Cepheidae

Cepheus corae, from here.

Belongs within: Brachypylina.

The Cepheidae are a family of often relatively large oribatid mites, usually with a sculptured integument. Species of Cepheus can be found in moss, litter and rotting wood. Cepheus latus is a borer in birch twigs (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). The genera Ommatocepheus, Eupterotegaeus, Conoppia, Sphodrocepheus and Tritegeus have tridactylous legs; the remaining genera are monodactyle (Balogh & Balogh 1992).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Length 500–1200 µm. Integument usually sculptured. Subcapitulum diarthritic; chelicerae chelate-dentate; subcapitular mentum without tectum. Prodorsum with true lamellae. Scalps absent. Lenticulus absent. Notogaster without setae centrodorsally, all notogastral setae in marginal or posteromarginal position. Three pairs of adanal setae, positioned adanally and postanally. Tarsus I with two solenidia.

Cepheidae [Compactozetidae]S04
|--Protocepheus Jacot 1928S04
| `--*P. hericius (Michael 1887)S04 [=Tegeocranus hericiusS04, Cepheus hericiusBN82]
|--Tikizetes Hammer 1967 [Tikizetidae]S04
| `--*T. spinipes Hammer 1967S04
|--Pilocepheus Pérez-Íñigo 1992S04
| `--*P. azoricus Pérez-Íñigo 1992S04
|--Conoppia Berlese 1908 [incl. Balzania Jacot 1929 non Spegazzini 1899 (ICBN), Phyllotegeus Berlese 1913]S04
| |--C. palmicincta (Michael 1884)S04 (see below for synonymy)
| `--C. setiformis Golosova & Karppinen 1985S04
|--Oribatodes Banks 1895S04
| |--*O. mirabilis Banks 1895S04 (see below for synonymy)
| `--O. crenulatus Csiszár 1962S04
|--Tereticepheus Bernini & Bernini 1990S04
| |--*T. annamariae Bernini & Bernini 1990S04
| `--T. undulatus (Willmann 1939) [=Cepheus undulatus]S04
|--Hypocepheus Krivolutsky 1971S04
| |--*H. mirabilis Krivolusky 1971S04
| |--H. helveticus Mahunka & Mahunka-Papp 2002S04
| `--H. krivolutskyi Calugar & Vasiliu 1976S04
|--Reticulocepheus Vasiliu & Calugar 1977 [incl. Cubacepheus Balogh & Mahunka 1979, Geocepheus Sitnikova 1979]S04
| |--*R. decoui Vasiliu & Calugar 1977 (see below for synonymy)S04
| |--R. areolatus (Sitnikova 1979) [=Geocepheus areolatus]S04
| |--R. grandis (Sitnikova 1979) [=Geocepheus grandis]S04
| `--R. reticulatus (Sitnikova 1979) [=Geocepheus reticulatus]S04
|--Tritegeus Berlese 1913S04
| |--T. bisulcatus Grandjean 1953 [incl. Cepheus bifidatus Michael 1880 non Nicolet 1855, *T. bifidatus]S04
| |--T. brevisetus Sitnikova 1975S04
| |--T. major Golosova & Karppinen 1984S04
| `--T. sculptus Bernini & Bernini 1990S04
|--Sphodrocepheus Woolley & Higgins 1963S04
| |--*S. tridactylus Woolley & Higgins 1963S04
| |--S. anthelionus Woolley & Higgins 1968S04
| |--S. dentatus Fujikawa 1972S04
| |--S. mitratus Aoki 1967S04
| `--S. tuberculatus Mahunka 1988S04
|--Compactozetes Hammer 1966S04
| |--*C. rotoruensis Hammer 1966S04
| |--C. hastatus Hammer 1973S04
| |--C. niger Hammer 1966S04
| |--C. serratus Balogh 1970S04
| `--C. zeugus Luxton 1988S04
|--Ommatocepheus Berlese 1913S04
| |--*O. ocellatus (Michael 1882)S04 (see below for synonymy)
| |--O. clavatus Woolley & Higgins 1964S04
| | |--O. c. clavatusS04
| | `--O. c. japonicus Aoki 1974S04
| |--O. crassisetosus Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1996S04
| |--O. nortoniSC19
| |--O. parvilamellatus Pérez-Íñigo & Pérez-Íñigo 1996S04
| `--O. reticulatus Pérez-Íñigo & Peña 1997S04
|--Eupterotegaeus Berlese 1916PL17, S04 [=Eupterotegeus (l. c.)HW68; incl. Diodontocepheus Mihelčič 1958S04]
| |--*E. ornatissimus (Berlese 1908) [=Tegeocranus ornatissimus; incl. Diodontocepheus steinboecki Mihelčič 1958]S04
| |--E. armatus Aoki 1969S04
| |--E. bitranslamellatusSC19
| |--E. dentatus Sitnikova 1979S04
| |--E. flavus (Ewing 1918) [=Cepheus flavus]S04
| |--E. nasalis Sitnikova 1979S04
| |--E. pseudosculptus (Coggi 1900) [=Cepheus pseudosculptus]S04
| |--E. rhamphosus Higgins & Woolley 1968S04
| |--E. rostratus Higgins & Woolley 1963S04
| |--E. spinatus Higgins & Woolley 1963S04
| `--E. xizangensis Wang & Solhoy 2001S04
|--Sadocepheus Aoki 1965 [incl. Hamotegeus Balogh & Mahunka 1969]S04
| |--*S. undulatus Aoki 1965S04
| | |--S. u. undulatusS04
| | `--S. u. setiger Fujita & Fujikawa 1986S04
| |--S. breviseta (Balogh 1986) [=Hamotegeus breviseta]S04
| |--S. dubius Hammer 1979S04
| |--S. elevatus Mahunka 1987S04
| |--S. foveolatus Luxton 1988S04
| |--S. franzi (Balogh 1986) [=Hamotegeus franzi]S04
| |--S. granulatus (Balogh & Mahunka 1969)S04 [=*Hamotegeus granulatusBB92a]
| |--S. longiseta (Balogh 1986) [=Hamotegeus longiseta]S04
| |--S. makarcevae Sitnikova 1975S04
| `--S. subniger (Ewing 1917) [=Tegeocranus subniger]S04
`--Cepheus Koch 1835 [incl. Tegeocranus Nicolet 1855]S04
|--*C. latus Koch 1835S04 [=Carabodes latusM98, Tegeocranus latusBN82]
|--C. brachiatus Sitnikova 1975S04
|--C. caucasicus Sitnikova 1975S04
|--C. cepheiformis (Nicolet 1855) [=Tegeocranus cepheiformis; incl. C. michaeli Jacot 1928]S04
|--C. corae Jacot 1928S04
|--C. dentatus (Michael 1888) [=Tegeocranus dentatus; incl. C. grandis Sitnikova 1975]S04
|--C. feideri Suciu & Panu 1972S04
|--C. gracilipes (Canestrini 1897) (n. d.) [=Tegeocranus gracilipes]S04
|--C. granulatus Mihelčič 1958S04
|--C. heterosetosus (Sitnikova 1975) [=Oribatodes heterosetosus]S04
|--C. hokkaiensis Fujikawa 1992S04
|--C. implicatus (Sellnick 1918)S93
|--C. incisus Mihelčič 1958S04
|--C. jindingensis Wen & Sun 1990S04
|--C. kurosawai Aoki 1986S04
|--C. lobatus Mihelčič 1953 (n. d.)S04
|--C. mirabiloides Jacot 1938S04
|--C. ovalis Koch 1841 (n. d.)M98
|--C. pegazzanoae Bernini & Nannelli 1982S04
|--C. pertusus Haupt 1882 (n. d.)S04
|--C. pustulatus (Pearce 1910) [=Tegeocranus pustulatus]S04
|--C. takasago Aoki 1991S04
|--C. transversalis Balogh 1958 (n. d.)S04
|--C. transylvanicus Cooreman 1951S04
|--C. tuberculosus Strenzke 1951S04
`--C. verrucosus Bernini 1971S04

Conoppia palmicincta (Michael 1884)S04 [=Leiosoma palmicinctumS04, Liacarus palmicinctusM98, *Phyllotegeus palmicinctusG36; incl. Oppia microptera Berlese 1885S04, *Conoppia micropteraS04, Notaspis micropteraM98, Oribata microptera Canestrini 1896 non Oppia microptera Berlese 1885S04, *Balzania micropteraB65]

*Ommatocepheus ocellatus (Michael 1882)S04 [=Cepheus ocellatusS04, Scutovertex ocellatusM98; incl. S. pulcherrimus Berlese 1913S04, Ommatocepheus pulcherrimusB65]

*Oribatodes mirabilis Banks 1895S04 [=Cepheus mirabilisBN82, Oribata mirabilisM98; incl. C. lamellatus Banks 1906S04, Tegeocranus longisetus Berlese 1910S04]

*Reticulocepheus decoui Vasiliu & Calugar 1977 [incl. Cepheus (Cubacepheus) lobatus Balogh & Mahunka 1979 non C. lobatus Mihelčič 1953]S04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B65] Balogh, J. 1965. A synopsis of the world oribatid (Acari) genera. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11 (1–2): 5–99.

[BN82] Bernini, F., & R. Nannelli. 1982. Notulae oribatologicae XXVI. Contribution to the knowledge of the genus Cepheus (Oribatida, Acarida) in Italy. Redia 45: 155–188.

[G36] Grandjean, F. 1936. Observations sur les oribates (10e série). Bulletin du Muséum, 2e série, 8 (3): 246–253.

[HW68] Higgins, H. G., & T. A. Woolley. 1968. A new mite of the genus Eupterotegaeus from Oregon (Cryptostigmata: Cepheidae). Great Basin Naturalist 28 (4): 179–182.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[PL17] Pachl, P., A. C. Lindl, A. Krause, S. Scheu, I. Schaefer & M. Maraun. 2017. The tropics as an ancient cradle of oribatid mite diversity. Acarologia 57 (2): 309–322.

[SC19] Schaefer, I., & T. Caruso. 2019. Oribatid mites show that soil food web complexity and close aboveground-belowground linkages emerged in the early Paleozoic. Communications Biology 2: 387.

[S93] Selden, P. A. 1993. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 297–320. Chapman & Hall: London.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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