Crabronidae

Dinetus pictus, copyright Sarah Gregg.

Belongs within: Apoidea.
Contains: Sericophorus, Bothynostethini, Solierella, Miscophus, Oxybelini, Crabronini, Palarus, Plenoculus, Paranysson, Larrini, Lyroda, Sphodrotes, Trypoxylini, Nitela.

The Crabronidae are a group of apoid wasps restricted by Sann et al. (2018) on the basis of molecular data to a clade including members of the genus Dinetus together with the subfamilies Crabroninae and Larrinae as recognised by Bohart & Menke (1976). Members of this clade usually have antennal sockets low on the face, often contiguous with the frontoclypeal suture, and have a relatively short jugal lobe on the hind wing. Dinetus is a Palaearctic genus of small, colourful wasps in which the males have distinctively rolled and twisted antennae (Bohart & Menke 1976).

<==Crabronidae
|--Dinetus Panzer 1806PK17, BM76 [Dinetinae, Dinetini]
| |--*D. pictus (Fabricius 1793)BM76 (see below for synonymy)
| |--D. arenarius Kazenas 1973BM76
| |--D. cereolus Morice 1897BM76
| | |--D. c. cereolusBM76
| | `--D. c. politus Turner 1917BM76
| |--D. dentipes Saunders 1910 [incl. D. gracilis Giner Marí 1945]BM76
| |--D. nabataeus Beaumont 1960BM76
| |--D. pulawskii Beaumont 1960BM76
| |--D. simplicipes Saunders 1910 [incl. D. perezi Ferton 1914]BM76
| `--D. venustus Beaumont 1956BM76
`--Crabroninae [Larridae, Larrinae, Miscophini]SN18
| i. s.: Sericophorini [Sericophorinae]LP10
| |--SericophorusLP10
| `--Larrisson Menke 1967LP10
| |--*L. abnormis (Turner 1914)C85 [=Sericophorus abnormisLP10]
| |--L. azyx Menke 1979C85
| |--L. nedymus Menke 1979C85
| `--L. rieki Menke 1979C85
| Aha Menke 1977LP10, C85
| |--*A. ha Menke 1977C85
| `--A. evansi Menke 1977C85
| 0--BothynostethiniBM76
| `--ScapheutiniBM76
| |--Bohartella Menke 1968BM76
| | `--*B. scapheutoides Menke 1968BM76
| `--Scapheutes Handlirsch 1887BM76
| |--*S. mocsaryi Handlirsch 1887BM76
| |--S. brasilianus Handlirsch 1895BM76
| |--S. flavopictus (Smith 1860) [=Pison flavopictus]BM76
| |--S. friburgensis Brèthes 1913BM76
| `--S. laetus (Smith 1860) [=Pison laetus]BM76
| 0--SolierellaBM76
| `--+--+--MiscophusBM76
| | `--Saliostethus Brauns in Kohl 1896 [incl. Mutillonitela Bridwell 1920]BM76
| | |--*S. lentifrons Braun 1896BM76
| | |--S. capicola Arnold 1923BM76
| | |--S. lounsburyi (Bridwell 1920) [=Mutillonitela lounsburyi]BM76
| | |--S. mimicus (Bridwell 1920) [=*Mutillonitela mimica]BM76
| | `--S. rhodesianus Arnold 1929BM76
| `--+--Saliostethoides Arnold 1924BM76
| | `--*S. saltator Arnold 1924 [=Saliostethus saltator; incl. Miscophus reptans Arnold 1962]BM76
| `--Miscophoides Brauns in Kohl 1896BM76
| |--*M. (Miscophoides) handlirschii Brauns 1896BM76
| `--M. (Miscophoidellus Menke in Bohart & Menke 1976)BM76
| |--M. (*M.) formosus Arnold 1924BM76
| `--M. (M.) minutus Arnold 1952BM76
|--+--OxybeliniPK17
| `--CrabroniniPK17
`--+--+--PalarusSN18
| `--+--Mesopalarus Brauns 1899BM76
| | |--*M. mayri Brauns 1899BM76
| | `--M. turneri Arnold 1931BM76
| `--+--PlenoculusBM76
| `--ParanyssonSN18
`--+--+--LarriniSN18
| `--+--LyrodaSN18
| `--SphodrotesSN18
`--+--TrypoxyliniSN18
`--+--NitelaSN18
`--Auchenophorus Turner 1907BM76
|--*A. coruscans Turner 1907C85
|--A. aeneus Turner 1907C85
`--A. fulvicornis Turner 1907C85

Crabronidae incertae sedis:
‘Vespa’ argyrostoma Gmelin 1790 [=V. argurostoma (l. c.)]BM76
‘Vespa’ braccata Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ canescens Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ chrysogona Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ chrysopus Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ chrysostoma Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ clavata Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ cylindrica Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ dichroa Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ ferruginea Gmelin 1790BM76 [=Polistes ferrugineusL02]
‘Vespa’ flavicans Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ flavipes Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ immaculata Gmelin 1790 [=V. immacula (l. c.)]BM76
‘Vespa’ leskii Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ lutea Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ marginata Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ melanostoma Gmelin 1790 [=V. melanops (l. c.)]BM76
‘Vespa’ nigerrima Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ ochropus Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ punctulata Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ tibialis Gmelin 1790BM76
‘Vespa’ unifasciata Gmelin 1790BM76

*Dinetus pictus (Fabricius 1793)BM76 [=Crabro pictusBM76, Larra (Dinetus) pictaG20; incl. C. ceraunius Rossi 1794BM76, Sphex guttatus Fabricius 1793 non Gmelin 1790BM76]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[C85] Cardale, J. C. 1985. Vespoidea and Sphecoidea. In: Walton, D. W. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 2. Hymenoptera: Formicoidea, Vespoidea and Sphecoidea pp. 150–303. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[LP10] Lomholdt, O., & W. J. Pulawski. 2010. A revision of the wasp genus Sericophorus F. Smith, 1851 (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Crabronidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, series 4, 61 (1): 1–234.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[SN18] Sann, M., O. Niehuis, R. S. Peters, C. Mayer, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, S. Bank, K. Meusemann, B. Misof, C. Bleidorn & M. Ohl. 2018. Phylogenomic analysis of Apoidea sheds new light on the sister group of bees. BMC Evolutionary Biology 18: 71.

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