Cosmetidae

Eupoecilaema magnum, copyright Rich Hoyer.

Belongs within: Laminata.
Contains: Metarhaucus, Cynortula, Eucynortula, Eucynorta, Litoralia, Metavononoides, Discosomaticinae, Metalibitia, Taitoinae, CynortaCynortoides, Vonones, Flirtea, Metergininae.

The Cosmetidae are a diverse family of short-legged harvestmen found in the Americas, characterised by a strongly depressed eyemound and spatulate pedipalps. The classification of the family remains poorly established, and many genera are not definitively characterised.

Characters (from Kury & Pinto-da-Rocha 2007): Body length 3–12 mm long, leg IV 4–54 mm long. Dorsum with dorsal scutum widest at area II or III. Ocularium very low, saddle-shaped, placed on middle of prosoma. Ozopores slitlike, one opening partially covered by tubercle of coxa II. Scutal areas often indistinct; scutum and tergites typically weakly armed (sometimes area III or IV or free tergites with strong spines or tubercles or fused spines; anal operculum sometimes with stout apophyses; scutum normally covered with minute granules. Body can be extremely elongate. Coxa IV usually entirely visible or more rarely partially visible on dorsal view. Venter with coxa I possessing ventrally a notch for the locking of pedipalpal trochanter, forming a channel flanked by apophyses. Chelicerae: rear margin of basichelicerite with plenty of teeth and spines or smooth. Pedipalps: Coxa very short, trochanter much longer than wide, clavate; femur strongly compressed laterally with serrate ventral margin sometimes also on dorsal. Tibia spoon shaped, mesally concave, expanded ectally, very weakly armed with ventral setae in all extensions or on distal half; tarsus shorter than tibia with two rows of thin or thick ventral setae, claw slightly curved. Pedipalps covering frontal part of chelicerae, mainly the tibia, as a scutum. Nymphs with pedipalp longer than in adults (especially patella and tarsus), slender, and cylindrical. Legs short and thick with or without tubercles or smooth, long, and thin. Male coxa IV with small process on apex. Distitarsus I with three to four tarsomeres, II with three to five. Tarsi III–IV densely covered by short setae; claws III–IV parallel, smooth or pectinate. Penis standard gonyleptoid, very conservative, with rectangular ventral plate, puffed sac-glans, and well-developed thumb-like dorsal process. Distal margin of ventral plate straight to concave. Dorsal group of setae always present; ventral group of setae lacking in several genera. Stylus bent in apex with barbed crest of serrate projections in almost all species, sometimes slender and cylindrical. Ventral process occasionally present. Colour: Pattern of dorsal scutum, free tergites, and legs from reddish to blackish brown, with variable shapes of whitish, yellowish, or even greenish patches made of wax over exocuticle, produced by glands probably on cuticle. Metatarsus sometimes with darker ring patches. Sexual dimorphism may be present in chelicerae swollen in males, or in femur and tibia IV thickened and with rows of similar spines in males. Some genera possess a male basitarsus I thickened. Females with genital operculum wider than in males.

Cosmetidae [Cosmetides, Cosmetoidae, Palpinidae]
|--LibitiinaeMKM22
| |--Ambatoiella Mello-Leitão 1943MKM22, K03
| | `--*A. vigilans Mello-Leitão 1943K03
| `--+--Libitia Simon 1879MKM22, K03 [=Libita (l. c.)K03; incl. Libitiella Roewer 1947MKM22]
| | |--*L. cordata (Gervais 1844)MKM22 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--L. bipunctata Sørensen 1932 [=*Libitiella bipunctata]K03
| | `--L. fusca Simon 1879K03
| `--Oligovonones Caporiacco 1951MKM22
| |--*O. brunneus Caporiacco 1951K03
| `--O. mucubajiensis González-Sponga 1992K03
`--+--CosmetinaeK03
| |--MetarhaucusK03
| |--CynortulaK03
| |--EucynortulaK03
| |--EucynortaK03
| |--LitoraliaK03
| |--MetavononoidesK03
| |--Neorhaucus Pickard-Cambridge 1905K03
| | `--*N. aurolineatus Pickard-Cambridge 1905K03
| |--Spongaobaria Özdikmen 2008 [=Baria González-Sponga 1993 non Karsch 1896]O08
| | `--*S. neblinensis (González-Sponga 1993) [=*Baria neblinensis]O08
| |--Bokwina Goodnight & Goodnight 1947K03
| | `--*B. sandersoni Goodnight & Goodnight 1947 [=Vonones sandersoni]K03
| |--Brachylibitia Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| | `--*B. ectroxantha Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| |--Calicynorta Goodnight & Goodnight 1943K03
| | `--*C. bimaculata (Banks 1893) (see below for synonymy)K03
| |--Caracarana Roewer 1956K03
| | `--*C. inermis Roewer 1956K03
| |--Caurimare González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--*C. pustulosa González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Colima Goodnight & Goodnight 1945K03
| | `--*C. multimaculata Goodnight & Goodnight 1945K03
| |--Corosalia González-Sponga 1998K03
| | `--*C. tigrina González-Sponga 1998K03
| |--Cynortellula Roewer 1925K03
| | `--*C. bimaculata Roewer 1925K03
| |--Cynortetta Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*C. rugosa Roewer 1947K03
| |--Cynortoperna Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*C. albornata Roewer 1947K03
| |--Denticynorta Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*D. denticus (Walker 1928)K03, KA-Z11 [=Metacynorta denticusK03, D. denticaK03, Vonones denticaK03]
| |--Eugnidia Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*E. clavifemur Roewer 1947K03
| |--Forfexia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--*F. marmorata González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Frizellia Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| | `--*F. gentilia Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| |--Peruana Özdikmen 2008 [=Gnidiella Roewer 1957 non Parker 1949]O08
| | `--*P. picta (Roewer 1957) [=*Gnidiella picta]O08
| |--Guatopia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--*G. clorofilica González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Gueroma Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | `--*G. lineata Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| |--Maniapure González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--*M. glabra González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Megarhaucus Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| | `--*M. robustus Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| |--Messatana Strand 1942K03 [=Messa Mello-Leitão 1933 non Leach 1917KA-Z11]
| | `--*M. scalaris (Sørensen 1932) [=Libitia (*Messa) scalaris]K03
| |--Michella Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | `--*M. hoogstraali Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| |--Moselabius Roewer 1956K03
| | `--*M. albipunctatus Roewer 1956K03
| |--Namballeus Roewer 1952K03
| | `--*N. signifer Roewer 1952K03
| |--Opisthopristis Roewer 1952K03
| | `--*O. singularis Roewer 1952K03
| |--Paracynorta Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | `--*P. confluens (Chamberlin 1925) [=Cynorta confluens]K03
| |--Paramessa Mello-Leitão 1933K03
| | `--*P. castanea (Sørensen 1932) [=Libitia (Messa) castanea, Messatana castanea]K03
| |--Pebasia Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*P. singularis Roewer 1947K03
| |--Pelechucia Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*P. flava Roewer 1947K03
| |--Praelibitia Roewer 1956K03
| | `--*P. titicaca Roewer 1956K03
| |--Prasiana Strand 1942K03 [=Prasia Mello-Leitão 1933 non Stål 1863KA-Z11]
| | `--*P. fallax (Sørensen 1932) [=Cynorta (*Prasia) fallax]KA-Z11
| |--Prosontes Goodnight & Goodnight 1945K03
| | `--*P. phalattes Goodnight & Goodnight 1945K03
| |--Reimoserius Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*R. albipictus Roewer 1947K03
| |--Socotabius Roewer 1957K03
| | `--*S. pachytarsus Roewer 1957K03
| |--Sphalerocynorta Mello-Leitão 1933K03
| | `--*S. ambigua (Sørensen 1932) [=Cynorta ambigua]K03
| |--Syncynorta Roewer 1947 [=Synacynorta (l. c.)]K03
| | `--*S. longipes Roewer 1947K03
| |--Tajumulcia Goodnight & Goodnight 1947K03
| | `--*T. plana Goodnight & Goodnight 1947K03
| |--Tobotanus Roewer 1957K03
| | `--*T. bisignatus Roewer 1957K03
| |--Vononissus Roewer 1956K03
| | `--*V. silvestris Roewer 1956K03
| |--Vononula Roewer 1947K03
| | `--*V. singularis Roewer 1947K03
| |--Zaraxolia Strand 1942KA-Z11 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--*Z. devians (Sørensen 1932)KA-Z11 [=*Zarax deviansKA-Z11, Paecilaema deviansK03, *Zaraxes deviansKA-Z11]
| |--Palpinus Pickard-Cambridge 1905 (n. d.)K18 [=Palpipes (l. c.) nec Roth 1851 nec Sørensen 1910K03]
| | `--P. laevis Pickard-Cambridge 1905 (n. d.) [=Palpipes levis (l. c.)]K03
| |--Heterovonones Roewer 1912K03
| | |--*H. incrassatus (Pickard-Cambridge 1904) (see below for synonymy)K03
| | `--H. insularis Roewer 1947K03
| |--Erginoides Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--*E. tarsalis Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | `--E. punctatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| |--Proerginus Roewer 1917K03
| | |--*P. lineatus Roewer 1917K03
| | `--P. andinus Roewer 1947K03
| |--Gnidia Koch 1839K03
| | |--*G. bipunctata (Perty 1833) [=Cosmetus bipunctatus, Cynorta bipunctata non Cambridge 1904]K03
| | `--G. holmbergi (Sørensen 1884) [=Cosmetus holmbergii, Cynorta holmbergi]K03
| |--Cynortellina Roewer 1915 [=Cynrtellina (l. c.)]K03
| | |--*C. lineata Roewer 1915K03
| | `--C. ornata Roewer 1917K03
| |--Anduzeia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--*A. punctata (Sørensen 1932) [=Paecilaema punctatum, Cynorta punctata]K03
| | `--A. maculisplena González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Boneta Goodnight & Goodnight 1944K03
| | |--*B. bilineata Goodnight & Goodnight 1944K03
| | `--B. pulchra Roewer 1947K03
| |--Cocholla Roewer 1928K03, KA-Z11
| | |--*C. simoni Roewer 1928K03, KA-Z11
| | `--C. circulata Roewer 1959K03
| |--Cynortesta Roewer 1947K03
| | |--*C. granulata Roewer 1947 [=Cynorta granulata]K03
| | `--C. laevis Roewer 1947 [=Cynorta laevis]K03
| |--Cynortosoma Roewer 1947K03
| | |--*C. reticulatum Roewer 1947K03
| | `--C. cuneatum Roewer 1963 [=C. cuneata]K03
| |--Erginiperna Roewer 1947K03
| | |--*E. mexicana Roewer 1947K03
| | `--E. manifesta Roewer 1947K03
| |--Guaricia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--*G. guagoensis González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--G. terepaimana González-Sponga 1992 [=G. terepaimanus]K03
| |--Libitiosoma Roewer 1947K03
| | |--*L. granulatum Roewer 1947K03
| | `--L. bolivianum Roewer 1947K03
| |--Poala Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | |--*P. granulosa Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | `--P. mexicana (Banks 1898) [=Cynorta mexicana, Eucynortula mexicana]K03
| |--Puerilia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--*P. psittacoides González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--P. melloleitaoi (Caporiacco 1951) [=Metavononoides melloleitaoi]K03
| |--Vononesta Roewer 1947K03
| | |--*V. biangulata Roewer 1947K03
| | `--V. sexpunctata Roewer 1959K03
| |--Metavonones Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--*M. hispidus Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--M. bisignatus Roewer 1947K03
| | `--M. glaber Roewer 1947K03
| |--Acromares Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | |--*A. banksi Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | |--A. lateralis Goodnight & Goodnight 1943K03
| | `--A. vittatum Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| |--Platycynorta Mello-Leitão 1933K03
| | |--*P. depressa (Sørensen 1932) [=Cynorta depressa]K03
| | |--P. clavifemur Roewer 1957K03
| | `--P. secunda Roewer 1947K03
| |--Paravonones Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--*P. biserratus Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--P. claviger Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | |--P. quadratus Pickard-Cambridge 1904K03
| | `--P. simplicipes Roewer 1954K03
| |--Kevonones Chamberlin 1925K03
| | |--*K. mexicanus (Banks 1898) [=Erginus mexicanus, Rhaucus mexicanus, Vonones mexicana]K03
| | |--K. chamberlini Caporiacco 1951K03
| | |--K. irazus Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| | `--K. luteomaculatus Roewer 1957K03
| |--Szczurekia González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--*S. dianae González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--S. frigida González-Sponga 1992K03
| | |--S. petrae González-Sponga 1992K03
| | `--S. virginis González-Sponga 1992K03
| |--Eucynortoides Roewer 1912K03
| | |--*E. maculata Roewer 1912K03, KA-Z11, K03 [=E. maculatusK03]
| | |--E. albicans Mello-Leitão 1941 [incl. E. quinquedentatus Mello-Leitão 1942]K03
| | |--E. antillarum Roewer 1947K03
| | `--E. parvula (Banks 1909)KA-Z11, K03 [=Erginus parvulusK03, Erginulus parvulusK03, Eucynortoides parvulusK03]
| |--Metacynorta Pickard-Cambridge 1904 [incl. Tonalia Roewer 1963]K03
| | |--*M. gracilipes Pickard-Cambridge 1904 (see below for synonymy)K03
| | |--M. bella Roewer 1963K03
| | |--M. bimaculata Roewer 1947K03
| | |--M. longipes (Goodnight & Goodnight 1942) (see below for synonymy)K03
| | |--M. spinofemoralis (Goodnight & Goodnight 1953) [=Vonones spinofemoralis]K03
| | `--M. vokesi Goodnight & Goodnight 1942 [=Cynorta vokesi, Vonones vokesi]K03
| |--Metacynortoides Roewer 1912 [incl. Neocynortoides Roewer 1916]K03
| | |--*M. scabrosa (Banks 1909)K03, KA-Z11, K03 [=Cynorta scabrosaK03, M. scabrosusK03]
| | |--M. bilineata Goodnight & Goodnight 1942KA-Z11, K03 [=M. bilineatusK03]
| | |--M. obscura (Banks 1901)KA-Z11, K03 [=Cynorta obscuraK03, M. obscurusK03, Neocynortoides obscuraK03]
| | | |--M. o. obscuraK03
| | | `--M. o. dorsalis (Roewer 1916) [=*Neocynortoides dorsalis, N. obscura dorsalis]K03
| | |--M. romana Goodnight & Goodnight 1942KA-Z11, K03 [=M. romanusK03]
| | `--M. transversalis Goodnight & Goodnight 1942K03
| |--Cynortellana Roewer 1923 [=Cynortella Roewer 1912 non Duvivier 1891]K03
| | |--*C. quadrimaculata (Gervais 1844) (see below for synonymy)K03
| | |--C. affinis Caporiacco 1947K03
| | |--C. bisignata (Banks 1909) [=Cynorta bisignata, Cynortella bisignata]K03
| | |--C. lagenaria (Perty 1833) [=Cosmetus lagenarius, Cynorta lagenaria, Cynortella lagenaria]K03
| | |--C. oculata (Banks 1914) (see below for synonymy)K03
| | |--C. peruviana Roewer 1963K03
| | `--C. pulchra Mello-Leitão 1928K03
| `--Eupoecilaema Roewer 1917 [=Eupacilema (l. c.), Eupaecilaema (l. c.)]K03
| |--*E. ornatum Roewer 1917 [=Eupaecilaema (l. c.) ornatum]K03
| |--E. lacteatum Roewer 1927 [=Eupaecilaema lacteatum]K03
| |--E. magnum Roewer 1933K03
| |--E. megaypsilon Piza 1938 [=Eupaecilaema megaypsilon]K03
| |--E. notatum Roewer 1927 [=Eupaecilaema notatum]K03
| |--E. panamaense Goodnight & Goodnight 1947 [=Eupaecilaema panamaensis]K03
| |--E. perducens Roewer 1947 [=Eupaecilaema perducens]K03
| `--E. quadriovale Roewer 1947 [=Eupaecilaema quadriovale]K03
`--+--DiscosomaticinaeMKM22
`--+--+--Qarikichkauru Medrano, Kury & Mendes 2022MKM22
| | |--*Q. oxapampa (Roewer 1952) [=Cynorta oxapampa]MKM22
| | |--Q. albireticulatum (Roewer 1952) [=Metagryne albireticulata]MKM22
| | |--Q. azucarium (Roewer 1959) [=Cynorta azucaria]MKM22
| | |--Q. krausi (Roewer 1963) [=Cynorta krausi]MKM22
| | `--Q. pichitanum (Roewer 1959) [=Cynorta pichitana]MKM22
| `--+--Eulibitia Roewer 1912MKM22, K03 [incl. Platymessa Mello-Leitão 1941KM20, Platimessa (l. c.)K03]
| | |--*E. maculata Roewer 1912K03
| | |--E. annulipes Roewer 1912K03
| | |--E. h-inscriptum (Mello-Leitão 1941)MKM22, KA-Z11 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--‘Platymessa’ nigrolimbata Mello-Leitão 1941K03
| | |--E. scalarisMKM22
| | |--E. sexpunctata Roewer 1919K03
| | |--‘Platymessa’ transversalis Roewer 1963K03
| | `--E. victoriae (Pinzón-M. & Townsend in Pinzón-M., Townsend & Martínez-H. 2017) (see below for synonymy)KM20
| `--+--Acantholibitia Mello-Leitão 1928MKM22, K03 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--*A. pustulosa Mello-Leitão 1928 [incl. A. armata Mello-Leitão 1928]MKM22
| | |--A. biocellata (Mello-Leitão 1935) (see below for synonymy)MKM22
| | |--A. excellens (Roewer 1947) [=*Fortalezius excellens]MKM22
| | `--A. pluriarcuata (Mello-Leitão 1936) [=Gryne pluriarcuata]MKM22
| `--+--FerkeriinaeMKM22
| | |--Platygyndes Roewer 1943MKM22, MP-R15
| | | `--*P. titicaca Roewer 1943K03
| | `--+--Ferkeria Roewer 1947MKM22, K03
| | | |--*F. vestita Roewer 1947K03
| | | `--F. flavicoxae Monteiro & Pinto-da-Rocha 2015MP-R15
| | `--MetalibitiaMKM22
| `--+--Libitioides Roewer 1912MKM22, K03
| | |--L. sayi (Simon 1879)MKM22, K03 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--+--L. albolineata (Sørensen 1884)MKM22, K03 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--L. ornata (Say 1821)MKM22 (see below for synonymy)
| `--TaitoinaeMKM22
`--+--CynortinaeMKM22
| |--CynortaMKM22
| `--+--CynortoidesMKM22
| `--+--Metagryne Roewer 1912MKM22, K03 [=Metagyne (l. c.)K03; incl. Paragryne Roewer 1912MKM22]
| | |--*M. ferruginea Roewer 1912K03
| | `--M. quadrimaculata (Roewer 1912) (see below for synonymy)MKM22
| `--+--Holovonones Roewer 1912MKM22, K03 (see below for synonymy)
| | `--*H. compressus (Pickard-Cambridge 1904) (see below for synonymy)K03
| `--VononesMKM22
`--+--FlirteinaeMKM22
| |--FlirteaMKM22
| `--Paecilaemana Roewer 1928MKM22 [=Poecilaemana (l. c.)K03]
| |--*P. halonata Roewer 1928K03, KA-Z11
| |--P. crux Roewer 1928KA-Z11
| |--P. quadripunctata Goodnight & Goodnight 1942 (see below for synonymy)K03
| `--P. reimoseri Roewer 1933K03
`--+--Neocynorta Roewer 1915MKM22, K03
| |--*N. virescens Roewer 1915 (see below for synonymy)K03
| |--N. marmorataMKM22
| |--N. m-inscripta Mello-Leitão 1939K03
| |--N. olivacea (Roewer 1947) [=Zaraxolia olivacea, Paecilaema olivacea]K03
| |--N. varicellosa Mello-Leitão 1944K03
| `--N. venezuelensisMKM22
`--MetergininaeMKM22

Acantholibitia Mello-Leitão 1928MKM22, K03 [=Acantholibita (l. c.)K03; incl. Bodunius Mello-Leitão 1935MKM22, Elleria Piza 1947 non Raymond 1944MKM22, Elleriana Kury 2003MKM22, Fortalezius Roewer 1947MKM22]

Acantholibitia biocellata (Mello-Leitão 1935) [=*Bodunius biocellatus; incl. *Elleria bilunata Piza 1947, Elleriana bilunata]MKM22

*Calicynorta bimaculata (Banks 1893) [=Cynorta bimaculata, Eucynortella bimaculata, Vonones bimaculata, V. bimaculatus]K03

Cynortellana oculata (Banks 1914) [=Cynorta oculata, Cynortula oculata; incl. Cynortellana circulata Roewer 1933]K03

*Cynortellana quadrimaculata (Gervais 1844) [=Cosmetus quadrimaculatus, Cynortellana g-maculata (l. c.), Cynorta quadrimaculata, Cynortella quadrimaculata]K03

Eulibitia h-inscriptum (Mello-Leitão 1941)MKM22, KA-Z11 [=*Platymessa h-inscriptumK03, Cynorta h-inscriptaK03, P. h-inscriptaK03]

Eulibitia victoriae (Pinzón-M. & Townsend in Pinzón-M., Townsend & Martínez-H. 2017) [=Platymessa victoriae]KM20

*Heterovonones incrassatus (Pickard-Cambridge 1904) [=Paravonones incrassatus, Vonones incrassatus; incl. P. schneirlai Goodnight & Goodnight 1946]K03

Holovonones Roewer 1912MKM22, K03 [incl. Disvonones Goodnight & Goodnight 1944K03, Tecavonones Goodnight & Goodnight 1944K03]

*Holovonones compressus (Pickard-Cambridge 1904) [=Paravonones compressus, Vonones compressus; incl. *Disvonones albilineatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1944, D. albiornatus Goodnight & Goodnight 1944, D. bilineata Goodnight & Goodnight 1944, *Tecavonones clavipes Goodnight & Goodnight 1944]K03

*Libitia cordata (Gervais 1844)MKM22 [=Cosmetus cordatusK03; incl. Phalangium fuscoferrugineum Olivier 1792 (n. o.?)K03, Gonyleptes multimaculatus Wood 1869K03, Cranaus multimaculatusK03]

Libitioides albolineata (Sørensen 1884)MKM22, K03 [=Cosmetus albolineatusK03, Cynorta albolineataK03]

Libitioides ornata (Say 1821)MKM22 [=Gonyleptes ornatumMKM22, Cosmetus ornatusK03, Cynorta ornataK03, Metacynorta ornataK03, Vonones ornataK03, Vernones ornata (l. c.)K03, Vonones ornatusK03]

Libitioides sayi (Simon 1879)MKM22, K03 [=Cynorta sayiK03, Cy. sayiiK03, Vonones sayiK03, *Libitioides ornata Roewer 1912 non Gonyleptes ornatum Say 1821K03, Vonones ornataK03; incl. Vonones modestus Banks 1909K03, Platycynorta transversalis Roewer 1952K03]

*Metacynorta gracilipes Pickard-Cambridge 1904 [=Vonones gracilipes; incl. Libitiodes (l. c. for Libitioides) petrunkevitchi Goodnight & Goodnight 1942, *Tonalia petrunkevitchi, Vonones petrunkevitchi]K03

Metacynorta longipes (Goodnight & Goodnight 1942) [=Libitiodes (l. c. for Libitioides) longipes, Tonalia longipes, Vonones longipes]K03

Metagryne quadrimaculata (Roewer 1912) [=*Paragryne quadrimaculata; incl. Eucynortoides brasiliensis Roewer 1916]MKM22

*Neocynorta virescens Roewer 1915 [incl. Zarax aenescens Sørensen 1932, Zaraxolia aenescens, Paecilaema aenescens]K03

Paecilaemana quadripunctata Goodnight & Goodnight 1942 [=Paecilaemana quadripuncta (l. c.), Paecilaemella quadripunctata]K03

Zaraxolia Strand 1942KA-Z11 [=Zarax Mello-Leitão 1933 nec Pascoe 1867 nec Fruhstorfer 1914KM20, Zaraxes Roewer 1947K03]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[K03] Kury, A. B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico 1: 1–337.

[K18] Kury, A. B. 2018. Familial nomina in harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Bionomina 13: 1–27.

[KA-Z11] Kury, A. B., & M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga. 2011. Addenda and corrigenda to the “Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)”. Zootaxa 3034: 47–68.

[KM20] Kury, A. B., A. C. Mendes, L. Cardoso, M. S. Kury & A. A. Granado. 2020. WCO-Lite: Online world catalogue of harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Version 1.0—Checklist of all valid nomina in Opiliones with authors and dates of publication up to 2018. Published by the author: Rio de Janeiro.

[MKM22] Medrano, M., A. B. Kury & A. C. Mendes. 2022. Morphology-based cladistics splinters the century-old dichotomy of the pied harvestmen (Arachnida: Gonyleptoidea: Cosmetidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 195 (2): 585–672.

[MP-R15] Monteiro, Y. F., & R. Pinto-da-Rocha. 2015. Revision of the genus Ferkeria Roewer, 1947, with the description of a new species (Opiliones: Laniatores: Cosmetidae). Zootaxa 4006 (2): 361–373.

[O08] Özdikmen, H. 2008. Nomenclatural changes for some preoccupied harvestman genus group names (Arachnida: Opiliones). Turkish Journal of Arachnology 1 (1): 37–43.

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