Cerambycidae

Distenia undata, copyright Robert Webster.

Belongs within: Phytophaga.
Contains: Stenoderinae, Dorcadioninae, Hypselominae, Cirrhicera, Spondylidinae, Lepturinae, Cerambycinae, Parandrinae, Prioninae, Lamiinae.

The Cerambycidae include the longicorn beetles, distinguished (as their name suggests) by the notably long antennae of many species which may be longer than the remainder of the insect. Larvae of longicorns are generally internal feeders on plants. Some species are significant pests as borers into wood. Eggs are typically laid under bark or into cracks. Adult longicorns may feed on flowers, foliage or wood (Lawrence or Britton 1991).

Most cerambycids, with the exceptions of the subfamilies Parandrinae and Prioninae, lack a distinct lateral margin on the pronotum. Tarsi are five-segmented but, except in Parandrinae and Spondylidinae, appear four-segmented due to the fourth segment being reduced and concealed beneath pads on the third. Parandrinae and Spondylidinae also have relatively short antennae, rarely surpassing the base of the pronotum (Turnbow & Thomas 2002). Prioninae, Cerambycinae and Lepturinae differ from Lamiinae in having the head obliquely inclined anteriorly or subvertical, with the genal margin not directed posteriorly. Cerambycinae and Lepturinae usually possess a finely striated stridulatory area on the mesonotum (Turnbow & Thomas 2002). The Necydalinae have short elytra that barely extend over the base of the abdomen, with the wings not carried folded (Turnbow & Thomas 2002).

The Disteniidae are slender longicorns that are distinctive enough to have sometimes been treated as a separate family. Adults differ from other cerambycids in their chisel-shaped mandibles and clypeus which sits obliquely to the frons. The wing lacks a spur on the radio-medial crossvein (Turnbow & Thomas 2002). Antennae usually bear long, recumbent setae lying in grooves on the posterior face. Larvae, where known, have retracted ventral mouthparts with the gula and hypostoma absent and the skin of the prothorax attached directly to the submentum. Disteniids are most diverse in the Southern Hemisphere with rather few species in the North Hemisphere. One of the more widespread genera is Distenia, distinguished by having antennae with segments uniformly tapering towards the apex.

Characters (from Lawrence & Britton 1991): Elongate, subcylindrical to somewhat flattened beetles, usually pubescent; antennae almost always more than two-thirds body length and inserted on prominences, so that they can be directed backwards over the body. Eyes usually emarginate, often deeply so; lateral pronotal carinae usually absent, often with lateral tubercles or spines on prothorax; mesonotum usually with stridulatory file; tibial spurs present on all legs; tarsal claws simple. Larvae elongate, subcylindrical to slightly flattened, lightly sclerotised and subglabrous or clothed with fine setae or patches of spinules. Head retracted into prothorax and excavated posteriorly, forming recess housing retractor muscle; antennae short; mandibles large and stout; prothorax usually more or less enlarged; legs small and widely separated, may be vestigial or absent; first six or seven abdominal segments may bear fleshy ampullae; urogomphi, if present, minute.

<==Cerambycidae [Cerambicini, Cerambycoidea, Lamiidae, Lepturidae, Longicornia, Prionidae]
|--+--Necydalinae [Necydalini]LL20
| | |--Ulochaetes LeConte 1854TT02
| | | `--U. leoninus LeConte 1854B14
| | `--Necydalis Linnaeus 1758L58
| | |--N. abbreviataG20
| | |--N. auricoma Newm. 1840M87
| | |--N. rufa [=Stenopterus rufus]LC40
| | |--N. tristis [=Oedemera tristis]B35
| | `--N. ulmi [incl. N. panzeri]C90
| `--+--SpondylidinaeLL20
| `--LepturinaeLL20
`--+--+--CerambycinaeLL20
| `--+--ParandrinaeLL20
| `--PrioninaeLL20
`--+--LamiinaeLL20
`--Disteniidae [Disteniinae]MW15
|--Cometes hirticornis Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville 1828B14
|--NoemiaP66b
| |--N. chalybeata Pascoe 1866P66b
| `--N. flavicornisP66b
`--Distenia Lepeletier & Audinet-Serville in Latreille 1828TT02
|--D. columbinaLC40
|--D. spinipennisMW15
`--D. undata (Fabricius 1775)TT02

Cerambycidae incertae sedis:
Ochrocydus huttoniFS01
Hybolasius vegetus Broun 1881E02
Xylotoloides trigonellarisE02
PtinosomaE02
Calliprason pallidum (Pascoe 1875)E02
Somatidia helmsiWH02, H15
Oemona hirta (Fabricius 1775)H82
PsilocnaeiaWFS04
|--P. nanaWFS04
`--P. parvulaWFS04
XylotelesWFS04
|--X. griseusWFS04
`--X. humeratusWFS04
Zorion minutumT27
Neocalliprason Brookes 1927B27
`--*N. elegans Brookes 1927B27
PseudocalliprasonB27
CerambycomimaGE05
TithoesG89
|--T. arabicus Thoms. 1877G89
`--T. capensisG89
ObriaccumG89
|--O. elegansG89
`--O. manzonii Gestro 1889G89
DichostatesG89
|--D. strigifrons Fairm. 1885G89
|--D. subocellatusG89
`--D. vagepictusG89
SpintheriiniSW03
Glaucytes [Glaucytini]SW03
`--G. interruptaSW03
GastrosarusB88
Poecilipe medialisB88
Allosterna tabacicolorC01
NeodorcadionC01
|--N. flaschneri Pic 1890P90a
|--N. involvensC01
|--N. orygiC01
|--N. potaniniC01
`--N. zichyi Csiki 1901C01
AderpasP66a
AnameraP66a
Haplocnemia myopsC01
ErioderusP66b
Paraglenea Bates 1866B66
|--*P. fortunei [=Glenea fortunei]B66
`--P. swinhoei Bates 1866B66
Adesmus druryiK91, I92
Atossa [Onocephalinae]P66a
|--*A. strenuaP66a
`--A. atomaria Pascoe 1866P66a
Astathes Newman 1842 [incl. Tetraophthalmus Blanchard 1845; Astatheinae]P66a
|--A. cyanoptera Gahan 2000G00
|--A. episcopalisG00
|--A. nigricornisP66a
|--A. perplexaP66a
|--A. splendida [=Cerambyx splendidus]P66a
|--A. terminataP66a
`--A. violaceipennisG00
Noserius [Cerasphorinae]P66b
`--N. tibialisP66b
StenoderinaeP66b
Aegosoma [Aegosominae]P66b
|--A. hainanensis Gahan 1900G00
|--A. marginale [=Cerambyx marginalis]P66b
|--A. ornaticolleG00
|--A. scabricorneP66b [=Prionus scabricornisLC40]
`--A. sinicumG00
DorcadioninaeP66a
HypselominaeP66a
AdoriumB35
|--A. australe Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
|--A. basaleB35
|--A. bipunctatumL02 [=Galeruca (Adorium) bipunctataG20]
|--A. bowringi Baly 1863Fai89a
|--A. chrysomeloides Bates 1866B66
|--A. laticlavum Fairmaire 1889Fai89a
|--A. melanocephalum d’Urville in Boisduval 1835B35
`--A. posticum Dej. in Boisduval 1835B35
Promechus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
|--P. aeneus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
`--P. splendidus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
Osphranteria coerulescens Redtenbacher 1850HAB05
MysteriaW01
Pathocerus Waterhouse 1901W01
`--*P. wagneri Waterhouse 1901W01
Mecynippus pubicornisLW91
AenictosomaP92
DorcadionoidesP92
NothorrhinaP92
PalaeoasemumP92
ParmenopsP92
PentomacrusP92
EugamandusP92
EurybatusG00
|--E. decempunctatusG00
`--E. laetaG00
MelanausterG00
|--M. chinensisG00
|--M. horsfieldii [=Cyriocrates horsfieldii]Fai89a
|--M. imitatorG00
|--M. laevigatorFai89a
|--M. macrospilus Gahan 1900G00
|--M. pirouletii Fairmaire 1889Fai89a
`--M. similis Gahan 1900G00
ZotaleG00
|--Z. lineatus [=Mycerinopsis lineatus]G00
`--Z. unicolorG00
PrionocalusW00
|--P. atysW00
|--P. buckleyiW00
|--P. cacicusW00
|--P. guentheriW00
|--P. iphisW00
|--P. simonsi Waterhouse 1900W00
|--P. uniformis Waterhouse 1900W00
`--P. whitei Waterhouse 1900W00
CirrhiceraC72a
Araxia sulcataC72b
Lophopoeum timbouvae [incl. Baryssinus leguminicola]C72b
Hemadius Fairmaire 1889Fai89a
`--*H. oenochrous Fairmaire 1889Fai89a
Hephialtes Thoms. 1864FS90
`--H. sulcatus Ol. 1795 [incl. H. castaneum, H. laevigatus, H. tricostatus]FS90
Neocorus Thoms. 1864FS90
`--N. romanowskii Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
Philematium Thoms. 1864FS90
`--P. festivum Fab. 1775 [incl. P. festum, P. nobile]FS90
Nanilla Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
`--*N. delauneyi Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
Ischiocentra [incl. Trestonia Buq. 1859 non Rafinesque 1815]FS90
|--‘Trestonia’ fulgurata Buq. 1859FS90
`--‘Trestonia’ signifera Buq. 1859FS90
Hypomia Thoms. 1868FS90
|--H. grisea Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
`--H. simplexFS90
Amphionycha Lesél. 1844FS90
|--A. fraudatrixFS90
`--A. nigriventris Chv. in Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
Drycothaea Thoms. 1868FS90
`--D. guadeloupensis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
Mantitheus Fairmaire 1889Fai89b
`--*M. pekinensis Fairmaire 1889Fai89b
Vadonia bitliensis Chevrolat 1882P90b (see below for synonymy)
Ertlia Aurivillius 1907BP02
Tilliclytus geminatusO02
Certalum ruficolleR26
RhinophthalmusB89
|--R. marginipennisB89
|--R. modestus Blackburn 1889B89
`--R. nasutusB89
Phelipara subvittata Blair 1933JG19
Sciades exigua (Gahan 1900) [=Aegocidnus exiguus]JG19
Anomophysis coxalis (Gahan 1900) [=Prinobius coxalis]JG19

Vadonia bitliensis Chevrolat 1882P90b [=Leptura bitlisensisFau89; incl. V. bitliensis var. bistigmata Pic 1890P90b, L. cribricollis Pic 1890P90b, V. bitliensis var. instigmata Pic 1890P90b]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

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