Cottoidea

Arctic hookear sculpin Artediellus uncinatus, from Goode & Bean (1896).

Belongs within: Cottioidei.
Contains: Cottinae.

The Cottoidea, sculpins, are marine and freshwater fishes with large spiny heads, wide gill openings, broad mouths, slender bodies, large fan-like pectoral fins, small caudal fins, and pelvic fins reduced to three long rays (Collette & Klein-MacPhee 2002).

Cottoidea [Cottidae, Icelidae]
    |--+--Leptocottus armatusND13
    |  `--CottinaeND13
    `--+--+--Scorpaenichthys marmoratus Ayres 1854ND13, CWH77
       |  `--ArtediellusND13
       |       |--A. atlanticus Jordan & Evermann 1898K-M02a
       |       |--A. scaberB96
       |       `--A. uncinatusK-M02a
       `--+--Hemitripterus [Hemitripteridae]K-M02c
          |    `--H. americanus (Gmelin 1789)K-M02c
          `--AgonidaeND13
               |--Leptagonus decagonus Bloch & Schneider 1801K-M02d
               |--Agonopsis chiloensis (Jenyns 1840)LD09
               |--Xeneretmus latifrons (Gilbert 1890)LD09
               |--Stellerina xyosternaND13
               |--Agonus cataphractusLM13
               |--Podothecus costulatus Stinton 1978P93
               `--AspidophoroidesK-M02d
                    |--A. monopterygius (Bloch 1786)K-M02d
                    `--A. olrikiD56
Cottoidea incertae sedis:
  IcelusK=M02a
  PsychrolutidaeK-M02b
    |--Malacocottus zonurus Bean 1890KKV03, BNW02
    |--NeophrynichthysB96
    |--Psychrolutes phrictusB96
    `--CottunculusK-M02b
         |--C. microps Collett 1875K-M02b
         `--C. thomsonii (Günther 1882)LD09
  GymnocanthusK-M02a
    |--G. pistilligerL70
    |--G. tricuspis (Reinhardt 1830)K-M02a
    `--G. ventralis [=Phobetor ventralis]O05
  MyoxocephalusK-M02a
    |--M. aenaeus (Mitchill 1814) [=M. aeneus (l. c.)]K-M02a
    |--M. nigerB50
    |--M. octodecemspinosus (Mitchill 1814) [=M. octodecimspinosus (l. c.)]K-M02a
    |--M. quadricornisB96
    |--M. scorpioidesB96
    |--M. scorpius (Linnaeus 1758)K=M02a
    `--M. thompsoniSBW95
  Triglops murrayi Günther 1888K-M02a
  Taurulus bubalis Euphrasen 1786LD09
  Trachydermus [incl. Centridermichthys]JR10
    `--T. fasciatus Heckel 1840 [=Trachidermus fasciatus; incl. Trachydermus ansatus]JR10
  Eocottus veronensis (Volta 1796)P93
  AntipodocottusN85
    |--A. elegans Fricke & Brunken 1984N85
    |--A. galatheaeN85
    `--A. megalops DeWitt 1969N85
  StlengisN85
    |--*S. osensisN85
    |--S. distoechusN85
    |--S. mesembrinus Fricke & Brunken 1983N85
    `--S. misakiaN85
  Atopocottus Bolin 1936N85
    `--A. tribranchiusN85
  Ascelichthys rhodorusN85
  Chitonotus pugetensisN85
  ClinocottusN85
    |--C. acuticepsN85
    |--C. analisB96
    `--C. globicepsB96
  Enophrys bisonN85
  Icelinus borealisN85
  Jordania zonopeN85
  Oligocottus maculosusN85
  Hemilepidotus hemilepidotusN85
  Alcichthys alcicornisN85
  Elaphichthys elongatusN85
  Phasmatocottus ctenopterygiusN85
  PseudoblenniusN85

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BNW02] Benz, G. W., K. Nagasawa & J. Wetmore. 2002. New host and ocean records for the parasitic copepod Bobkabata kabatabobbus (Lernaeosoleidae: Poecilostomatoida). Pacific Science 56 (3): 259–262.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[B50] Brooks, J. L. 1950. Speciation in ancient lakes. Quarterly Review of Biology 25: 30–60.

[CWH77] Cooper, J., M. Wieland & A. Hines. 1977. Subtidal abalone populations in an area inhabited by sea otters. Veliger 20 (2): 163–167.

[D56] Dawes, B. 1956. The Trematoda with special reference to British and other European forms. University Press: Cambridge.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[K-M02a] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002a. Sculpins. Family Cottidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 346–357. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02b] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002b. Fathead sculpins. Family Psychrolutidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 357–358. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02c] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002c. Sea ravens. Family Hemitripteridae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 358–361. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[K-M02d] Klein-MacPhee, G. 2002d. Alligatorfishes. Family Agonidae. In: Collette, B. B., & G. Klein-MacPhee (eds) Bigelow and Schroeder’s Fishes of the Gulf of Maine 3rd ed. pp. 361–362. Smithsonian Institute Press: Washington.

[KKV03] Kontula, T., S. V. Kirilchik & R. Väinölä. 2003. Endemic diversification of the monophyletic cottoid fish species flock in Lake Baikal explored with mtDNA sequencing. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 143–155.

[L70] Land, J. van der. 1970. Systematics, zoogeography, and ecology of the Priapulida. Zoologische Verhandelingen 112: 1–118.

[LM13] Lautredou, A.-C., H. Motomura, C. Gallut, C. Ozouf-Costaz, C. Cruaud, G. Lecointre & A. Dettai. 2013. New nuclear markers and exploration of the relationships among Serraniformes (Acanthomorpha, Teleostei): the importance of working at multiple scales. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 67: 140–155.

[LD09] Li, B., A. Dettaï, C. Cruaud, A. Couloux, M. Desoutter-Meniger & G. Lecointre. 2009. RNF213, a new nuclear marker for acanthomorph phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 50: 345–363.

[ND13] Near, T. J., A. Dornburg, R. I. Eytan, B. P. Keck, W. L. Smith, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, S. A. Price, F. T. Burbrink, M. Friedman & P. C. Wainwright. 2013. Phylogeny and tempo of diversification in the superradiation of spiny-rayed fishes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 110 (31): 12738–12743.

[N85] Nelson, J. S. 1985. On the relationship of the New Zealand marine fish Antipodocottus galatheae with the Japanese Stlengis misakia (Scorpaenifores: Cottidae). NZOI Records 5 (1): 1–12.

[O05] Odhner, T. 1905. Die Trematoden des arktischen Gebietes. In: Römer, F., & F. Schaudinn (eds) Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellun der arktischen Tierformen, mit besonder Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898 vol. 4 pp. 289–372. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

[P93] Patterson, C. 1993. Osteichthyes: Teleostei. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 621–656. Chapman & Hall: London.

[SBW95] Stauffer, J. R., Jr, J. M. Boltz & L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146: 1–389.

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