Conocephalinae

Conocephalus maculatus, from here.

Belongs within: Tettigonioidea.

The Conocephalinae is a diverse group of orthopterans including the snout-snosed and meadow katydids. Nymphs of the Conocephalini, the meadow katydids, are often predaceous and may act as predators of crop pests, though their value is somewhat counter-acted by the feeding of the more herbivorous adults (Rentz 1996). The Copiphorini, cone-headed katydids, have a cone-shaped projection on the head protruding forward of the base of the antennae.

Characters (from Rentz 1996): Fastigium of vertex variable. Antennal sockets not strongly rimmed. Thoracic auditory opening large, elongate. Fore tibia usually with spines not unusually lengthened and not as long as combined lengths of first two tarsal segments. Male with stridulatory organ at base of tegmen.

<==Conocephalinae [Conocephalidae]
    |--ConiungopteriniR96
    |    |--Metholce nigritarsisR96
    |    |--ConiungopteraR96
    |    `--Veria colorataR96
    |--Conocephalus [Conocephalini]R96
    |    |--C. albescensR96
    |    |--C. differensB00
    |    |--C. discolourPM09
    |    |--C. maculatusBM76
    |    |--C. redtenbacheriR96
    |    |--C. saltatorRH15
    |    |--C. semivittatusR96
    |    |    |--C. s. semivittatusR96
    |    |    `--C. s. vittatusR96
    |    `--C. upoluensisR96
    |--Agraeciini [Agroeciinae]R96
    |    |--DicranocercusR96
    |    |--Coptaspis crassinervosaR96, K14
    |    |--ParalobaspisR18
    |    |    |--*P. pictaR18
    |    |    `--P. personata Rehn 1918R18
    |    |--SalomonaR96
    |    |    |--S. francoisiK14
    |    |    |--S. rouxi Karny 1914K14
    |    |    `--S. solida [incl. S. godeffroyi]K14
    |    |--AustrosalomonaR96
    |    |    |--A. falcataR96
    |    |    |--A. personafronsR96
    |    |    `--A. zentaeR96
    |    `--NicsaraR96
    |         |--N. bifasciataR96
    |         |--N. cornutaR96
    |         `--N. spuriaR96
    `--Copiphorini [Copiphorinae]R96
         |--Copiphora cornuta (DeGeer 1773) [=Locusta cornuta]R18
         |--Acantheremus elegans Karny 1907R18
         |--MygalopsisR96
         |    |--M. pauperculusR96
         |    `--M. sandowiR96
         |--NeoconocephalusR18
         |    |--N. fratellus (Griffini 1899) [=Conocephalus fratellus, C. frater Redtenbacher 1891 non Kirby 1890]R18
         |    |--N. fuscomarginatusR15
         |    |--N. nigropunctatus (Redtenbacher 1891) [=Conocephalus nigropunctatus]R18
         |    |--N. procerusR15
         |    |--N. redtenbacheriR15
         |    |--N. saturatusR15
         |    `--N. vicinusR15
         |--HomorocoryphusR18
         |    |--H. brunneri (Redtenbacher 1891) [=Conocephalus brunneri]R18
         |    |--H. cocanus (Bolivar 1881) [=Conocephalus cocanus]R18
         |    |--H. kraussiR15
         |    `--H. viridisR15
         |--PseudorhynchusR96
         |    |--P. lessoniiR96
         |    |--P. mimeticusR96
         |    `--P. selonisR96
         `--EuconocephalusR96
              |--E. broughtoniR96
              |--E. extensor [incl. E. australis]K14
              `--E. lineatipesK14
Conocephalinae incertae sedis:
  XiphidionK14
    |--X. affineK14
    |--X. fuscumB01
    `--X. modestumK14
  OdontoxiphidiumBM76
  OrchelimumBM76
    |--O. concinnumRH15
    `--O. fidiciniumL67
  CaulopsisLC64
    |--C. cuspidataLC64
    `--C. gracilisR15

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B01] Bolivar, I. 1901. Orthopterák [Orthoptères]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 223–243. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[B00] Bordage, E. 1900. On the absence of regeneration in the posterior limbs of the Orthoptera saltatoria and its probable causes. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 234–236.

[K14] Karny, H. 1914. Conocephalidae Neu-Caledoniens und der Loyalty-Inseln. In: Sarasin, F., & J. Roux (eds) Nova Caledonia: Forschungen in Neu-Caledonian und auf den Loyalty-Inseln. A. Zoologie vol. 1 pt 4 pp. 447–449. C. W. Kreidels Verlag: Wiesbaden.

[L67] Lin, C. S. 1967. Nesting behavior of Tachytes (Tachyplena) praedator Fox, with a review of the biology of the genus (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae: Larrinae). American Midland Naturalist 77 (1): 241–245.

[LC64] Lindquist, E. E., & D. A. Chant. 1964. A redescription of Aceodromus Muma and its transfer to the Blattisociinae (Acarina: Blattisociidae). Canadian Entomologist 96: 500–507.

[PM09] Polidori, C., P. Mendiola, J. D. Asís, J. Tormos, M. D. García & J. Selfa. 2009. Predatory habits of the grasshopper-hunting wasp Stizus continuus (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae): diet preference, predatory-prey size relationships and foraging capacity. Journal of Natural History 43 (47–48): 2985–3000.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R18] Rehn, J. A. G. 1918. On a collection of Orthoptera from the State of Pará, Brazil. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 70: 144–236, pls 1–2.

[RH15] Rehn, J. A. G., & M. Hebard. 1915. The genus Gryllus (Orthoptera) as found in America. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 293–322.

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *