Corydalis

Fumewort Corydalis solida, copyright Bernd Haynold.

Belongs within: Papaveraceae.

Corydalis is a genus of soft-leaved herbs found primarily in temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere.

Characters (from Flora of China): Herbs, annual, biennial, or perennial, soft, juicy, usually glabrous. Leaves usually alternate, pinnately or ternately divided. Inflorescence a simple bracteate raceme (occasionally compound with cymose or racemose partial inflorescences). Flowers blue, purple, orange, yellow, or white. Sepals petaloid, usually dentate. Corolla zygomorphic; upper petal spurred. Stamens 2 (i.e., filaments of each triplet completely fused); median upper stamen with a nectariferous appendage at base frequently fused to spur for a shorter or longer portion. Stigma variable. Fruit a usually many-seeded capsule with persistent style. Seeds black, usually with whitish elaiosomes.

<==Corydalis
    |--C. alburyiO88
    |--C. ambiguaT03
    |--C. aureaH93
    |--C. caseanaH93
    |--C. cashmerianaO88
    |--C. casimirianaO88
    |--C. chaerophyllaO88
    |--C. chasmophilaO88
    |--C. clavibracteataO88
    |--C. cucullariaJ23
    |--C. elegansO88
    |--C. flaccidaO88
    |--C. gerdaeO88
    |--C. govanianaO88
    |--C. hamataO88
    |--C. hendersoniiO88
    |--C. hookeriO88
    |--C. junceaO88
    |--C. lathyroidesO88
    |--C. latifloraO88
    |--C. longipesO88
    |--C. luteaC55
    |--C. megacalyxO88
    |--C. meifoliaO88
    |    |--C. m. var. meifoliaO88
    |    `--C. m. var. sikkimensisO88
    |--C. nanaO88
    |--C. pachypodaO88
    |--C. polygalinaO88
    |--C. pseudojunceaO88
    |--C. solidaC55
    |--C. staintoniiO88
    |--C. strictaO88
    |--C. sykesiiO88
    `--C. trifoliataO88

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[C55] Candolle, A. de. 1855. Géographie Botanique Raisonée: Ou exposition des faits principaux et des lois concernant la distribution géographique des plantes de l’époque actuelle vol. 2. Librairie de Victor Masson: Paris.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[J23] James, E. 1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the years 1819 and ’20, by order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, sec’y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party vol. 1. H. C. Carey & I. Lea: Philadelphia.

[O88] Ohba, H. 1988. The alpine flora of the Nepal Himalayas: an introductory note. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 19–46.

[T03] Tsurusaki, N. 2003. Phenology and biology of harvestmen in and near Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan, with some taxonomical notes on Nelima suzukii n. sp. and allies (Arachnida: Opiliones). Acta Arachnologica 52: 5–24.

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