Commelinidae

 Pineapple bush Dasypogon bromeliaefolius, copyright Russell Cumming.

Belongs within: Petrosaviidae.
Contains: Poales, Commelinales, Zingiberales, Arecaceae.

The Commelinidae are a clade of monocotyledons united by the presence of UV-fluorescent ferulic acid in the cell walls. Many members of the clade also have bracteate inflorescences, starchy pollen and endosperm, and silica bodies in the plant (Cantino et al. 2007). The Dasypogonaceae are an Australian family of often xerophytic plants whose relationships within the clade have long been debated. Species are often arborescent and bear flowers in more or less dense, elongate to globose inflorescences.

<==Commelinidae [Arecanae, Commelinanae, Commeliniflorae]
    |--+--PoalesAPG16
    |  `--+--CommelinalesAPG16
    |     `--ZingiberalesAPG16
    `--ArecalesAPG16
         |--ArecaceaeAPG16
         `--Dasypogonaceae [Baxteriaceae, Calectasiaceae, Dasypogonales, Kingiaceae]APG16
              |--CalectasieaeB78
              |    |--+--Baxteria australisDS04
              |    |  `--Kingia australisDS04
              |    `--+--CalectasiaDS04
              |       |    |--C. cyanea [incl. C. grandiflora, C. intermedia]B78
              |       |    `--C. narragaraH18
              |       `--DasypogonDS04
              |            |--D. bromeliaefolius [incl. D. glaber, D. obliquifolius]B78
              |            `--D. hookeri Drumm. 1843CD07
              `--XeroteaeB78
                   |--ChamaexerosB78
                   |    |--C. fimbriata [=Xerotes fimbriata]B78
                   |    `--C. serra [=Xerotes serra]B78
                   `--XerotesB78
                        |--X. sect. CephalogyneB78
                        |    |--X. collinaB78
                        |    |--X. elongataB78
                        |    |--X. flexifolia [incl. Dracaena obliqua]B78
                        |    |--X. glaucaB78
                        |    |    |--X. g. var. glaucaB78
                        |    |    `--X. g. var. occidentalisB78
                        |    |--X. rupestrisB78
                        |    `--X. suaveolens [incl. X. umbrosa]B78
                        |--X. sect. EuxerotesB78
                        |    |--X. ser. FasciculataeB78
                        |    |    |--X. endlicheriB78
                        |    |    |--X. multiflora [incl. X. aemula, X. brownei, X. decomposita, X. distans, X. media]B78
                        |    |    |--X. preissiiB78
                        |    |    |--X. purpureaB78
                        |    |    |    |--X. p. var. purpureaB78
                        |    |    |    `--X. p. var. capitataB78
                        |    |    |--X. sericeaB78
                        |    |    `--X. sororiaB78
                        |    |--X. ser. GlomerataeB78
                        |    |    |--X. banksiiB78
                        |    |    |--X. drummondiiB78
                        |    |    |--X. duraB78
                        |    |    |--X. longifolia (see below for synonymy)B78
                        |    |    |--X. odoraB78
                        |    |    |--X. rigida [=Lomandra rigida]B78
                        |    |    `--X. sonderiB78
                        |    `--X. ser. SparsifloraeB78
                        |         |--X. caespitosaB78
                        |         |--X. effusa [incl. X. fragrans]B78
                        |         |--X. filiformis (see below for synonymy)B78
                        |         |--X. micranthaB78
                        |         |    |--X. m. var. micranthaB78
                        |         |    `--X. m. var. sororia non X. sororiaB78
                        |         `--X. pauciflora [incl. X. asparagoides, X. graminea]B78
                        |--X. (sect. Macrostachya) hastilisB78
                        |--X. sect. SchoenoxerosB78
                        |    |--X. junceaB78
                        |    `--X. sparteaB78
                        `--X. (sect. Typhopsis) leucocephala [incl. X. filamentosa, X. typhina]B78

Xerotes filiformis [=Dracaena filiformis; incl. X. denticulata, X. gracilis, X. laxa, X. tenuifolia, X. thunbergii]B78

Xerotes longifolia [=Lomandra longifolia; incl. X. arenaria, X. fluviatilis, X. hystrix, X. montana]B78

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[APG16] Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 1–20.

[B78] Bentham, G. 1878. Flora Australiensis: A description of the plants of the Australian Territory vol. 7. Roxburghiaceae to Filices. L. Reeve & Co.: London.

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[DS04] Davis, J. I., D. W. Stevenson, G. Petersen, O. Seberg, L. M. Campbell, J. V. Freudenstein, D. H. Goldman, C. R. Hardy, F. A. Michelangeli, M. P. Simmons, C. D. Specht, F. Vergara-Silva & M. Gandolfo. 2004. A phylogeny of the monocots, as inferred from rbcL and atpA sequence variation, and a comparison of methods for calculating jackknife and bootstrap values. Systematic Botany 29 (3): 467–510.

[H18] Houston, T. 2018. A Guide to Native Bees of Australia. CSIRO Publishing.

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