Ceratozetoidea

 Ghilarovizetes longisetosus, from here.

Belongs within: Poronoticae.
Contains: Lamellobates, Humerobates, Africoribates, Anellozetes, Chamobates, Zetomimus, Mycobates, Zachvatkinibates, Punctoribates, Melanozetes, Murcia, Ceratozetella, Edwardzetes, Fuscozetes, Sphaerozetes, Ceratozetes, Neogymnobates, Diapterobates, Latilamellobates.

The Ceratozetoidea are a group of oribatid mites most diverse in temperate to boreal regions, though some species are also present in the tropics. They are found in a wide variety of habitats, including terrestrial, arboreal and even semi-aquatic environs, and include mycophages, necrophages and detritus feeders (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). Nymphs of most families (where known) bear characteristic macrosclerites, though these are absent in the subaquatic Zetomimidae whose inclusion in the Ceratozetoidea has therefore been questioned (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009). Members of Ceratokalummidae, Humerobatidae and some Mycobatidae possess pteromorphs that are at least partially hinged and more or less movable; in the remaining ceratozetoids the hinge is absent and the pteromorphs are immobile (Balogh & Balogh 1992a). In Ceratokalummidae, the pteromorphs are particularly large and auriculate, able to cover the legs when closed. The Maudheimiidae, a small family endemic to east Antarctica, have the pteromorphs reduced. In many ceratozetoids, the notogaster has a posterior tectum, but this is absent in Maudheimiidae, Euzetidae and Ceratozetidae. The Zetomimidae, together with the unique species Onychobates nidicola, described from the nest of the grey warbler Gerygone igata, have differing numbers of claws on the fore and hind legs. Onychobates nidicola has a reduced number of porose areas on the notogaster compared to Zetomimidae and has the claw on leg I expanded medially (Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009).

The Ceratokalummidae are oribatid mites with auriculate pteromorphs like those of the Galumnidae, from which they differ in the presence of well-developed prodorsal lamellae. The lamellar cuspides are fused in genera other than Achipterina and Cultrobates, in which they remain separate (Balogh & Balogh 1992 vol. 1).

Characters (from Norton & Behan-Pelletier 2009): Prodorsum with lamellae, adjacent medially or separated; tutorium, lamellar cusps, translamella present or absent. Genal notch present. Chelicerae chelate-dentate; palpal eupathidium acm attached to solenidion; subcapitular mentum with or without complete tectum. Axillary saccule of subcapitulum generally present. Discidium and custodium present, postanal porose area generally present. Pedotectum I large, extending to base of bothridium. Pedotectum II present. Notogaster with or without lenticulus, posterior tectum present or absent, if present, overlapping medially or not; pteromorphs usually presnet, with or without hinge. Notogastral setation 10-15 pairs. Octotaxic system developed as 1-7 pairs (usually four) of porose areas, saccules or tubules. Genital setation 4-6 pairs. Bothridium without internal, spiral thickenings, cup-shaped, or with medial and lateral scales. Genu IV shorter than tibia IV; tibia IV with solenidion. Immatures with opisthonotum with macroslerites, apheredermous, integument smooth or partially tuberculate; unideficient; humeral organ generally present; opisthonotal setae without excentric porose area at base (except in Humerobatidae); integument surrounding opening of opisthonotal gland porose; single circumgenital sclerite usually absent (except in Euzetes); seta d absent from tibiae and genua when respective solenidion is present.

<==Ceratozetoidea
    |  i. s.: LamellobatesNB-P09
    |         Sacculozetes Behan-Pelletier & Rjabinin 1991NB-P09, S04
    |           `--*S. filosus Behan-Pelletier & Rjabinin 1991S04
    |--Onychobates Hammer 1967S04 [OnychobatidaeNB-P09]
    |    `--*O. nidicola Hammer 1967S04
    |--HumerobatidaeNB-P09
    |    |--HumerobatesNB-P09
    |    |--AfricoribatesS04
    |    `--AnellozetesS04
    |--Ramsayellus Spain & Luxton 1970S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--*R. grandis (Hammer 1967)S04 [=*Zealandobates grandisCH98]
    |    |--R. conspicuus (Berlese 1916) [=Peloribates conspicuus]S04
    |    |--R. fallax (Pearce 1906) [=Oribata fallax]S04
    |    |--R. seychellensis (Warburton 1912) [=Oribata seychellensis]S04
    |    `--R. turbulentus (Mahunka 1984)S04 [=*Ulugurozetes turbulentusCH98]
    |--MaudheimiidaeNB-P09
    |    |--Multimaudheimia Subías 2004S04
    |    |    `--*M. marshalli (Coetzee 1997) [=Maudheimia marshalli]S04
    |    `--Maudheimia Daleinus 1958S04
    |         |--*M. wilsoni Daleinus 1958S04
    |         |--M. petronia Wallwork 1962S04
    |         `--M. tanngardenensis Coetzee 1997S04
    |--ChamobatidaeNB-P09
    |    |--ChamobatesNB-P09
    |    |--Pedunculozetes Hammer 1962S04
    |    |    |--*P. andinus Hammer 1962S04
    |    |    `--P. minutus Hammer 1967S04
    |    |--Iugoribates Sellnick 1944S04
    |    |    |--*I. gracilis Sellnick 1944S04
    |    |    `--I. cornutus Mínguez 1981 (see below for synonymy)S04
    |    |--Ocesobates Aoki 1965 [incl. Chamozetes Sellnick 1974, Danobates Gjelstrup 1978]S04
    |    |    |--*O. kumadai Aoki 1965S04
    |    |    |--O. boedvarssoni (Sellnick 1974) [=Chamozetes boedvarssoni; incl. Danobates insignitus Gjelstrup 1978]S04
    |    |    `--O. bregetovae Shaldybina 1974S04
    |    `--Globozetes Sellnick 1928S04
    |         |--*G. longipilus Sellnick 1928 [incl. Euzetes paolii Berlese 1910 (n. d.)]S04
    |         |--G. birulai (Kulczynski 1902)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--G. microtus Shaldybina 1969S04
    |         `--G. petrinjensis (Willmann 1940) [=Chamobates petrinjensis]S04
    |--Zetomimidae [Heterozetidae]NB-P09
    |    |--ZetomimusNB-P09
    |    |--Farchacarus Wallwork 1967 [incl. Africacarus Wallwork 1965 (preoc.)]S04
    |    |    |--*F. calcaratus (Wallwork 1965) [=Africacarus calcaratus]S04
    |    |    `--F. philippinensis (Corpuz-Raros 1979) [=Hypozetes philippinensis]S04
    |    |--Heterozetes Willmann 1917NB-P09, S04
    |    |    |--*H. palustris (Willmann 1917) [=Ceratozetes (*Heterozetes) palustris]S04
    |    |    |--H. aquaticus (Banks 1895)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    |--H. cuspidatus Willmann 1931S04
    |    |    |--H. heleios Behan-Pelletier 1998S04
    |    |    `--H. minnesotensis (Ewing 1913) [=Oribata minnesotensis; incl. H. cayugensis Habeeb 1974]S04
    |    `--Geminozetes Balogh & Csiszár 1963S04
    |         |--G. (Geminozetes)S04
    |         |    |--*G. (G.) lineatus Balogh & Csiszár 1963S04
    |         |    `--G. (G.) lamellatus Balogh 1966S04
    |         `--G. (Naiazetes Behan-Pelletier 1996)S04, NB-P09, S04 [incl. Selvazetes Behan-Pelletier 1998S04]
    |              |--G. (*N.) reevesi (Behan-Pelletier 1996) [=*Naiazetes reevesi]S04
    |              `--G. (N.) silvanus (Behan-Pelletier 1998) [=Selvazetes silvanus]S04
    |--Ceratokalummidae [Genavensiidae, Genaviidae]NB-P09
    |    |--Guaranozetes Balogh & Mahunka 1981S04
    |    |    `--*G. nudus Balogh & Mahunka 1981S04
    |    |--Belemacarus Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1997S04
    |    |    `--*B. amazonicus Pérez-Íñigo & Baggio 1997S04
    |    |--Genavensia Mahunka 1983S04
    |    |    |--*G. hungarorum Mahunka 1983S04
    |    |    `--G. longiseta Mahunka 1985S04
    |    |--Arcozetes Hammer 1958S04
    |    |    |--*A. bicuspidatus Hammer 1958S04
    |    |    `--A. brevicuspidatus Hammer 1958BB92
    |    |--Cultrobates Willmann 1930S04
    |    |    |--*C. heterodactylus Willmann 1930S04
    |    |    |--C. niponicus Aoki 1982S04
    |    |    `--C. quadricuspidatus (Ewing 1909) [=Oribata quadricuspidata]S04
    |    `--Achipterina Berlese 1916 [incl. Ceratokalumma Balogh 1970]S04
    |         |--*A. oribatelloides (Berlese 1916) [=Achipteria (*Achipterina) oribatelloides]S04
    |         |--A. insignis (Balogh 1970)S04 [=*Ceratokalumma insignisBB88]
    |         |--A. kaszabi (Balogh & Balogh 1988) [=Ceratokalumma kaszabi]S04
    |         `--A. naisselinei (Balogh & Balogh 1988) [=Ceratokalumma naisselinei]S04
    |--Mycobatidae [Punctoribatidae]NB-P09
    |    |--MycobatesNB-P09
    |    |--ZachvatkinibatesNB-P09
    |    |--PunctoribatesNB-P09
    |    |--Mycozetes Spain 1968S04
    |    |    `--*M. oleariae Spain 1968S04
    |    |--Allomycobates Aoki 1976S04
    |    |    `--*A. lichensis Aoki 1976S04
    |    |--Neomycobates Wallwork 1963S04
    |    |    `--*N. tridentatus Wallwork 1963S04
    |    |--Ellipsozetes Bernini 1980S04
    |    |    `--*E. sphaerulus Bernini 1980S04
    |    |--Feiderzetes Subías 1977 [=Allozetes Feider, Vasiliu & Calugar 1971 nec Berlese 1913 nec Higgins 1965]S04
    |    |    `--*F. latus (Schweizer 1956) [=Punctoribates (Minunthozetes) latus, *Allozetes latus]BB90
    |    |--Alpizetes Mahunka 2001S04
    |    |    `--*A. behenae Mahunka 2001S04
    |    |--Inigozetes Subías 2000S04
    |    |    `--*I. reticulatus (Pérez-Íñigo 1969) [=Minunthozetes reticulatus]S04
    |    |--Pelopsis Hull 1911 [incl. Ewingozetes Hammer 1952, Parapelops Jacot 1938]S04
    |    |    |--P. bifurcatus (Ewing 1909)S04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |    `--P. bidentatus (Hammer 1961) [=Parapelops bidentatus]S04
    |    |--Cryptobothria Wallwork 1963S04
    |    |    |--*C. monodactyla Wallwork 1963S04
    |    |    `--C. papuana Balogh 1970S04
    |    |--Semipunctoribates Mahunka 1987S04
    |    |    |--*S. hungaricus Mahunka 1987S04
    |    |    |--S. astrachanicus (Shaldybina 1973) [=Punctoribates astrachanicus]S04
    |    |    `--S. zachvatkini (Shaldybina 1969) [=Punctoribates zachvatkini]S04
    |    |--Minguezetes Subías, Kahwash & Ruiz 1990S04
    |    |    |--*M. conjunctus Subías, Kahwash & Ruiz 1990S04
    |    |    |--M. hexagonus (Berlese 1908) [=Punctoribates hexagonus; incl. P. hygrophilus Mihelčič 1957]S04
    |    |    |--M. insignis (Berlese 1910) [=Punctoribates insignis; incl. P. manzanoensis Hammer 1958]S04
    |    |    |--M. longiporosus (Balogh 1963) [=Punctoribates longiporosus]S04
    |    |    `--M. palustrisB-PE07
    |    `--Minunthozetes Hull 1916 [incl. Jurabates Jacot 1929]S04
    |         |--M. semirufus (Koch 1841) (see below for synonymy)S04
    |         |--M. humectus (Hull 1915) [=Oribata humecta]S04
    |         |--M. pseudofusiger (Schweizer 1922) [=Oribata pseudofusiger]S04
    |         |--M. quadriareatus Mínguez, Subías & Ruiz 1986 [incl. Punctoribates atomus Berlese 1908 (n. d.)]S04
    |         `--M. tarmani Feider, Vasiliu & Calugar 1971S04
    `--Ceratozetidae [Ceratozetinae]NB-P09
         |--MelanozetesNB-P09
         |--MurciaS04
         |--CeratozetellaS04
         |--EdwardzetesS04
         |--FuscozetesNB-P09
         |--SphaerozetesNB-P09
         |--CeratozetesNB-P09
         |--NeogymnobatesS04
         |--DiapterobatesNB-P09
         |--LatilamellobatesNB-P09
         |--Kilimabates Mahunka 1984NB-P09, S04
         |    `--*K. processus Mahunka 1984CH98 [=Anellozetes processusS04]
         |--Tutorozetes Hammer 1967S04
         |    `--*T. thermophilus Hammer 1967S04
         |--Jugatala Ewing 1913S04
         |    `--*J. tuberosa Ewing 1913S04
         |--Lobozetes Hammer 1958S04
         |    `--*L. bilobatus Hammer 1958S04
         |--Svalbardia Thor 1930NB-P09, S04
         |    `--*S. paludicola Thor 1930S04
         |--Dentizetes Hammer 1952S04
         |    |--*D. rudentiger Hammer 1952S04
         |    `--D. ledensis Behan-Pelletier 2000S04
         |--Pentazetes Balogh & Balogh 1983S04
         |    |--*P. (Pentazetes) mandjeliae Balogh & Balogh 1983S04
         |    `--P. (Porallozetes Balogh & Balogh 1992)S04
         |         `--P. (*P.) dispar (Hammer 1973) [=Allozetes dispar]S04
         |--Oromurcia Thor 1930S04
         |    |--*O. bicuspidata Thor 1930S04
         |    |--O. lucens (Koch 1879)S04 (see below for synonymy)
         |    `--O. sudetica Willmann 1939 [incl. Trichoribates lucens distinguendus Berlese 1923 (n. d.)]S04
         |--Viracochiella Hammer 1961S04
         |    |--V. (Viracochiella) [incl. Leebates Balogh & Mahunka 1996]S04
         |    |    |--*V. (V.) tuberculata Hammer 1961S04
         |    |    `--V. (V.) bornemisszai (Balogh & Mahunka 1996)S04 [=*Leebates bornemisszaiCH98]
         |    `--V. (Laminizetes Behan-Pelletier 1986)S04
         |         `--V. (*L.) fortispinosus (Behan-Pelletier 1986) [=*Laminizetes fortispinosus]S04
         |--Ghilarovizetes Shaldybina 1969S04
         |    |--*G. obtusus Shaldybina 1969S04
         |    |--G. africanus Mahunka 1984S04
         |    |--G. longisetosus (Hammer 1952) [=Melanozetes longisetosus]S04
         |    |--G. maruyuamai Hirauchi 1999S04
         |    `--G. rostralis Shaldybina 1969S04
         |--Furcobates Sellnick 1959S04
         |    |--F. (Furcobates)S04
         |    |    |--*F. (F.) hastata (Kramer 1898) [=Oribata hastata; incl. Oribates longicornutus Berlese 1901]S04
         |    |    `--F. (F.) lewissmithi Starý 1995S04
         |    |--F. (Parafurcobates Hammer 1967)S04
         |    |    `--F. (*P.) cuspidatus (Hammer 1967) [=*Parafurcobates cuspidatus]S04
         |    `--F. (Pseudogeminozetes Tseng 1984)S04
         |         `--F. (*P.) obliqus (Tseng 1984) [=*Pseudogeminozetes obliqus]S04
         |--Macrogena Wallwork 1966S04
         |    |  i. s.: M. clathratus Hammer 1967SL71
         |    |--M. (Macrogena) [incl. Lophozetes Balogh 1985]S04
         |    |    |--*M. (M.) monodactyla Wallwork 1966S04
         |    |    |--M. (M.) crassa Hammer 1967S04
         |    |    |--M. (M.) rudentiger Hammer 1967S04
         |    |    `--M. (M.) truncata (Balogh 1985)S04 [=*Lophozetes truncatusCH98]
         |    `--M. (Safrobates Mahunka 1989)S04
         |         `--M. (*S.) miniporus (Mahunka 1989) [=*Safrobates miniporus]S04
         `--Scotiazetes Wallwork 1966S04
              |--S. (Scotiazetes)S04
              |    |--*S. (S.) bidens Wallwork 1966S04
              |    |--S. (S.) aragonensis (Pérez-Íñigo, Herrero & Pérez-Íñigo 1988) [=Ceratozetes aragonensis]S04
              |    `--S. (S.) cuspidatus (Covarrubias 1967) [=Porozetes cuspidatus]S04
              `--S. (Guatemalozetes Mahunka 1979)S04
                   |--S. (*G.) aelleni (Mahunka 1979) [=*Guatemalozetes aelleni]S04
                   `--S. (G.) danos (Behan-Pelletier & Rjabinin 1991) [=Guatemalozetes danos]S04

Globozetes birulai (Kulczynski 1902)S04 [=Notaspis birulaiS04, Oribata cuspidata var. birulaiT05; incl. Chamobates tricuspidatus Willmann 1953S04]

Heterozetes aquaticus (Banks 1895)S04 [=Oribatella aquaticaS04, Oribata aquaticaM98; incl. Heterozetes patchlorum Habeeb 1974S04]

Iugoribates cornutus Mínguez 1981 [incl. Chamobates incisus Mihelčič 1957 non Hammen 1952, C. mihelcici Paulitchenko 1992]S04

Minunthozetes semirufus (Koch 1841) [=Zetes semirufus; incl. Punctoribates bicornis Berlese 1908, Oribata fusigera Michael 1884, *Minunthozetes fusiger, M. major Mihelčič 1957]S04

Oromurcia lucens (Koch 1879)S04 [=Oribata lucensS04, Notaspis lucensT05; incl. N. setosa curta Trägardh 1902S04, Claviceps trimaculatus Koch 1879S04]

Pelopsis bifurcatus (Ewing 1909)S04 [=Pelops bifurcatusS04, *Parapelops bifurcatusB65; incl. *Pelopsis nudiuscula Hall 1911S04, Galumna partita Banks 1910S04]

Ramsayellus Spain & Luxton 1970S04 [=Zealandobates Hammer 1967 non Hopkins 1966S04; incl. Ulugurozetes Mahunka 1984S04; RamsayellidaeNB-P09]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B65] Balogh, J. 1965. A synopsis of the world oribatid (Acari) genera. Acta Zoologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 11 (1–2): 5–99.

[BB88] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1988. The family Ceratokalummidae Balogh, 1970 (Acari, Oribatei). Acta Zoologica Hungarica 34 (2–3): 191–201.

[BB92] Balogh, J., & P. Balogh. 1992. The Oribatid Mites Genera of the World vol. 2. Plates. Hungarian Natural History Museum: Budapest.

[B-PE07] Behan-Pelletier, V. M., & B. Eamer. 2007. Aquatic Oribatida: adaptations, constraints, distribution and ecology. In: Morales-Malacara, J. B., V. M. Behan-Pelletier, E. Ueckermann, T. M. Pérez, E. G. Estrada-Venegas & M. Badii (eds) Acarology XI: Proceedings of the International Congress pp. 71–82. Instituto de Biología and Faculdad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Sociedad Latinoamericana de Acarología: México.

[BB90] Bernini, F., & M. Baratti. 1990. Redescription of Feiderzetes latus (Schweizer, 1956) with redefinition of Feiderzetes (Acarida, Oribatida, Mycobatidae). International Journal of Acarology 16 (3): 119–127.

[CH98] Colloff, M. J., & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[M98] Michael, A. D. 1898. Oribatidae. In: H. Lohmann (ed.) Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen vol. 3. Acarina pp. 1–93. R. Friedländer und Sohn: Berlin.

[NB-P09] Norton, R. A., & V. M. Behan-Pelletier. 2009. Suborder Oribatida. In: Krantz, G. W., & D. E. Walter (eds) A Manual of Acarology 3rd ed. pp. 430–564. Texas Tech University Press.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

[T05] Trägårdh, I. 1905. Monographie der arktischen Acariden. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 1–78. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

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