Ramose murex Chicoreus ramosus, copyright Ria Tan.

Belongs within: Muricidae.

Chicoreus is a genus of muricid gastropods with shells bearing three frondose varices and a long, dorsally deflected siphon.

<==Chicoreus Montfort 1810BR05 (see below for synonymy)
|--C. (Chicoreus)BC01
| |--*C. (C.) ramosus (Linnaeus 1758) [=Murex ramosus; incl. *Frondosaria inflata (Lamarck 1822)]RA75
| |--C. (C.) anguliferus [=Murex (C.) anguliferus]P71
| `--C. (C.) brevifrons (Lamarck 1822)BC01 [=Murex brevifronsG79; incl. M. spectrum var. incertum Usticke 1969BC01]
|--C. (Chicomurex Arakawa 1964)BC01
| |--*Chicomurex’ superbus (Sowerby 1889) [=Murex superbus, Phyllonotus superbus]W94
| |--‘Chicomurex’ laciniatus (Sowerby 1841) [=Phyllonotus laciniatus]W94
| `--C. (C.) turschi Houart 1981BC01
`--C. (Triplex Perry 1810)BC01
|--‘Murex’ palmarosae Lamarck 1822 [incl. *Triplex foliatus Perry 1810 (nom. rej.)]RA75
|--C. (T.) cosmani Abbott & Finlay 1979BC01
|--C. (T.) forsterorum Houart 1989BC01
`--C. (T.) subpalmatus Houart 1988BC01

Chicoreus incertae sedis:
C. akritos Radwin & D’Attilio 1976W94
C. asianusZLK11
C. axicornis Lamarck 1822WG71
C. banksii (Sowerby 1841)W94
C. brunneus (Link 1807) [incl. C. adustus Lamarck 1822, C. despectus Adams 1854]W94
C. capucinus (Lamarck 1822) (see below for synonymy)W94
C. carolinae (Vokes 1990)S11 [=Chicoreus (Siratus) carolynaeV90]
C. cervicornis (Lamarck 1822)WG71
C. coltrorum (Vokes 1991)S11
C. cornucervi (Röding 1798)WG71 (see below for synonymy)
C. damicornis (Hedley 1903)W94
C. denudatus (Perry 1811)WG71 (see below for synonymy)
C. dilectus (Adams 1855)BC01 [=C. florifer dilectusD88]
C. floriferD88
C. huttoniae Wright 1879WG71
C. longicornis (Dunker 1864) [incl. C. kurranulla Garrard 1961, C. recticornis von Martens 1880]W94
C. microphyllus (Lamarck 1816) [incl. C. torrefactus Sowerby 1840]W94
C. palmarosae (Lamarck 1822)W94
C. perelegans Vokes 1965V90
C. rachelcarsonae Petuch 1987PMB15, BC01
C. rubiginosus (Reeve 1845)WG71
C. spectrum (Reeve 1846)S11
C. steeriae Reeve 1845WG71
C. strigatus (Reeve 1849) [incl. C. multitrondosus Sowerby 1879, C. penchinati Crosse 1861]W94
C. territus (Reeve 1845)WG71
C. trivialis (Adams 1854)W94

Chicoreus Montfort 1810BR05 [=Chicoracea Griffith & Pidgeon 1834BR05; incl. Euphyllon Jousseaume 1880RA75, Frondosaria Schlüter 1838RA75, Torvamurex Iredale 1936RA75; Varicosa]

Chicoreus capucinus (Lamarck 1822) [=Naquetia capucina; incl. C. bitubercualtus Baker 1891, C. permaestus Hedley 1915]W94

Chicoreus cornucervi (Röding 1798)WG71 [=Murex cornucerviRA75, Purpura cornucerviH09; incl. M. calcitrapaG79, M. elongatusG79, M. monodon Sowerby 1825WG71, *Euphyllon monodonRA75, M. purpuratusG79]

Chicoreus denudatus (Perry 1811)WG71 [=Triplex denudatusRA75, Murex denudatusH09, *Torvamurex denudatusRA75; incl. Chicoreus australiensis Adams 1854W94, C. corrugatus Sowerby 1841W94, C. extraneus Iredale 1936WG71, C. immunitus Iredale 1936W94, C. palmiferus Sowerby 1841W94]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BC01] Boyko, C. B., & J. R. Cordeiro. 2001. Catalog of Recent type specimens in the Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History. V. Mollusca, part 2 (class Gastropoda [exclusive of Opisthobranchia and Pulmonata], with supplements to Gastropoda [Opisthobranchia], and Bivalvia). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 262: 1–170.

[D88] D’Asaro, C. N. 1988. Micromorphology of neogastropod egg capsules. Nautilus 102 (4): 134–148.

[G79] Guppy, R. J. L. 1879. First sketch of a marine invertebrate fauna of the Gulf of Paria and its neighbourhood. Part I.—Mollusca. Journal of Conchology 2: 151–172.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[PMB15] Petuch, E. J., R. F. Myers & D. P. Berschauer. 2015. The Living and Fossil Busycon Whelks: Iconic Mollusks of Eastern North America. San Diego Shell Club, Inc.

[P71] Por, F. D. 1971. One hundred years of Suez Canal—a century of Lessepsian migration: retrospect and viewpoints. Systematic Zoology 20 (2): 138–159.

[RA75] Radwin, G. E., & A. D’Attilio. 1975. A catalogue of muricacean generic taxa. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 17 (20): 279–292.

[S11] Simone, L. R. L. 2011. Phylogeny of the Caenogastropoda (Mollusca), based on comparative morphology. Arquivos de Zoologia 42 (4): 161–323.

[V90] Vokes, E. H. 1990. Two new species of Chicoreus subgenus Siratus (Gastropoda: Muricidae) from northeastern Brazil. Nautilus 103 (4): 124–130.

[W94] Wilson, B. 1994. Australian Marine Shells vol. 2. Prosobranch Gastropods. Part Two (Neogastropods). Odyssey Publishing: Kallaroo (Western Australia).

[WG71] Wilson, B. R., & K. Gillett. 1971. Australian Shells: illustrating and describing 600 species of marine gastropods found in Australian waters. A. H. & A. W. Reed: Sydney.

[ZLK11] Zou, S., Q. Li & L. Kong. 2011. Additional gene data and increased sampling give new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of Neogastropoda, within the caenogastropod phylogenetic framework. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 425–435.

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