Cosmochthonioidea

Haplochthonius simplex, copyright Mitsunobu Shibata.

Belongs within: Oribatida.
Contains: Protoplophoridae, Sphaerochthoniidae, Cosmochthoniidae.

The Haplochthoniidae are a group of somewhat paedomorphic oribatid mites found in dry habitats such as building debris or dry soils.

Cosmochthonioidea [Protoplophoroidea]PL17
    |--+--ProtoplophoridaeN01
    |  `--SphaerochthoniidaeN01
    `--+--CosmochthoniidaeN01
       `--+--HaplochthoniidaeN01
          |    |--Amnemochthonius Grandjean 1949S04
          |    |    `--*A. taeniophorus Grandjean 1948S04
          |    `--Haplochthonius Willmann 1930 [incl. Tetrochthonius Hammer 1958]S04
          |         |--H. (Haplochthonius)S04
          |         |    |--*H. (H.) simplex (Willmann 1930) [=Cosmochthonius (*H.) simplex]S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) antarcticus Sanyal, Basak & Barman 2002S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) chamela Mahunka & Mejía-Recamier 1998S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) clavatus (Hammer 1958)S04 [=*Tetrochthonius clavatusSS82]
          |         |    |--H. (H.) crassisetosus Gil-Martín, Subías & Arillo 1992S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) graecus Mahunka 1992S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) intermedius Chakrabarti, Bhaduri & Raychaudhuri 1977S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) longisetus Sanyal, Basak & Barman 2002S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) maitri Sanyal, Basak & Barman 2002S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) muscicola Fujikawa 1996S04
          |         |    |--H. (H.) sanctaeluciae Bernini 1973S04
          |         |    `--H. (H.) variabilis Wallwork 1972S04
          |         `--H. (Senilochthonius Mahunka 1992)S04
          |              `--H. (*S.) baobab (Mahunka 1992) [=*Senilochthonius baobab]S04
          `--Paralycus Womersley 1944S04 [incl. Pediculochelus Lavoipierre 1946S04; PediculochelidaeN01]
               |--*P. pyrigerus (Berlese 1905)S04 [=Alicus pyrigerusCH98, Alycus pyrigerusS04]
               |--P. lavoipierrei (Price 1973) [=Pediculochelus lavoipierrei]S04
               |--P. parvulus (Price 1973) [=Pediculochelus parvulus]S04
               `--P. raulti (Lavoipierre 1946)S04 [=*Pediculochelus raultiCH98]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CH98] Colloff, M. J. & R. B. Halliday. 1998. Oribatid Mites: A catalogue of Australian genera and species. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[N01] Norton, R. A. 2001. Systematic relationships of Nothrolohmanniidae, and the evolutionary plasticity of body form in Enarthronota (Acari: Oribatida). In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 58–75. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[PL17] Pachl, P., A. C. Lindl, A. Krause, S. Scheu, I. Schaefer & M. Maraun. 2017. The tropics as an ancient cradle of oribatid mite diversity. Acarologia 57 (2): 309–322.

[SS82] Sarkar, S., & L. S. Subías. 1982. Some new macropylines oribates (Acarida) from India (Hypochthoniidae, Cosmochthonoidea and Epilohmanniidae). Eos 58: 311–318.

[S04] Subías, L. S. 2004. Listado sistemático, sinonímico y biogeográfico de los ácaros oribátidos (Acariformes, Oribatida) del mundo (1758–2002). Graellsia 60 (número extraordinario): 3–305.

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