Compsocrinina

Periechocrinus costatus, from here.

Belongs within: Eucamerata.
Contains: Hexacrinitidae, Acrocrinidae, Dichocrinidae, Carpocrinidae, Batocrinidae, Actinocrinitidae, Periechocrinidae.

The Periechocrinacea are a group of crinoids known from the Silurian to the Upper Permian (Ubaghs 1978b).

Compsocrinina [Disjuncta, Xenocrinacea]
    |  i. s.: Cerasmocrinus Strimple & Leverson 1973WM03
    |           `--‘Hexacrinites’ springeri Thomas 1924WM03
    |         *Celtocrinus ubaghsi Donovan & Cope 1989A98, SG93
    |         NeocamptocrinusSG93
    |--Xenocrinus Miller 1881U78b [XenocrinidaeUL78]
    |    |--*X. penicillus Miller 1881U78b
    |    `--X. multiramusBLWR78
    `--+--+--Hexacrinitacea [Hexacriniticae]UL78
       |  |    |--HexacrinitidaeUL78
       |  |    |--+--AcrocrinidaeUL78
       |  |    |  `--DichocrinidaeUL78
       |  |    `--ParahexacrinidaeUL78
       |  |         |--Amonohexacrinus Shevchenko 1967EB01
       |  |         |    `--*A. adelius Shevchenko 1967U78b
       |  |         |--Parahexacrinus Shevchenko 1967EB01
       |  |         |    `--*P. fungiformis Shevchenko 1967U78b
       |  |         `--Agathocrinus Shevchenko 1967U78b
       |  |              |--*A. globosus Shevchenko 1967U78b
       |  |              `--A. junggarensisWM03
       |  `--CarpocrinaceaUL78
       |       |  i. s.: Sunwaptacrinus Laudon, Parks & Spreng 1952U78b
       |       |           `--*S. brazeauensis Laudon, Parks & Spreng 1952U78b
       |       |--CarpocrinidaeUL78
       |       `--+--BatocrinidaeUL78
       |          `--CoelocrinidaeUL78
       |               |--Coelocrinus Meek & Worthen 1865 [=Sphaerocrinus Meek & Worthen 1865 non Roemer 1851]U78b
       |               |    `--*C. concavus (Meek & Worthen 1861) (see below for synonymy)U78b
       |               |--Aorocrinus Wachsmuth & Springer 1897U78b
       |               |    `--*A. immaturus (Wachsmuth & Springer in Miller 1889) [=Dorycrinus immaturus]U78b
       |               |--Agaricocrinus Hall 1858 (see below for synonymy)U78b
       |               |    |--*A. tuberosus Hall 1858U78b
       |               |    `--A. inflatusU78a
       |               `--Dorycrinus Roemer 1854U78b
       |                    |--*D. mississippiensis Roemer 1854U78b
       |                    |--D. missouriensisU78a
       |                    `--D. quinquelobusU78a
       `--+--Abacocrinus Angelin 1878U78b [AbacocrinidaeUL78]
          |    `--*A. tesseracontadactylus Goldfuss 1831 [=Actinocrinites tesseracontadactylus]U78b
          |--TanaocrinidaeUL78
          |    |--Canistrocrinus Wachsmuth & Springer 1885EB01 (see below for synonymy)
          |    |    |--*C. richardsoni (Wetherby 1880) [=Glyptocrinus richardsoni]U78b
          |    |    `--‘*Tanaocrinus’ typus Wachsmuth & Springer 1897U78b
          |    `--Compsocrinus Miller 1883EB01
          |         |--*C. harrisi (Miller 1881)EB01 [=Glyptocrinus harrisiU78b]
          |         |--C. miamiensis Miller 1883EB01
          |         |--C. nodosus Brower 1973EB01
          |         `--C. relictus Eckert & Brett 2001EB01
          `--Periechocrinacea [Actinocrinites, Periechocrinicae, Periechocrinites, Periechocriniticae]UL78
               |--ActinocrinitidaeU78b
               |--PeriechocrinidaeWM03
               |--AmphoracrinidaeU78b
               |    |--Amphoracrinus Austin 1848U78b
               |    |    `--*A. gilbertsoni Miller in Phillips 1836 [=Actinocrinus gilbertsoni]U78b
               |    |--Ectocrinus Wright 1955U78b
               |    |    `--*E. olla (McCoy 1849) [=Actinocrinus (Amphoracrinus) olla]U78b
               |    `--Pimlicocrinus Wright 1943U78b
               |         `--*P. clitheroensis (Wright 1942) [=Amphoracrinus clitheroensis]U78b
               `--ParagaricocrinidaeU78b
                    |--Paragaricocrinus Yakovlev 1934U78b
                    |    `--*P. mediterraneus Yakovlev 1934U78b
                    |--Iberocrinus Sieverts-Doreck 1951U78b
                    |    `--*I. multibrachiatus Sieverts-Doreck 1951U78b
                    |--Wannerocrinus Marez Oyens 1940U78b
                    |    `--*W. glans Marez Oyens 1940U78b
                    `--Megaliocrinus Moore & Laudon 1942U78b
                         |--*M. aplatus Moore & Laudon 1942U78b
                         `--M. exotericus Strimple 1951U78b

Agaricocrinus Hall 1858 [=Agaricocrinites Troost 1850 (n. n.), Agaricronites Troost 1850 (n. n.)]U78b

Canistrocrinus Wachsmuth & Springer 1885EB01 [=Canistocrinus (l. c.)U78b; incl. Tanaocrinus Wachsmuth & Springer 1897U78b]

*Coelocrinus concavus (Meek & Worthen 1861) [=Actinocrinus (Amphoracrinus) concavus, *Sphaerocrinus concavus]U78b

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A98] Ausich, W. I. 1998. Early phylogeny and subclass division of the Crinoidea (phylum Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 72 (3): 499–510.

[BLWR78] Brower, J. C., N. G. Lane & H. Wienberg Rasmussen. 1978. Postlarval ontogeny of fossil crinoids. In: Moore, R. C., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt T. Echinodermata 2. Crinoidea vol. 1 pp. T244–T274. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[EB01] Eckert, J. D., & C. E. Brett. 2001. Early Silurian (Llandovery) crinoids from the Lower Clinton Group, western New York State. Bulletins of American Paleontology 360: 1–88.

[SG93] Simms, M. J., A. S. Gale, P. Gilliland, E. P. F. Rose & G. D. Sevastopulo. 1993. Echinodermata. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 491–528. Chapman & Hall: London.

[U78a] Ubaghs, G. 1978a. Skeletal morphology of fossil crinoids. In: Moore, R. C., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt T. Echinodermata 2. Crinoidea vol. 1 pp. T58–T216. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[U78b] Ubaghs, G. 1978b. Camerata. In: Moore, R. C., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt T. Echinodermata 2. Crinoidea vol. 2 pp. T408–T519. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[UL78] Ubaghs, G., N. G. Lane, H. Wienberg Rasmussen & H. L. Strimple. 1978. Evolution. In: Moore, R. C., & C. Teichert (eds) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt T. Echinodermata 2. Crinoidea vol. 2 pp. T275–T316. The Geological Society of America, Inc.: Boulder (Colorado), and The University of Kansas: Lawrence (Kansas).

[WM03] Waters, J. A., C. G. Maples, N. G. Lane, S. Marcus, Liao Z.-T., Liu L., Hou H.-F. & Wang J.-X. 2003. A quadrupling of Famennian pelmatozoan diversity: new Late Devonian blastoids and crinoids from northwest China. Journal of Paleontology 77 (5): 922–948.

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