Chremistica ochracea, copyright KUO1968.

Belongs within: Clypeata.
Contains: Cicada (Mannifera), Cicada (Spumans).

The Cicadidae include the large cicadas, characterised by the presence in males a pair of covers completely or partially covering the tymbal drum. Members include the periodical cicadas (Magicicada spp.) of North America, famed for their mass synchronous emergences after multi-year growth periods. Males of the Australian genera Arunta and Thopha have remarkable dome-like tymbal covers (Carver et al. 1991). Cyclochila australasiae is a common species in eastern Australia whose loud calls have given it the vernacular name of ‘green grocer’.

<==Cicadidae [Cicadinae]
|--Rhodopsalta cruentataWFS04
|--Mogannia sesioidesZA05
|--Tanna Distant 1905OK06
|--Platypedia primigeniaGE05
|--Maua quadrituberculataZA05
|--Trengganua sibyllaZA05
|--Cacama valvataC90
|--Guineapsaltria flavaZS10
|--Illyria majorMC13
|--Cyclochila australasiaeCGW91
|--Parnkalla muelleriCGW91
|--Cosmopsaltria vitiensis (Distant 1906) [=Sawda vitiensis]K08
|--Acanthodelphax denticaudiW96
|--Henicopsaltria perulataE66
| |--D. apacheC90
| `--D. semicinctaVLM14
| |--T. saccataWEE70
| `--T. sessilibaZS10
| |--C. aquilaZA05
| `--C. robinsoniZA05
| |--P. adustaZA05
| `--P. imperatoriaZA05
| |--P. albivannata Hayashi 1974I92
| |--P. kaempferiZA05
| `--P. pulvereaE66
| |--M. angularis [=Cicada angularis]K08
| |--M. extremaMC13
| `--M. intersectaZS10
| |--P. abdullaZA05
| |--P. flavidaZA05
| `--P. spinosaZA05
| |--D. euterpeZA05
| |--D. jacoonaZA05
| |--D. rufivenaZA05
| `--D. vaginataZA05
| |--O. paddaZA05
| |--O. ruslani Duffels & Zaidi 1998ZA05
| |--O. saudarapadda Duffels & Zaidi 1998ZA05
| `--O. vanbreei Duffels & Zaidi 1999ZA05
| |--E. chibensisI92
| | |--E. c. chibensisI92
| | `--E. c. daitoensis Matusumura 1917I92
| `--E. inanulata Kishida 1929TYM08
|--Rhadinopyga Duffels 1985DB93
|--Diceropyga Stål 1870D14, DB93
| |--D. distansK08
| |--D. poecilochlora (Walk. 1858) [=Dundubia poecilochlora]D14
| `--D. stuarti (Distant 1882) [=Cosmopsaltria stuarti]K08
| |--M. ampbelliHR11
| |--M. cassiopeO81
| |--M. clamitansO81
| |--M. nigra (Myers 1921)H82
| `--M. oromelaenaO81
| |--M. cassiniS79
| |--M. septendecimS79
| |--M. septendeculaS79
| |--M. tredecassiniS79
| |--M. tredecimS79
| `--M. tredeculaS79
| |--P. carmenteZA05
| |--P. nebulilineaZA05
| |--P. obducta Schouten & Duffels 2002ZA05
| |--P. sagittata Schouten & Duffels 2002ZA05
| |--P. tigrinaZA05
| `--P. ubinaZA05
| |--C. bilobaYZ05
| |--C. bimaculataYZ05
| |--C. germanaYZ05
| |--C. guamusangensis Salmah & Zaidi 2002ZA05
| |--C. kecilYZ05
| |--C. minorYZ05
| |--C. mixtaYZ05
| |--C. nesiotesYZ05
| |--C. ochraceaYZ05
| |--C. pontianaka [=Cicada pontianaka]YZ05
| |--C. siamensisYZ05
| |--C. tridentigeraYZ05
| |--C. umbrosaYZ05
| `--C. viridisYZ05
`--Cicada Linnaeus 1758L58
| i. s.: C. chlorogaster Boisduval 1835B35
| C. dichroa Boisduval 1835B35
| C. didyma Boisduval 1835B35
| C. doryca Boisduval 1835B35
| C. haematodesR26
| C. knowlesi Distant 1907K08
| C. kuruduadua Distant 1881K08
| C. lowei Etheridge & Olliff 1890F71
| C. plebejaE66
| C. tephrogaster Boisduval 1835B35
| C. tredecimD37
| C. zelandica Boisduval 1835B35
|--C. (Cruciata Linnaeus 1758)L58
| |--C. (C.) aurita Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (C.) cornuta Linnaeus 1758L58
| `--C. (C.) crux Linnaeus 1758L58
|--C. (Deflexa Linnaeus 1758)L58
| |--C. (D.) aurata Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (D.) flava Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (D.) lanata Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (D.) phalaenoides Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (D.) rosae Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (D.) rubra Linnaeus 1758L58
| `--C. (D.) ulmi Linnaeus 1758L58
|--C. (Foliacea Linnaeus 1758)L58
| |--C. (F.) foliata Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (F.) fronditia Linnaeus 1758L58
| `--C. (F.) squamigera Linnaeus 1758L58
|--C. (Mannifera)L58
|--C. (Noctiluca Linnaeus 1758)L58
| |--C. (N.) candelaria Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (N.) lanternaria Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (N.) lucernaria Linnaeus 1758L58
| |--C. (N.) noctivida Linnaeus 1758L58
| `--C. (N.) phosphorea Linnaeus 1758L58
`--C. (Spumans)L58

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[C90] Crawford, C. S. 1990. Scorpiones, Solifugae, and associated desert taxa. In: Dindal, D. L. (ed.) Soil Biology Guide pp. 421–475. John Wiley & Sones: New York.

[DB93] De Boer, A. J. 1993. Ten species added to the genus Aedeastria De Boer, 1990, with the description of eight new species and notes on the taxonomy and biogeography (Homoptera, Tibicinidae). Beaufortia 43 (9): 140–167.

[D14] Distant, W. L. 1914. Rhynchota from New Caledonia and the surrounding islands. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 4 pp. 369–390, pls 11–12. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[E66] Evans, H. E. 1966. The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of the Sand Wasps. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H82] Helmore, D. W. 1982. Drawings of New Zealand insects. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 8: 1–52.

[HR11] Heraty, J., F. Ronquist, J. M. Carpenter, D. Hawks, S. Schulmeister, A. P. Dowling, D. Murray, J. Munro, W. C. Wheeler, N. Schiff & M. Sharkey. 2011. Evolution of the hymenopteran megaradiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 60: 73–88.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[O81] O’Brien, C. O. 1981. A. A. Book of New Zealand Wildlife: A guide to the native and introduced animals of New Zealand. Lansdowne Press: Auckland.

[OK06] Özdikmen, H., & A. B. Kury. 2006. Three homonymous generic names in Araneae and Opiliones. Journal of Arachnology 34 (1): 279–280.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[S79] Simon, C. M. 1979. Evolution of periodical cicadas: phylogenetic inferences based on allozymic data. Systematic Zoology 28 (1): 22–39.

[TYM08] Tennent, W. J., M. Yasuda & K. Morimoto. 2008. Lansania Journal of arachnology and zoology—a rare and obscure Japanese natural history journal. Archives of Natural History 35 (2): 252–280.

[VLM14] Van Leuven, J. T., R. C. Meister, C. Simon & J. P. McCutcheon. 2014. Sympatric speciation in a bacterial endosymbiont results in two genomes with the functionality of one. Cell 158: 1270–1280.

[W96] Wendt, F.-E. 1996. On the ecophysiology of four species of the Erythraeinae (Prostigmata: Parasitengonae) with special regard to osmotic regulation. In: Mitchell, R., D. J. Horn, G. R. Needham & W. C. Welbourn (eds) Acarology IX vol. 1. Proceedings pp. 697–701. Ohio Biological Survey: Columbus (Ohio).

[WFS04] Winks, C. J., S. V. Fowler & L. A. Smith. 2004. Invertebrate fauna of boneseed, Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera (L.) T. Norl. (Asteraceae: Calenduleae), an invasive weed in New Zealand. New Zealand Entomologist 27: 61–72.

[WEE70] Woodward, T. E., J. W. Evans & V. F. Eastop. 1970. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 387–457. Melbourne University Press.

[YZ05] Yaakop, S., & M. I. Zaidi. 2005. Dorsal process of aedeagus of Chremistica Stal (Homoptera: Cicadidae) from Malaysia. Serangga 10 (1–2): 59–65.

[ZA05] Zaidi, M. I., & S. Azman. 2005. Cicada fauna (Homoptera: Cicadoidea) of the National Park of Peninsular Malaysia. Serangga 10 (1–2): 49–58.

[ZS10] Zborowski, P., & R. Storey. 2010. A Field Guide to Insects in Australia 3rd ed. Reed New Holland: Sydney.

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