Collared reed snake Calamaria pavimentata, copyright Rushenb.
Belongs within: Caenophidia.
Contains: Thamnophis, Lampropeltis, Pseudorabdion, Natricinae, Xenodontinae, Colubrinae.

The Colubridae are a cosmopolitan group of snakes, including both non-venomous and rear-fanged venomous species, characterised by the presence of solid teeth on the maxilla, palatine, pterygoid and dentary, but never on the premaxilla.

|–+–Natricinae VH02
|  `–+–Pseudoxenodon karlschmidti VH02
|     `–Xenodontinae VH02
`–+–Grayia ornata VH02
`–+–Colubrinae VH02
`–Calamariinae VH02
|–Oreocalamus hanitschi VH02
`–Calamaria VH02
|–C. babia S60
|–C. favae de Filippi 1840 (n. d.) [=Atractus favae] S60
|–C. pavimentata VH02
|–C. pfefferi Stejneger 1901 I92
`–C. stahlknechti M89

Colubridae incertae sedis:
Thamnophis VH02
Dendrophidion dendrophis DS86
Drymarchon corais DS86
Drymobius rhombifer DS86
Drymoluber dichrous DS86
Leptophis DS86
|–L. abaetulla DS86
|    |–L. a. abaetulla DS86
|    `–L. a. nigromarginatus DS86
|–L. cupreus DS86
`–L. mexicanus M86
Pseustes DS86
|–P. poecilonotus DS86
|    |–P. p. poecilonotus DS86
|    `–P. p. polylepis DS86
|–P. sexcarinatus DS86
`–P. sulphureus DS86
Spilotes pullatus DS86
Xenopholis scalaris DS86
Psomophis C07
Coronella austriaca Laurenti 1768 BB03 [=Coluber austriacus K08]
Texasophis Holman 1977 RB05
|–*T. fossilis Holman 1977 SH96
|–T. bohemiacus RB05
|–T. galbreathi Holman 1984 SH96
`–T. meini Rage & Holman 1984 RB05
Dromicus H81
|–D. cursor (Lacépède 1789) [=Leimadophis cursor] H81
`–D. ornatus Garman 1887 [=Leimadophis ornatus] H81
Phalotris JK08
|–P. cuyanus (Cei 1984) JK08
|–P. lemniscatus (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854) JK08
|–P. matogrossensis Lema, D’Agostini & Cappellari 2005 JK08
|–P. mertensi (Hoge 1955) JK08
|–P. nasutus (Gomes 1915) JK08
|–P. sansebastiani Jansen & Köhler 2008 JK08
`–P. tricolor (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854) [incl. P. punctatus (Lema 1979)] JK08
Elapomorphus JK08
|–E. mertensi Hoge 1955 H55
`–E. tricolor H55
Dendrophis R13
|–D. calligaster R13
|–D. caudolineata M89
`–D. picta M89
Trimorphodon biscutatus N10
Pituophis GWN71
|–P. catenifer OB11
`–P. melanoleucus GWN71
Apostolepis G11
Lytorhynchus diadema [incl. L. kennedyi Schmidt 1939] A-O00
Dendrelaphis Boulenger 1890 C18
|–D. calligastra (Günther 1867) C18
|–D. caudolineatus VH02
|–D. modestus B28
|–D. pictus VH02
`–D. punctulatus (Gray 1826) C18
Lampropeltis G88
Aspidura trachyprocta CD88
Afronatrix anoscopus B06
Stegonotus Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854 C18
|–S. cucullatus (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril 1854) C18
`–S. parvus (Meyer 1874) C18
Tropidonophis Jan 1863 C18
`–T. mairii (Gray 1841) C18
|–T. m. mairii C18
`–T. m. brongersmai C18
Pantherophis guttata C18
Zamenis SBM01
|–Z. andreana SBM01
`–Z. dipsas B28
Ninia sebae M86
Pseudorabdion IL61

*Type species of generic name indicated


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[IL61] Inger, R. F., & A. E. Leviton. 1961. A new colubrid snake the genus Pseudorabdion from Sumatra. Fieldiana: Zoology 44 (5): 45–47.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JK08] Jansen, M., & G. Köhler. 2008. A new species of Phalotris from the eastern lowlands of Bolivia (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 103–110.

[K08] Korsós, Z. 2008. History of the herpetological collection of the Hungarian Natural History Museum. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 37–93.

[M86] McCoy, C. J. 1986. Results of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History expeditions to Belize. I. Systematic status and geographic distribution of Sibon neilli (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annals of Carnegie Museum 55 (6): 117–123.

[M89] Modigliani, E. 1889. Materiali per la fauna erpetologica dell’isola Nias. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 113–124.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

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[RB05] Rage, J.-C., & S. Bailon. 2005. Amphibians and squamate reptiles from the late early Miocene (MN 4) of Béon 1 (Montréal-du-Gers, southwestern France). Geodiversitas 27 (3): 413–441.

[R13] Roux, J. 1913. Les reptiles de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et des îles Loyalty. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 2 pp. 79–160. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[S60] Savage, J. M. 1960. A revision of the Ecuadorian snakes of the colubrid genus Atractus. Miscellaneous Publications Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 112: 1–86.

[SBM01] Schätti, B., I. Baran & P. Maunoir. 2001. Taxonomie, Morphologie und Verbreitung der Masken-Schlanknatter Coluber (s. l.) collaris (Müller, 1878). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 108 (1): 11–30.

[SH96] Sullivan, R. M., & J. A. Holman. 1996. Squamata. In: Prothero, D. R., & R. J. Emry (eds) The Terrestrial Eocene–Oligocene Transition in North America pp. 354–372. Cambridge University Press.

[VH02] Vidal, N., & S. B. Hedges. 2002. Higher-level relationships of caenophidian snakes inferred from four nuclear and mitochondrial genes. Comptes Rendus Biologies 325: 987–995.

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