Craspedophorus

Craspedophorus sublaevis, copyright Peter Geissler.

Belongs within: Panagaeitae.

Craspedophorus is a genus of ground beetles widespread in the Palaeotropics, species of which have a distinctive colour pattern of four bright spots on the elytra and are often flightless. This coloration reflects the beetle’s glandular production of defensive chemicals that are held in large reservoirs in the abdomen.

Craspedophorus Hope 1838 [incl. Epicosmus Chaudoir 1846, Eudema Castelnau 1840, Isotarsus LaFerté-Sénectère 1851] LM87
    |–*C. reflexus (Fabricius 1781) [=Carabus reflexus] LM87
    |–C. alternans (Castelnau 1867) [=Eudema alternans] LM87
    |–C. angulatus (Fabricius 1781) B14
    |–C. angusticeps Sloane 1923 LM87
    |–C. australasiae (Chaudoir 1850) [=Epicosmus australasiae; incl. E. froggatti Sloane 1903 LM87
    |–C. australis (Dejean 1831) [=Panagaeus australis; incl. Epicosmus mastersi Sloane 1903] LM87
    |–C. banksi Sloane 1923 LM87
    |–C. clasispila B55
    |–C. comptus (LaFerté-Sénectère 1851) [=Isotarsus comptus; incl. Epicosmus corpulentus Chaudoir 1879] LM87
    |–C. elongatus (Castelnau 1867) [=Eudema elongata] LM87
    |–‘Epicosmus’ feae Bates 1889 B89
    |–C. hexagonus B14
    |–C. impictus B55
    |–C. insignis (Schaum 1853) [=Isotarsus insignis; incl. C. convexus Macleay 1864] LM87
    |–C. longicollis (Chaudoir 1879) [=Epicosmus longicollis] LM87
    |–C. macleayi (Sloane 1903) [=Epicosmus macleayi, E. nobile Macleay 1888 non Dejean 1826] LM87
    |–C. ornatus B55
    |–C. parvulus (Macleay 1888) [=Eudema parvulum] LM87
    |–C. pubiger B14
    |–‘Panageus’ regalis Gory 1833 [=*Eudema regale, *Isotarsus regalis] LM87
    |–C. rikatlensis B55
    |–C. rockhamptonensis (Castelnau 1867) [=Eudema rockhamptonensis; incl. Epicosmus obesulus Sloane 1903] LM87
    |–C. rufipalpis OM08
    |–C. sublaevis B14
    |–‘Panageus’ tormentosus Vigors 1825 [=*Epicosmus tormentosus] LM87
    `–‘Epicosmus’ transversalis B89

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[B55] Basilewsky, P. 1955. Carabidae (Coleoptera) de l’Angola (première partie). Diamang Publicações Culturais 27: 91–137.

[B89] Bates, H. W. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmani e regioni vicine. XVI.—On some Carabidae from Burma collected by Mr. L. Fea. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 100–111.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[LM87] Lawrence, J. F., B. P. Moore, J. E. Pyke & T. A. Weir. 1987. Zoological Catalogue of Australia vol. 4. Coleoptera: Archostemata, Myxophaga and Adephaga. Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra.

[OM08] Ober, K. A., & D. R. Maddison. 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of tribes within Harpalinae (Coleoptera: Carabidae) as inferred from 28S ribosomal DNA and the wingless gene. Journal of Insect Science 8: 63.

Last updated: 3 November 2018.

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