Corixidae

 Corixa punctata, copyright Wolfram Sondermann.

Belongs within: Panheteroptera.

The Corixidae, water boatmen, are a group of aquatic bugs characterised by short forelegs with hair-fringed scoop-shaped or cylindrical tarsi. These are used to collect prey (mostly insect larvae) from bottom ooze. Hind legs are used for swimming and have long fringes of hair on the tibiae and tarsi. The dorsum of the abdomen is concave, allowing for the retention of a bubble of air beneath the wings.

The majority of living species are included in the subfamily Corixinae; members of the genus Micronecta are much smaller than species of Corixinae. The Diaprepocorinae differ from other corixids in the possession of ocelli and additional cuticular blades fringing the hind tarsi. Living diaprepocorines are restricted to southern Australia and New Zealand but fossil species are known from the Jurassic of Eurasia (Carver et al. 1991).

<==Corixidae [Corixoidea, Shurabellidae]
    |--Diaprepocoris [Diaprepocorinae]CGW91
    |--Velocorixa [Velocorixinae]S02
    |    `--V. ponomarenkoiS02
    |--Micronecta [Micronectinae]CGW91
    |    |--M. robustaTJ06
    |    `--M. scholtzi (Fieber 1860)SB05
    `--CorixinaeCGW91
         |--Cymatia coleoptrataCGW91, H01
         |--AgraptocorixaCGW91
         |    |--A. eurynomeCGW91
         |    `--A. parvipunctataTDC06
         |--SigaraCGW91
         |    |--S. argutaPC66
         |    |--S. falleniW01
         |    |--S. fossarum (Leach 1817)SB05
         |    |--S. lateralis (Leach 1817)SB05
         |    |--S. limitata (Fieber 1848)SB05
         |    |--S. nigrolineata (Fieber 1848)SB05
         |    |--S. scotti (Douglas & Scott 1868)SB05
         |    |--S. selecta (Fieber 1848)SB05
         |    |--S. semistriata (Fieber 1848)SB05
         |    `--S. stagnalis (Leach 1817)SB05
         `--Corixa Geoffroy 1762SB05
              |--C. affinis Leach 1817SB05
              |--C. concinnaCS77
              |--C. falleniiH01
              |--C. geoffroyiH01
              |--C. iberica Jansson 1981SB05
              |--C. lateralis [incl. C. hieroglyphica]H01
              |--C. limitataH01
              |--C. nigrolineataCS77
              |--C. panzeri (Fieber 1848)SB05
              |--C. punctataIm92
              |--C. stagnalisCS77
              |--C. striataH01 [=Sigara striataL02]
              `--C. vanduzeeiS02
Corixidae incertae sedis:
  Haenbea badamgaravaeGE05, S02
  YanliaocorixaS02
  GazimuriaGE05
  KarataviellaGE05
  DiapherinusGE05
  CristocorixaGE05
  BumbacorixaGE05
  CorixonectaGE05
  JiangxicorixaS02
  LinicorixaS02
  RatiticorixaS02
  VulcanicorixaS02
  Shelopuga sinitsaeS02
  Siculocorixa estriaS02
  LufengnactaGE05
  LiassocorixaGE05
  BakhariaGE05
  ArchaeocorixaGE05
  BaissocorixaGE05
  Mesosigara kryshtofovichiGE05, S02
  CorixaliaGE05
  RhomboidellaGE05
  ShurabellaGE05
  DiacorixaS02
    |--D. germanicaS02
    `--D. miocenicaS02
  CenocorixaWP99
    |--C. bifidaWP99
    `--C. expletaWP99
  HesperocorixaTW05
    |--H. distanti (Kirkaldy 1899)Iw92
    |--H. kolthoffi (Lundblad 1933)Iw92
    |--H. linnaei (Fieber 1848)SB05
    |--H. mandshurica (Jaczewski 1924)Iw92
    `--H. moesta (Fieber 1848)SB05
  Venacorixa xiangzhongensis Lin 1986RJ93
  Shurania sibirica Popov 1985RJ93
  Shuragobia altaica Popov 1988RJ93
  Trichocorixa Kirkaldy 1908SB05
    |--T. kanza Sailer 1948SB05
    |--T. reticulata (Guérin-Ménéville 1857)SB05
    `--T. verticalis (Fieber 1851)SB05
  Parasigara transversa (Fieber 1848)SB05
  Heliocorisa Lundblad 1928SB05
  ArctocorixaRD77
    |--A. abdominalisRD77
    `--A. mercenariaRD77

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[CS77] Cramp, S., & K. E. L. Simmons (eds) 1977. Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa: The Birds of the Western Palaearctic vol. 1. Ostrich to Ducks. Oxford University Press: Oxford.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[Im92] Imes, R. 1992. The Practical Entomologist. Aurum Press: London.

[Iw92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[PC66] Pendergrast, J. G., & D. R. Cowley. 1966. An Introduction to New Zealand Freshwater Insects. Collins: Auckland.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[RJ93] Ross, A. J., & E. A. Jarzembowski. 1993. Arthropoda (Hexapoda; Insecta). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 363–426. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SB05] Sala, J., & D. Boix. 2005. Presence of the Nearctic water boatman Trichocorixa verticalis verticalis (Fieber, 1851) (Heteroptera, Corixidae) in the Algarve region (S Portugal). Graellsia 61 (1): 31–36.

[S02] Sinitshenkova, N. D. 2002. Ecological history of the aquatic insects. In: Rasnitsyn, A. P., & D. L. J. Quicke (eds) History of Insects pp. 388–426. Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

[TW05] Terry, M. D., & M. F. Whiting. 2005. Mantophasmatodea and phylogeny of the lower neopterous insects. Cladistics 21: 240–257.

[TJ06] Thomas, E. J., & J. John. 2006. Diatoms and macroinvertebrates as biomonitors of mine-lakes in Collie, Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (3): 109–117.

[TDC06] Timms, B. V., B. Datson & M. Coleman. 2006. The wetlands of the Lake Carey catchment, northeast Goldfields of Western Australia, with special reference to large branchiopods. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89 (4): 175–183.

[WP99] Walter, D. E., & H. C. Proctor. 1999. Mites: Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[W01] Wohltmann, A. 2001. Closely related species of Parasitengonae (Acari: Prostigmata) inhabiting the same areas: features facilitating coexistence. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 121–135. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

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