Crassitarsae

Cantuaria sp., copyright Steve Reekie.

Belongs within: Mygalomorphae.
Contains: Ctenizinae, Barychelidae, Theraphosidae, Nemesiidae, Migoidea.

The Idiopoidea are a clade of mygalomorph spiders in which the legs bear tarsal spines, females lack scopulae on the first and second tarsi, and the anterior metatarsi and tibiae of the female possess digging spines. They are trapdoor spiders, living in burrows closed with wafer- or cork-type lids. Within the clade, members of the family Ctenizidae possess a triangular sternum and relatively short legs with lateral bands of short thorn-like spines distally on the fore legs of females (Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007).

Crassitarsae (see below for synonymy)WC17
| i. s.: Eucyrtops latiorK77
| Actinoxia versicolorP72
|--+--CtenizinaeWC17
| `--Euctenizidae [Euctenizinae]WC17
| |--Myrmekiaphila fluviatilisWC17
| `--+--+--Neoapachella rothiWC17
| | `--+--Aptostichus atomariusWC17
| | `--Apomastus kristenaeWC17
| `--+--Promyrmekiaphila clathrataWC17
| `--EuctenizaWC17
| |--E. relataWC17
| `--+--E. cabowaboWC17
| `--Entychides arizonicusWC17
`--+--+--CyrtaucheniidaeWC17
| | | i. s.: AcontiusJD-S07
| | | Homostola pardalinaWC17
| | |--Aporoptychiinae [Aporoptychi]JD-S07
| | | |--Rhytidicolus Simon 1889S89
| | | | `--*R. structor Simon 1889S89
| | | |--Ancylotrypa bicornuta Strand 1906S89, J98
| | | |--*Phaenothele gaujoni (Sim. 1889)S89
| | | |--Phaeoclita Simon 1889S89
| | | | `--*P. fauna Simon 1889S89
| | | |--AporoptychusS89
| | | | |--*A. australisS89
| | | | `--A. africanus Simon 1889S89
| | | `--Celidotopus Simon 1889S89
| | | `--*C. pulchripes Simon 1889S89
| | `--Cyrtaucheniinae [Cyrtauchenii]JD-S07
| | |--Cyrtauchenius Thorell 1869JD-S07
| | `--AtmetochilusS89
| `--+--BarychelidaeWC17
| `--TheraphosidaeWC17
`--+--NemesiidaeWC17
`--MigoideaWC17

Crassitarsae [Ctenizidae, Ctenizoidea, Dionychae, Domiothelina, Idiopoidea, Rastelloidina, Theraphosoidea, Theraphosoidina]WC17

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[K77] Koch, L. E. 1977. The taxonomy, geographic distribution and evolutionary radiation of Australo-Papuan scorpions. Records of the Western Australian Museum 5 (2): 83–367.

[P72] Powell, J. A. 1972. Additional prey records for the forest-dwelling spider wasp, Priocnemis oregona (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (4): 277–278.

[S89] Simon, E. 1889. Voyage de M. E. Simon au Venezuela (Décembre 1887–Avril 1888). 4e mémoire. Arachnides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 169–220, pls 1–3.

[WC17] Wheeler, W. C., J. A. Coddington, L. M. Crowley, D. Dimitrov, P. A. Goloboff, C. E. Griswold, G. Hormiga, L. Prendini, M. J. Ramírez, P. Sierwald, L. Almeida-Silva, F. Alvarez-Padilla, M. A. Arnedo, L. R. Benavides Silva, S. P. Benjamin, J. E. Bond, C. J. Grismado, E. Hasan, M. Hedin, M. A. Izquierdo, F. M. Labarque, J. Ledford, L. Lopardo, W. P. Maddison, J. A. Miller, L. N. Piacentini, N. I. Platnick, D. Polotow, D. Silva-Dávila, N. Scharff, T. Szűts, D. Ubick, C. J. Vink, H. M. Wood & J. Zhang. 2017. The spider tree of life: phylogeny of Araneae based on target-gene analyses from an extensive taxon sampling. Cladistics 33: 574–616.

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