Ceropales

Ceropales maculata, copyright Christina Butler.

Belongs within: Pompilidae.

Ceropales is a genus of spider wasps in which the eyes are internally emarginate and the labrum is broadly exposed (Tsuneki 1989).

Characters (from Tsuneki 1989): Body black, and yellow- or white-maculated; inner orbits strongly emarginate; labrum broadly exposed; pronotum rounded in front; mesoscutum without strong longitudinal furrows; discoidal cell 2 of fore wing without pocket at its baso-posterior corner; hind coxa with a hump at base above; spines at apex of hind tibia short, of uniform length and splayed; hind T5 with lateral rows of spines beneath; claws of hind leg simple and strongly bent.

<==Ceropales Latrielle 1796 [=Ceratopales Schulz 1906, Hypsiceraeus Morice & Durrant 1914]E07
    |--C. (Ceropales) [incl. Agenioxenus Ashmead 1902]E07
    |    |--*C. (C.) maculata (Fabricius 1775)E07 (see below for synonymy)
    |    |--C. (C.) australensis Móczár 1989E07
    |    |--C. (C.) helveticaE07
    |    |--C. (C.) ligea Bingham 1903E07
    |    `--C. (C.) rufiventris Walsh 1869 [=*Agenioxenus rufiventris]E07
    |--C. (Bifidoceropales Priesner 1969)E07
    |    |--C. (B.) pygmaeus [incl. C. unicolor Gussakovskij 1931]T89
    |    |    |--C. p. pygmaeusT89
    |    |    `--C. p. takasago Tsuneki 1989T89
    |    `--C. (B.) taiwanianus Tsuneki 1989T89
    |--C. (Hemiceropales Priesner 1969)E07
    `--C. (Priesnerius Móczár 1978)E07
Ceropales incertae sedis:
  C. bipunctataS94
  C. campestris [=Mellinus campestris]L02
  C. elegansS94
  C. frontalisG20
  C. nigripesS94
  C. pacificaS94
  C. parva Cameron 1900C00
  C. rugataS94
  C. shizuokaeS94
  C. taschenbergiS94
  C. variegataR26

*Ceropales (Ceropales) maculata (Fabricius 1775)E07 [=Evania maculataE07, *Ceratopales maculataE07, *Hypsiceraeus maculatusE07, Sphex maculataBM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C00] Cameron, P. 1900. Descriptions of new genera and species of aculeate Hymenoptera from the Oriental zoological region. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 17–41.

[E07] Elliott, M. G. 2007. Annotated catalogue of the Pompilidae (Hymenoptera) of Australia. Zootaxa 1428: 1–83.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[S94] Shimizu, A. 1994. Phylogeny and classification of the family Pompilidae (Hymenoptera). Tokyo Metropolitan University Bulletin of Natural History 2: 1–142.

[T89] Tsuneki, K. 1989. A study on the Pompilidae of Taiwan (Hymenoptera). Special Publications of the Japan Hymenopterists Association 35: 1–180.

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