Comamonadaceae

Cells of Comamonas testosteroni, from Weiss et al. (2013).

Belongs within: Burkholderiales.

The Comamonadaceae are a diverse group of mostly aerobic and heterotrophic bacteria that are united by molecular phylogenetic analyses.

<==Comamonadaceae
    |  i. s.: AquabacteriumGH01
    |         Thiomonas thermosulfataGH01, MK03
    |         Ottowia Spring, Jäckel et al. 2004SJ04
    |           `--*O. thiooxydans Spring, Jäckel et al. 2004SJ04
    |         Hylemonella Spring, Jäckel et al. 2004SJ04
    |           `--*H. gracilis (Canale-Parola et al.) Spring, Jäckel et al. 2004 (see below for synonymy)SJ04
    |--+--Caldimonas Takeda, Kamagata et al. 2002TK02
    |  |    `--*C. manganoxidans Takeda, Kamagata et al. 2002TK02
    |  `--+--+--Ideonella dechloratansTK02
    |     |  `--+--‘Alcaligenes’ latus Palleroni & Palleroni 1978TK02, AS92
    |     |     `--Rubrivivax gelatinosusTK02 [=Rhodocyclus gelatinosusI01, Rhodopseudomonas gelatinosaI01]
    |     `--+--Roseateles depolymeransTK02
    |        `--LeptothrixTK02
    |            |  i. s.: L. lopholeaPHK96
    |            |         L. ochraceaSJ92
    |            |--+--L. cholodniiTK02
    |            |  `--L. mobilisTK02
    |            `--+--L. discophoraTK02
    |               `--Sphaerotilus natansTK02
    `--+--TepidimonasTK02
       |    |--T. aquatica Freitas, Rainey et al. 2003VP IJSEM03
       |    `--T. ignavaTK02
       `--+--+--Variovorax paradoxusSJ04
          |  `--+--PolaromonasJP04
          |     |    |--P. naphthalenivorans Jeon, Park et al. 2004JP04
          |     |    `--P. vacuolataTK02
          |     `--+--‘Aquaspirillum’ delicatumJP04
          |        `--RhodoferaxSJ04
          |             |--R. fermentansMSF03
          |             `--R. ferrireducensSJ04
          `--+--RamlibacterSJ04
             |    |--R. henchirensisSJ04
             |    `--R. tataouinensisSJ04
             `--+--+--Xenophilus azovoransSJ04
                |  `--+--HydrogenophagaMSF03
                |     |    |--H. intermedia Contzen et al. 2001MSF03, JC08
                |     |    `--+--+--*H. flava (Niklewski) Willems et al. 1979AS92, MSF03, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                |     |       |  `--H. pseudoflava (Auling et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                |     |       `--+--H. palleronii (Davis et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                |     |          `--H. taeniospiralis (Lalucat et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                |     `--+--Delftia acidovoransMSF03
                |        `--+--Brachymonas denitrificansMSF03
                |           `--ComamonasMSF03
                |                |  i. s.: C. koreensis Chang et al. 2002JC08
                |                |--C. testosteroniMSF03
                |                `--+--C. terrigenaMSF03
                |                   `--+--C. denitrificans Gumaelius et al. 2001MSF03, JC08
                |                      `--C. nitrativoransMSF03
                `--+--Xylophilus ampelinusSJ04
                   `--+--‘Aquaspirillum’ sinuosumSJ04
                      `--Acidovorax Willems et al. 1990SJ04, AS92
                           |  i. s.: A. temperansAS92
                           |--+--+--A. anthuriiSJ04
                           |  |  `--A. valerianellaeSJ04
                           |  `--+--A. avenaeSJ04
                           |     `--A. konjaciSJ04
                           `--+--+--A. temperansSJ04
                              |  `--+--A. delafieldii (Davis et al.) Willems et al. 1990SJ04, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                              |     `--+--A. defluviiSJ04
                              |        `--A. facilis (Schatz & Bovell) Willems et al. 1990SJ04, AS92 (see below for synonymy)
                              `--+--Alicycliphilus Mechichi, Stackebrandt & Fuchs 2003SJ04, MSF03
                                 |    `--*A. denitrificans Mechichi, Stackebrandt & Fuchs 2003MSF03
                                 `--AquaspirillumSJ04
                                      |--*A. serpensSJ04
                                      |--A. autotrophicum Aragno & Schlegel 1978AS92
                                      |--A. disparZ92
                                      |--A. fasciculusSJ92
                                      |--A. itersoniiE92
                                      |--A. magnetotacticumPHK96 [=Magnetospirillum magnetotacticumALS95]
                                      |--A. metamorphumALS95
                                      |--A. peregrinumE92
                                      `--A. psychrophilumMSF03
Nomen invalidum: Rhodoferax antarcticus Madigan et al. 2001JC08

Acidovorax delafieldii (Davis et al.) Willems et al. 1990SJ04, AS92 [=Pseudomonas delafieldii Davis et al. 1970AS92]

Acidovorax facilis (Schatz & Bovell) Willems et al. 1990SJ04, AS92 [=Hydrogenomonas facilis Schatz & Bovell 1952AS92, Pseudomonas facilis (Schatz & Bovell) Davis et al. 1969AS92]

*Hydrogenophaga flava (Niklewski) Willems et al. 1979AS92, MSF03, AS92 [=Hydrogenomonas flava Niklewski 1910AS92, Pseudomonas flava (Niklewski) Davis in Davis, Doudoroff et al. 1969AS92]

Hydrogenophaga palleronii (Davis et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 [=Pseudomonas palleronii Davis et al. 1970AS92; incl. Bacillus pantotrophus Kaserer 1906 (n. d.)AS92]

Hydrogenophaga pseudoflava (Auling et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 [=Pseudomonas pseudoflava Auling et al. 1978AS92; incl. P. carboxydoflava Nozhevnikova & Zavarzin 1974 (n. n.)AS92]

Hydrogenophaga taeniospiralis (Lalucat et al.) Willems et al. 1989MSF03, AS92 [=Pseudomonas taeniospiralis Lalucat et al. 1982AS92]

*Hylemonella gracilis (Canale-Parola et al.) Spring, Jäckel et al. 2004 [=Spirillum gracile Canale-Parola et al. 1966, Aquaspirillum gracile]SJ04

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[ALS95] Amann, R. I., W. Ludwig & K.-H. Schleifer. 1995. Phylogenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation. Microbiological Reviews 59 (1): 143–169.

[AS92] Aragno, M., & H. G. Schlegel. 1992. The mesophilic hydrogen-oxidizing (knallgas) bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 344–384. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[E92] Eady, R. R. 1992. The dinitrogen-fixing bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 534–553. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[I01] Imhoff, J. F. 2001. The anoxygenic phototrophic purple bacteria. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 631–637. Springer.

[IJSEM03] IJSEM. 2003. Validation list no. 94: Validation of publication of new names and new combinations previously effectively published outside the IJSEM. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 1701–1702.

[JP04] Jeon, C. O., W. Park, W. C. Ghiorse & E. L. Madsen. 2004. Polaromonas naphthalenivorans sp. nov., a naphthalene-degrading bacterium from naphthalene-contaminated sediment. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 93–97.

[JC08] Judicial Commission of the International Committee on Systematics of Prokaryotes. 2008. Status of strains that contravene Rules 27 (3) and 30 of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria. Opinion 81. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 58: 1755–1763.

[MSF03] Mechichi, T., E. Stackbrandt & G. Fuchs. 2003. Alicycliphilus denitrificans gen. nov., sp. nov., a cyclohexanol-degrading, nitrate-reducing β-proteobacterium. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 147–152.

[MK03] Mori, K., H. Kim, T. Kakegawa & S. Hanada. 2003. A novel lineage of sulfate-reducing microorganisms: Thermodesulfobiaceae fam. nov., Thermodesulfobium narugense, gen. nov., sp. nov., a new thermophilic isolate from a hot spring. Extremophiles 7: 283–290.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[SJ92] Schlegel, H. G., & H. W. Jannasch. 1992. Prokaryotes and their habitats. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 75–125. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[SJ04] Spring, S., U. Jäckel, M. Wagner & P. Kämpfer. 2004. Ottowia thiooxydans gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel facultatively anaerobic, N2O-producing bacterium isolated from activated sludge, and transfer of Aquaspirillum gracile to Hylemonella gracilis gen. nov., comb. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 99–106.

[TK02] Takeda, M., Y. Kamagata, W. C. Ghiorse, S. Hanada & J. Koizumi. 2002. Caldimonas manganoxidans gen. nov., sp. nov., a poly(3-hydroxybutyrate)-degrading, manganese-oxidizing thermophile. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52: 895–900.

[Z92] Zumpft, W. G. 1992. The denitrifying prokaryotes. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 554–582. Springer-Verlag: New York.

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