Corvoidea

 Varied sitellas Daphoenositta chrysoptera striata, from Chiemomo.

Belongs within: Corvides.
Contains: Dicruridae, Rhipidura, Monarchidae, Paradisaeidae, Corvidae, Lanius.

The Corvoidea is a clade of passerine birds that has been identified by molecular analyses. Basal lineages of the Corvoidea are found in the Australo-Papuan region, where the clade is believed to have originated, but members of various sub-clades are found in Eurasia and Africa, such as the Corvidae, Laniidae and Malaconotidae, while the Vireonidae are found in the Americas. Basal lineages of the Corvoidea include the Cnemophilidae, satinbirds, frugivorous birds with brightly coloured males found in New Guinea. Cnemophilids were previously believed to be closely related to the birds of paradise (Paradisaeidae), which are now placed elsewhere in the corvoids. The sitellas Daphoenositta are nuthatch-like birds found in Australia and New Guinea that feed by branching on branches and trunks.

<==CorvoideaOF19
   |--+--DicruridaeKF-V21
   |  `--RhipiduridaeKF-V21
   |       |--RhipiduraBC04
   |       `--+--Chaetorhynchus papuensisJF06
   |          `--Lamprolia Finsch 1874JF11, B94 [Lamproliidae]
   |               `--L. victoriaeFP64
   |                    |--L. v. victoriaeFP64
   |                    `--L. v. kleinschmidtiFP64
   `--+--MonarchidaeKF-V21
      `--+--+--ParadisaeidaeKF-V21
         |  `--Ifrita [Ifritidae]KF-V21
         |       `--I. kowaldi (DeVis 1890) [=Todopsis kowaldi; incl. I. coronata Rothschild 1898]N10
         `--+--Corcoracidae [Corcoracinae]OF19
            |    |--Corcorax Lesson 1830JF11, B94
            |    |    `--C. melanorhamphosJT12
            |    `--Struthidea Gould 1837 [Struthideidae, Struthideinae]B94
            |         `--S. cinereaJF06
            `--+--Melampitta [Melampittidae]OF19
               |    |--M. lugubrisBKB15
               |    `--+--M. giganteaBKB15
               |       `--‘Microeca’ fascinansBKB15
               |            |--M. f. fascinansM03
               |            |--M. f. barcooM03
               |            `--M. f. pallidaM03
               `--+--CorvidaeOF19
                  `--+--Platylophus Swainson 1832B94 [incl. Lophocitta Gray 1841B94; Lophocittidae, PlatylophidaeOF19]
                     |    `--P. galericulatusJF11
                     `--Laniidae [Laniinae]OF19
                          |--Urolestes melanoleucusJT12
                          |--LaniusJF11
                          `--EurocephalusBKB15
                               |--E. anguitimensJF06
                               `--E. rueppelliJT12

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BC04] Barker, F. K., A. Cibois, P. Schikler, J. Feinstein & J. Cracraft. 2004. Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 101 (30): 11040–11045.

[B94] Bock, W. J. 1994. History and nomenclature of avian family-group names. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 222: 1–281.

[BKB15] Burleigh, J. G., R. T. Kimball & E. L. Braun. 2015. Building the avian tree of life using a large-scale, sparse supermatrix. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 84: 53–63.

[JT12] Jetz, W., G. H. Thomas, J. B. Joy, K. Hartmann & A. Ø. Mooers. 2012. The global diversity of birds in space and time. Nature 491: 444–448.

[JF11] Jønsson, K. A., P.-H. Fabre, R. E. Ricklefs & J. Fjeldså. 2011. Major global radiation of corvoid birds originated in the proto-Papuan archipelago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 108 (6): 2328–2333.

[JF06] Jønsson, K. A., & J. Fjeldså. 2006. A phylogenetic supertree of oscine passerine birds. Zoologica Scripta 35: 149–186.

[KF-V21] Kuhl, H., C. Frankl-Vilches, A. Bakker, G. Mayr, G. Nikolaus, S. T. Boerno, S. Klages, B. Timmermann & M. Gahr. 2021. An unbiased molecular approach using 3′-UTRs resolves the avian family-level tree of life. Molecular Biology and Evolution 38 (1): 108–127.

[M03] Morcombe, M. 2003. Field Guide to Australian Birds, 2nd ed. Steve Parish Publishing.

[N10] Naish, D. 2010. Tetrapod Zoology: Book One. CFZ Press: Bideford (UK).

[OF19] Oliveros, C. H., D. J. Field, D. T. Ksepka, F. K. Barker, A. Aleixo, M. J. Andersen, P. Alström, B. W. Benz, E. L. Braun, M. J. Braun, G. A. Bravo, R. T. Brumfield, R. T. Chesser, S. Claramunt, J. Cracraft, A. M. Cuervo, E. P. Derryberry, T. C. Glenn, M. G. Harvey, P. A. Hosner, L. Joseph, R. T. Kimball, A. L. Mack, C. M. Miskelly, A. T. Peterson, M. B. Robbins, F. H. Sheldon, L. F. Silveira, B. T. Smith, N. D. White, R. G. Moyle & B. C. Faircloth. 2019. Earth history and the passerine superradiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 116 (16): 7916–7925.

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