Choreotrichida

Tintinnopsis beroidea, from Calkins (1902).

Belongs within: Oligotrichea.
Contains: Strombidinopsidae, Strobilidiidae.

The Choreotrichida are a group of ciliates united by a closed adoral zone of membranelles (secondarily opened slightly in Parastrombidinopsis) and hypoapokinetal stomatogenesis in a pouch (Agatha & Strüder-Kypke 2007).

Choreotrichida [Choreotrichia, Strobilidiina] AS-K07
    |  i. s.: Climacocylis AS-K07
    |         Codonaria AS-K07
    |         Proplectella AS-K07
    |         Undella AS-K07
    |         Xystonella AS-K07
    |–Leegaardiella Lynn & Montagnes 1988 [Leegaardiellidae] AS-K07
    |    |–L. ovalis Lynn & Montagnes 1988 AS-K07
    |    `–+–L. elbraechteri Petz et al. 1995 AS-K07
    |       `–L. sol Lynn & Montagnes 1988 AS-K07
    `–+–Strombidinopsidae AS-K07
       `–+–+–Strobilidiidae AS-K07
          |  `–Lohmanniella Leegaard 1915 [Lohmanniellidae] AS-K07
          |       |–*L. oviformis Leegaard 1915 AS-K07
          |       `–L. glacicola (Petz, Song & Wilbert 1995) [=Rimostrombidium glacicolum] AS-K07
          `–Tintinnina AS-K07
               |  i. s.: Petalotricha A04
               |           |–P. ampulla A04
               |           `–P. galea H04
               |         Cyttarocylis B26
               |           |–C. brandti A04
               |           |–C. cistellula H04
               |           |–C. denticulata B26
               |           |–C. ehrenbergi B26
               |           |–C. serrata B26
               |           `–C. subulata B26
               |         Parafavella denticulata AS-K07
               |         Salpingacantha Kofoid & Campbell 1929 AS-K07
               |         Amphorellopsis acuta (Schmidt 1901) AS-K07
               |         Metacylis angulata AS-K07
               |         Rhabdonella hebe AS-K07
               |         Cercidina Vogler 1941 LT64
               |           `–*C. supracretacea Vogler 1941 LT64
               |         Dictyocysta H04
               |           |–D. templum H04
               |           `–D. tiara H04
               |–Tintinnidiidae AS-K07
               |    |–Membranicola Foissner et al. 1999 AS-K07
               |    |    `–M. tamari Foissner et al. 1999 AS-K07
               |    `–Tintinnidium Kent 1881 AS-K07
               |         |  i. s.: T. mucicola AS-K07
               |         |–T. (Tintinnidium) AS-K07
               |         |    |–*T. (T.) fluviatile (Stein 1863) [=Tintinnus fluviatilis] AS-K07
               |         |    `–T. (T.) pusillum Entz 1909 AS-K07
               |         `–+–‘Tintinnopsis’ cylindrata Kofoid & Campbell 1929 AS-K07
               |            `–T. (Semitintinnidium Agatha & Strüder-Kypke 2007 AS-K07
               |                 `–T. (*S.) semiciliatum (Sterki 1879) [=Tintinnus semiciliatus] AS-K07
               `–+–Nolaclusilis Snyder & Brownlee 1991 [Nolaclusiliidae] AS-K07
                  |    |–N. bicornis Snyder & Brownlee 1991 AS-K07
                  |    `–N. hudsonicus Sniezek et al. 1991 AS-K07
                  `–+–Favella AS-K07
                     |    |–F. ehrenbergii AS-K07
                     |    `–F. panamensis AS-K07
                     |–Eutintinnus Kofoid & Campbell 1939 [Tintinnidae] AS-K07
                     |    |–E. angustatus (Daday 1887) AS-K07
                     |    |–E. pectinis (Kofoid & Campbell 1929) AS-K07
                     |    `–E. tenuis (Kofoid & Campbell 1929) AS-K07
                     `–+–‘Tintinnopsis’ brasiliensis Kofoid & Campbell 1929 AS-K07
                        `–+–Codonellopsidae AS-K07
                           |    |–Stenosemella Jörgensen 1924 AS-K07
                           |    |    `–S. nivalis (Meunier 1910) AS-K07
                           |    `–Codonellopsis Jörgensen 1924 AS-K07
                           |         |–C. americana AS-K07
                           |         `–C. glacialis (Laackmann 1907) AS-K07
                           |–Ptychocylididae AS-K07
                           |    |–Ptychocylis AS-K07
                           |    `–Cymatocylis Laackmann 1910 AS-K07
                           |         |–C. affinis AS-K07
                           |         |–C. calyciformis (Laackmann 1907) AS-K07
                           |         `–C. convallaria Laackmann 1910 AS-K07
                           `–Codonellidae AS-K07
                                |–‘Stenosemella’ lacustris Foissner & O’Donoghue 1990 AS-K07
                                |–Codonella Haeckel 1873 AS-K07
                                |    |–C. campanella H04
                                |    |–C. cratera (Leidy 1877) AS-K07
                                |    `–C. lacustris [incl. C. eupelagica] D01
                                `–Tintinnopsis Stein 1867 AS-K07
                                     |–*T. beroidea AS-K07
                                     |–T. campanula (Ehrenberg 1840) AS-K07
                                     |–T. cylindrica Daday 1887 AS-K07
                                     |–T. dadayi AS-K07
                                     |–T. entzii SX97
                                     |–T. fimbriata Meunier 1919 AS-K07
                                     |–T. ovata D01
                                     |–T. tocantinensis AS-K07
                                     |–T. tubulosoides Meunier 1910 AS-K07
                                     `–T. ventricosa B26

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[A04] Agatha, S. 2004. A cladistic approach for the classification of oligotrichid ciliates (Ciliophora: Spirotricha). Acta Protozoologica 43: 201–217.

[AS-K07] Agatha, S., & M. C. Strüder-Kypke. 2007. Phylogeny of the order Choreotrichida (Ciliophora, Spirotricha, Oligotrichea) as inferred from morphology, ultrastructure, ontogenesis, and SSrRNA genes sequences. European Journal of Protistology 43 (1): 37–63.

[B26] Bigelow, H. B. 1926. Plankton of the offshore waters of the Gulf of Maine. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 40 (2): 1–509.

[D01] Daday, E. 1901. Édesvizi mikroszkópi állatok [Mikroskopische Süsswasserthiere]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 375–470. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[LT64] Loeblich, A. R., Jr & H. Tappan. 1964. Sarcodina: chiefly “thecamoebians” and Foraminiferida. In Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt C. Protista 2 vol. 2. The Geological Society of America and The University of Kansas Press.

[SX97] Song B. & Xie P. 1997. Preliminary studies on the community structure of the planktonic protozoa from the outlet of Lake Dongting. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica 21 (Suppl.): 60–68.

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