European roller Coracias garrulus, copyright David Grabovac.

Belongs within: Coraciiformes.

The Coracioidea, rollers, are stoutly built, medium-sized birds with a robust beak. The clade is characterised by a well-developed processus intermetacarpalis on the carpometacarpus and, at least in living species, a short projection on the cranial side of the processus postorbitalis (Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré 2000).

    |  i. s.: Laputavis Dyke 2001M09, M02 [=Laputa Dyke 2001 (preoc.)M02]
    |           `--*L. robusta (Dyke 2001) [=*Laputa robusta]M02
    |    |--Cryptornis Milne-Edwards 1871MM-C00, M02
    |    |    `--*C. antiquus (Gervais 1852) [=Centropus antiquus]M02
    |    `--Geranopterus Milne-Edwards 1892 [Geranopteridae]MM-C00
    |         |--*G. alatus Milne-Edwards 1892M02
    |         |--G. bohemicus (Mlíkovský 1999) [=Nupharanassa bohemica]MM-C00
    |         `--G. milneedwardsi Mayr & Mourer-Chauviré 2000MM-C00
    `--+--Brachypteraciidae [Atelornithidae, Brachypteraciinae]MM-C00
       |    |--Brachypteracias Lafresnaye 1834 [incl. Geobiastes Sharpe 1871]MM-C00
       |    |    |--B. leptosomusBKB15
       |    |    `--B. squamigerBKB15 [=Geobiastes squamigeraM-MC00]
       |    `--+--Uratelornis chimaeraJT12
       |       `--Atelornis Pucheran 1846 [Atelornithinae]B94
       |            |--A. crossleyiBKB15
       |            `--A. pittoidesBKB15
       `--Coraciidae [Coraciinae, Coracinia]MM-C00
            |--Eurystomus Vieillot 1816 [incl. Hirundolanius Buller 1882; Eurystominae]CC10
            |    |  i. s.: E. azureusJT12
            |    |         E. madagascariensisS66
            |    |--E. glaucurusBKB15
            |    |    |--E. g. glaucurusMM-C00
            |    |    `--E. g. aferMM-C00
            |    `--+--*E. orientalis (Linnaeus 1766)CC10, BKB15, CC10 [=Coracias orientalisCC10]
            |       |    |--E. o. orientalisI92
            |       |    |--E. o. calonyx Sharpe 1890I92
            |       |    `--E. o. pacificus (Latham 1802)CC10 (see below for synonymy)
            |       `--E. gularisBKB15
            `--Coracias Linnaeus 1758M04
                 |  i. s.: C. aurea Linnaeus 1758L58
                 |         C. benghalensisJT12
                 |         C. caffra Linnaeus 1758L58
                 |         C. cyanogasterJT12
                 |         C. naeviaJT12
                 |         C. oriolus Linnaeus 1758L58
                 |         C. temminckiiJT12
                 |         C. xanthornus Linnaeus 1758L58
                 |--C. spatulatus Trimen 1880BKB15, B93
                 `--+--C. garrulus Linnaeus 1758BKB15, M02
                    `--+--C. abyssinicusBKB15
                       `--C. caudatusBKB15

Eurystomus orientalis pacificus (Latham 1802)CC10 [=Coracias pacificaCC10; incl. E. australis Swainson 1838CC10, E. orientalis bravi Mathews 1912WS48, *Hirundolanius coeruleus Buller 1882CC10]

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[B93] Brooke, R. K. 1993. Annotated catalogue of the Aves type specimens in the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum 102 (10): 327–349.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[CC10] Checklist Committee (OSNZ). 2010. Checklist of the Birds of New Zealand, Norfolk and Macquarie Islands, and the Ross Dependency, Antarctica 4th ed. Ornithological Society of New Zealand and Te Papa Press: Wellington.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M04] Mayr, G. 2004. New specimens of Hassiavis laticauda (Aves: Cypselomorphae) and Quasisyndactylus longibrachis (Aves: Alcediniformes) from the Middle Eocene of Messel, Germany. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 252: 23–28.

[M09] Mayr, G. 2009. Paleogene Fossil Birds. Springer.

[MM-C00] Mayr, G., & C. Mourer-Chauviré. 2000. Rollers (Aves: Coraciiformes s.s.) from the Middle Eocene of Messel (Germany) and the Upper Eocene of Quercy (France). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 20 (3): 533–546.

[M02] Mlíkovský, J. 2002. Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press: Praha.

[S66] Schlegel, H. 1866. Communication from, on mammals and birds collected in Madagascar. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 419–426.

[WS48] Whittell, H. M., & D. L. Serventy. 1948. A systematic list of the birds of Western Australia. Public Library, Museum and Art Gallery of Western Australia, Special Publication 1: 1–126.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *