Cryphalus

Cryphalus abietis, copyright Udo Schmidt.

Belongs within: Hylesininae.

Cryphalus is a genus of monogamous, phloeophagous bark beetles found in the Old World and North America (Wood 1986).

Characters (from Wood 1986): Antennal funicle four-segmented, antennal club strongly flattened with aseptate, recurved (occasionally weakly procurved) sutures clearly marked by grooves and setae; eye emarginate; both basal and basal third of lateral margins of pronotum marked by a fine, raised line; basal margins of elytra forming a straight, transverse line across body, unarmed, with a weakly elevated continuous line; costal margin of elytra ascending from base of declivity to apex; procoxae narrowly separated, intercoxal piece not longitudinally emarginate; metepisternum largely covered by elytra, its groove for reception of costal flange obsolete, a small, transverse callus at anterior end of metepisternum; tarsal segment 3 rather broad, bilobed.

<==Cryphalus Erichson 1836M94 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*C. asperatusM94 [=Bostrichus asperatusM94]
    |--C. abietisM94 [=Bostrichus abietusW86, *Taenioglyptes abietusW86]
    |--C. birosimensis [=*Ernocryphalus birosimensis]W86
    |--C. inops Eichh. 1871FS90
    |--C. kolbei (Hagedorn 1912) [=*Allarthrum kolbei]W86
    |--C. lipingensis [=*Acryphalus lipingensis]W86
    |--C. piceus [=*Jugocryphalus piceus]W86
    |--C. pilosellus Erichs. 1842M87
    |--C. ruficollisW86
    |--C. saltuariusM94
    |--C. sidneyanus Nördling 1856M87 [=Bostrichus sidneyanusW86, *Pseudocryphalus sidneyanusW86]
    |--C. sylvicola [=Hypothenemus sylvicola; incl. *Ericryphalus henshawi, *Piperius pini]W86
    |--C. walkeri [=*Cryptarthrum walkeri]W86
    `--C. wapleri Eichhoff 1871M94

Cryphalus Erichson 1836M94 [incl. Acryphalus Tsai & Li 1963W86, Allarthrum Hagedorn 1912W86, Cryptarthrum Blandford 1896W86, Ericryphalus Hopkins 1915W86, Ernocryphalus Murayama 1958W86, Jugocryphalus Tsai & Li 1963W86, Piperius Hopkins 1915W86, Pseudocryphalus Ferrari 1868A02, Taenioglyptes Bedel 1888W86]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A02] Anderson, R. S. 2002. Curculionidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 722–815. CRC Press.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[M87] Masters, G. 1887. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part VI. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (4): 979–1036.

[M94] May, B. M. 1994. An introduction to the immature stages of Australian Curculionoidea. In: Zimmerman, E. C. Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) vol. 2. Brentidae, Eurhynchidae, Apionidae and a chapter on immature stages by Brenda May pp. 365–728. CSIRO Australia.

[W86] Wood, S. L. 1986. A reclassification of the genera of Scolytidae (Coleoptera). Great Basin Naturalist Memoirs 10: 1–126.

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