Speckled mousebird Colius striatus, photographed by Jerry Friedman.

Belongs within: Telluraves.
Contains: Trogonidae, Bucerotidae, Upupiformes, Coraciiformes, Piciformes.

The Coliiformes include the colies or mousebirds, small long-tailed arboreal birds found in sub-Saharan Africa. Though a small group in the modern fauna, represented only by the two genera Colius and Urocolius (treated by some authors as a single genus), fossil representatives of the Coliiformes are known from the Palaeogene of Europe and North America (Mayr 2005).

    |    |--Sandcoleidae [Sandcoleiformes]M05
    |    |    |  i. s.: ‘Eobucco’ brodkorbi Feduccia & Martin 1976M09
    |    |    |--Botauroides parvus Shufeldt 1915M09
    |    |    |--Sandcoleus Houde & Olson 1992M05
    |    |    |    `--S. copiosus Houde & Olson 1992M04
    |    |    |--Anneavis Houde & Olson 1992M05
    |    |    |    `--A. anneae Houde & Olson 1992M04
    |    |    |--Eoglaucidium Fischer 1987M05, Ml02
    |    |    |    `--*E. pallas Fischer 1987Ml02
    |    |    |--UintornisM09
    |    |    |    |--U. lucaris Marsh 1872M09
    |    |    |    `--U. marionae Feduccia & Martin 1976M09
    |    |    `--Tsidiiyazhi Ksepka, Stidham & Williamson 2017KSW17
    |    |         `--*T. abini Ksepka, Stidham & Williamson 2017KSW17
    |    `--+--ChascacocoliusKSW17
    |       |    |--C. cacicirostris Mayr 2005M09
    |       |    `--C. oscitans Houde & Olson 1992M09
    |       `--ColiidaeM05
    |            |  i. s.: Palaeospiza [Palaeospizidae]M09
    |            |           `--P. bella Allen 1878M09
    |            |--+--Eocolius walkeri Dyke & Waterhouse 2001M05
    |            |  `--Selmes Peters 1999M05, Ml02
    |            |       `--*S. absurdipes Peters 1999Ml02
    |            `--+--Masillacolius Mayr & Peters 1998M05, Ml02
    |               |    `--*M. brevidactylus Mayr & Peters 1998Ml02
    |               `--+--Oligocolius Mayr 2000M05
    |                  |    |--*O. brevitarsus Mayr 2000Ml02
    |                  |    `--O. psittacocephalonKSW17
    |                  |--Primocolius Mourer-Chauviré 1988M05
    |                  |    |--*P. sigei Mourer-Chauviré 1988Ml02
    |                  |    `--P. minor Mourer-Chauviré 1988Ml02
    |                  `--+--Urocolius Bonaparte 1854M05, Ml02 (see below for synonymy)
    |                     |    |--U. archiaci (Milne-Edwards 1871) (see below for synonymy)Ml02
    |                     |    `--U. macrourusKK05 [=Colius macrourusFP64]
    |                     `--Colius Brisson 1760M05, Ml02 [incl. Necrornis Milne-Edwards 1871Ml02]
    |                          |  i. s.: C. castanotusJT12
    |                          |         C. hendeyi Rich & Haarhoff 1985B93
    |                          |         C. palustris (Milne-Edwards 1871) [=*Necrornis palustris]Ml02
    |                          |--C. leucocephalusBKB15
    |                          `--+--‘Urocolius’ indicusBKB15 [=U. macrourus indicusKK05]
    |                             `--+--C. coliusBKB15
    |                                `--C. striatusJT12
    |                                     |--C. s. striatusS05
    |                                     `--C. s. leucotis Rüppell 1839S05
       |  `--+--Bucerotiformes [Bucerotes]JM14
       |     |    |--BucerotidaeMa02
       |     |    `--UpupiformesMa02
       |     `--+--CoraciiformesJM14
       |        `--PiciformesJM14
            |--Leptosomus Vieillot 1816HK08, B94 (see below for synonymy)
            |    |--L. aferS66
            |    `--L. discolorMa02
            `--Plesiocathartes Gaillard 1908Ma02 [PlesiocathartidaeJM14]
                 |--*P. europaeus Gaillard 1908Ml02
                 |--P. gaillardi Crusafont & Villalta 1955Ma02
                 |--P. geiselensis Mayr 2002M09
                 |--P. kelleri Mayr 2002Ma02
                 |--P. major Weidig 2006M09
                 `--P. wyomingensis Weidig 2009M09

Leptosomus Vieillot 1816HK08, B94 [=Leptosoma (l. c.) nec Leach 1819 nec Fitzinger 1843 nec Stafford 1904B94; Leptosomatinae, Leptosomidae, Leptosominae]

Urocolius Bonaparte 1854M05, Ml02 [incl. Limnatornis Milne-Edwards 1871Ml02, Palaeopicus Brodkorb 1952Ml02]

Urocolius archiaci (Milne-Edwards 1871) [=Picus archiaci, Colius archiaci, *Palaeopicus archiaci; incl. Picus consobrinus Milne-Edwards 1871, Pa. consobrinus, *Limnatornis paludicola Milne-Edwards 1871, Colus paludicola]Ml02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[FP64] Fisher, J., & R. T. Peterson. 1964. The World of Birds: A comprehensive guide to general ornithology. Macdonald: London.

[HK08] Hackett, S. J., R. T. Kimball, S. Reddy, R. C. K. Bowie, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, J. L. Chojnowski, W. A. Cox, K.-L. Han, J. Harshman, C. J. Huddleston, B. D. Marks, K. J. Miglia, W. S. Moore, F. H. Sheldon, D. W. Steadman, C. C. Witt & T. Yuri. 2008. A phylogenomic study of birds reveals their evolutionary history. Science 320: 1763–1768.

[JM14] Jarvis, E. D., S. Mirarab, A. J. Aberer, B. Li, P. Houde, C. Li, S. Y. W. Ho, B. C. Faircloth, B. Nabholz, J. T. Howard, A. Suh, C. C. Weber, R. R. de Fonseca, J. Li, F. Zhang, H. Li, L. Zhou, N. Narula, L. Liu, G. Ganapathy, B. Boussau, M. S. Bayzid, V. Zavidovych, S. Subramanian, T. Gabaldón, S. Capella-Gutiérrez, J. Huerta-Cepas, B. Rekepalli, K. Munch, M. Schierup, B. Lindow, W. C. Warren, D. Ray, R. E. Green, M. W. Bruford, X. Zhan, A. Dixon, S. Li, N. Li, Y. Huang, E. P. Derryberry, M. F. Bertelsen, F. H. Sheldon, R. T. Brumfield, C. V. Mello, P. V. Lovell, M. Wirthlin, M. P. Cruz Schneider, F. Prosdocimi, J. A. Samaniego, A. M. Vargas Velazquez, A. Alfaro-Núñez, P. F. Campos, B. Petersen, T. Sitcheritz-Ponten, A. Pas, T. Bailey, P. Scofield, M. Bunce, D. M. Lambert, Q. Zhou, P. Perelman, A. C. Driskell, B. Shapiro, Z. Xiong, Y. Zeng, S. Liu, Z. Li, B. Liu, K. Wu, J. Xiao, X. Yinqi, Q. Zheng, Y. Zhang, H. Yang, J. Wang, L. Smeds, F. E. Rheindt, M. Braun, J. Fjeldså, L. Orlando, F. K. Barker, K. A. Jønsson, W. Johnson, K.-P. Koepfli, S. O’Brien, D. Haussler, O. A. Ryder, C. Rahbek, E. Willerslev, G. R. Graves, T. C. Glenn, J. McCormack, D. Burt, H. Ellegren, P. Alström, S. V. Edwards, A. Stamatakis, D. P. Mindell, J. Cracraft, E. L. Braun, T. Warnow, W. Jun, M. T. P. Gilbert & G. Zhang. 2014. Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science 346 (6215): 1320–1331.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[KK05] Kloet, R. S. de, & S. R. de Kloet. 2005. The evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: sequence analysis of an intron of the spindlin W and Z gene reveals four major divisions of the Psittaciformes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36: 706–721.

[KSW17] Ksepka, D. T., T. A. Stidham & T. E. Williamson. 2017. Early Paleocene landbird supports rapid phylogenetic and morphological diversification of crown birds after the K–Pg mass extinction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 114 (30): 8047–8052.

[Ma02] Mayr, G. 2002. A new species of Plesiocathartes (Aves: ?Leptosomidae) from the Middle Eocene of Messel, Germany. PaleoBios 22 (1): 10–20.

[M04] Mayr, G. 2004. The phylogenetic relationships of the early Tertiary Primoscenidae and Sylphornithidae and the sister taxon of crown group piciform birds. Journal of Ornithology 145: 188–198.

[M05] Mayr, G. 2005. The Paleogene fossil record of birds in Europe. Biological Reviews 80: 515–542.

[M09] Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. Springer.

[Ml02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[S05] Steinheimer, F. D. 2005. Eduard Rüppel’s avian types at the Natural History Museum, Tring (Aves). Senckenbergiana Biologica 85 (2): 233–264.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *