Chalcididae

Trigonura sp., copyright Lynn Bergen.

Belongs within: Chalcidoidea.
Contains: Cratocentrinae, Haltichellinae, Conura, Dirhininae, Phasgonophorini, Epitranus, Brachymeria (Brachymeria).

The Chalcididae are a group of chalcidoid wasps characterised by large, ventrally dentate hind femora that are adapted for jumping.

Characters (from Bouček 1988): Body often large and non-metallic, gaster convex, not collapsing; gena posteriorly with strong carina; thorax strongly punctate, prepectus very small, tegula only slightly longer than broad; hind femur strongly enlarged with teeth on ventral edge.

<==Chalcididae [Chalcidae]HB13
| i. s.: Spilochalcis mariaeB37
| Chirocera pectinicornis [=Chalcis pectinicornis]L49
|--+--CratocentrinaeHB13
| `--Xenanastatus Bouček 1988MH11, B88
| `--*X. partisanguineus (Girault 1923) [=Eupelmus partisanguineus]B88
`--+--+--HaltichellinaeCR24
| `--ConuraCR24
`--+--DirhininaeCR24
`--+--Smicromorpha Girault 1913CR24, B88 [incl. Smicromorphella Girault 1930B88; Smicromorphinae]
| |--*S. doddi Girault 1913 [incl. S. cadaverosa Girault 1914]B88
| |--S. banksi Naumann 1986B88
| |--S. eudela Naumann 1986B88
| |--S. lagynos Naumann 1986B88
| `--S. minera Girault 1926 [=*Smicromorphella minerva]B88
`--+--PhasgonophorinaeCR24
| |--PhasgonophoriniHB13
| `--Stypiura [Stypiurini]CR24
| `--S. dentipesHB13
`--+--EpitranusCR24
`--+--Trigonura Sichel 1865HB13, B88 (see below for synonymy)
| |--*T. crassicauda [=Phasgonophora (*Trigonura) crassicauda]B88
| |--T. algertiHB13
| |--T. californicaHB13
| |--T. euthyrrhinni (Dodd 1921) [=Chalcis euthyrrhini, *Chalcidellia euthyrrhini]B88
| |--T. guttatipennis (Girault 1927) [=Chalcidellia guttatipennis]B88
| `--‘Chalcidellia’ ucalegonR70
`--Brachymeria Westwood in Stephens 1829CR24, B88 (see below for synonymy)
| i. s.: B. brevicornis [=Chalcis brevicornis]L49
| B. coloradensis (Cresson 1872)GM79 [incl. Chalcis tachinae Howard 1885G17, GM79]
| B. femorata (Panzer 1801)G38 [=Chalcis femorataG38; incl. C. ornatipes Cameron 1906B88]
| B. ovataN91 [=Chalcis ovataB37]
| |--B. o. ovataG17
| `--‘Chalcis’ o. abiesae Girault 1917G17
| B. pedalis (Cresson 1872)GM79
| B. pulchripes Holmgren 1868B88
| B. tibialisHB13
|--B. (Brachymeria)B88
|--B. (Australochalcis Girault 1939)B88
| `--B. (*A.) humilicrus (Girault 1939) [=*Australochalcis humilicrus]B88
|--B. (Dirrhinomorpha Girault & Dodd in Girault 1915)B88
| `--B. (*D.) angusta (Girault & Dodd in Girault 1915) [=*Dirrhinomorpha angusta]B88
`--B. (Mirochalcis Girault 1915)B88
`--B. (*M.) atricorpus (Girault 1915) [=*Mirochalcis atricorpus]B88

Brachymeria Westwood in Stephens 1829CR24, B88 [incl. Ceyxia Cameron 1911B88, Gahanula Burks 1960B88, Meyeriella Krausse 1916B88, Oncochalcis Cameron 1904B88, Pseudobrachymeria Burks 1960B88; Brachymerariae, Brachymeriinae, Brachymeriini]

Trigonura Sichel 1865HB13, B88 [incl. Bactrochalcis Kieffer 1912B88, Centrochalcidea Gahan & Fagan 1923B88, Centrochalcis Cameron 1913 non Cameron 1905B88, Chalcidellia Girault 1924B88]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[B37] Balduf, W. V. 1937. Bionomic notes on the common bagworm, Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis Haw., (Lepid., Psychidae) and its insect enemies (Hym., Lepid.). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (7): 169–184.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CR24] Cruaud, A., J.-Y. Rasplus, J. Zhang, R. Burks, G. Delvare, L. Fusu, A. Gumovsky, J. T. Huber, P. Janšta, M.-D. Mitroiu, J. S. Noyes, S. van Noort, A. Baker, J. Böhmová, H. Baur, B. B. Blaimer, S. G. Brady, K. Bubeníková, M. Chartois, R. S. Copeland, N. D.-S. Papilloud, A. D. Molin, C. Dominguez, M. Gebiola, E. Guerrieri, R. L. Kresslein, L. Krogmann, E. Lemmon, E. A. Murray, S. Nidelet, J. L. Nieves-Aldrey, R. K. Perry, R. S. Peters, A. Polaszek, L. Sauné, J. Torréns, S. Triapitsyn, E. V. Tselikh, M. Yoder, A. R. Lemmon, J. B. Woolley & J. M. Heraty. 2024. The Chalcidoidea bush of life: evolutionary history of a massive radiation of minute wasps. Cladistics 40: 34–63.

[G38] Gahan, A. B. 1938. Notes on some genera and species of Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 40 (8): 209–227.

[G17] Girault, A. A. 1917. Descriptiones stellarum novarum. Privately published (reprinted: Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 80–101).

[GM79] Gordh, G., A. S. Menke, E. C. Dahms & J. C. Hall. 1979. The privately printed papers of A. A. Girault. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 28: 1–400.

[HB13] Heraty, J. M., R. A. Burks, A. Cruaud, G. A. P. Gibson, J. Liljeblad, J. Munro, J.-Y. Rasplus, G. Delvare, P. Janšta, A. Gumovsky, J. Huber, J. B. Woolley, L. Krogmann, S. Heydon, A. Polaszek, S. Schmidt, D. C. Darling, M. W. Gates, J. Mottern, E. Murray, A. D. Molin, S. Triapitsyn, H. Baur, J. D. Pinto, S. van Noort, J. George & M. Yoder. 2013. A phylogenetic analysis of the megadiverse Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). Cladistics 29: 466–542.

[L49] Lucas, H. 1849. Exploration Scientifique de l’Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d’une commission académique. Sciences physiques. Zoologie. II. Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. Troisième partie. Insectes (suite). Imprimerie Nationale: Paris.

[MH11] Munro, J. B., J. M. Heraty, R. A. Burks, D. Hawks, J. Mottern, A. Cruaud, J.-Y. Rasplus & P. Jansta. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of the Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera). PloS One 6 (11): e27023.

[N91] Naumann, I. D. 1991. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants, sawflies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 916–1000. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R70] Riek, E. F. 1970. Hymenoptera (wasps, bees, ants). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 867–959. Melbourne University Press.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *