Corchorus

Jute mallow Corchorus olitorius, copyright International Institute of Tropical Agriculture.

Belongs within: Malvaceae.

Corchorus is a genus of herbs and shrubs widespread in tropical and subtropical regions of the world (Harden 1990).

Characters (from Harden 1990): Herbs or shrubs, glabrous or sparsely covered with simple or stellate hairs. Leaves 3-veined from near base, toothed. Cymes axillary or leaf-opposed, or flowers solitary or 2 or 3 clustered together. Sepals and petals mostly 5, more or less equal in length. Stamens numerous, sometimes inserted on a slightly expanded disc, hypogynous or slightly perigynous. Ovary 2–5-locular, style simple, ovules several per loculus. Capsule long, without bristles [or short or globose and more or less warted or bristly], seeds several in each loculus.

<==Corchorus [incl. Oceanopapaver]T00
|--*C. olitoriusM06
|--C. acutangulus [incl. C. alatus]C55
|--C. aestuansLK14
|--C. asplenifoliusM06
|--C. argillicola Moeaha & Winter in Moeaha 2006M06
|--C. capsularisM06
|--C. confususM06
|--C. crozophorifoliusKM08
|--C. cunninghamiiH90
|--C. depressusPP07
|--C. fascicularisPP07
|--C. hirsutusM06
|--C. leptocarpusLK14
|--C. merxmuelleriCV06
|--C. mitchellensisLK14
|--C. puberulusLK14
|--C. pumilioLK14
|--C. sidoidesLK14
|--C. siliquosusM06
|--C. tridensPP07
|--C. trilocularisM06
`--C. walcottiiLK14

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[CV06] Craven, P., & P. Vorster. 2006. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism in Namibia. Bothalia 36 (2): 175–189.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[KM08] Keighery, G. J., & W. Muir. 2008. Vegetation and vascular flora of Faure Island, Shark Bay, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 75: 11–19.

[LK14] Lyons, M. N., G. J. Keighery, L. A. Gibson & T. Handasyde. 2014. Flora and vegetation communities of selected islands off the Kimberley coast of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 81: 205–244.

[M06] Moeaha, M. J. 2006. Malvaceae. A new species of Corchorus in southern Africa. Bothalia 36 (2): 168–171.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

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