Cryptocephalini

Cryptocephalus decemmaculatus, copyright Stanislav Krejčík.

Belongs within: Chrysomelidae.
Contains: Cryptocephalus (Burlinius).

The Cryptocephalini are a group of leaf beetles whose larvae feed on dead leaves accumulated on the ground and protect themselves within a case composed of faeces and debris (Lawrence & Britton 1991). The genus Cryptocephalus is one of the largest genera recognised in the animal kingdom, with close to 1800 species found worldwide. Within the Cryptocephalini, members of the subtribe Monachulina are distinguished by the presence of a broad basal tooth on each of the tarsal claws (Riley et al. 2002).

<==CryptocephaliniSW07
| i. s.: Acolastus Gerstaecker 1855SW07
| Mylassa Stål 1857SW07
| Cadmus aurantiacusLB91, QI93
| DitropidusLB91
| Melixanthus adamsi Baly 1877L89
|--MonachulinaRC02
| |--Isnus petasus Selman 1962SW07
| `--Lexiphanes Gistel 1847 [incl. Monachulus Leng 1918, Monachus Chevrolat 1836 non Fleming 1822]RC02
| `--L. saponatus (Fabricius 1801)RC02
|--PachybrachinaRC02
| |--Griburius Haldeman 1849 [incl. Scolochrus Suffrian 1852]RC02
| | |--G. larvatusAT01
| | `--G. scutellarisRC02
| `--Pachybrachis Chevrolat 1836 [=Pachybrachys (l. c.)]RC02
| | i. s.: P. fimbriolatusC01
| | P. hieroghyphicus [incl. P. hieroghyphicus var. tristis]C01
| |--P. (Pachybrachis) [incl. Homoeostigmus Jacobson 1917, Pachystylus Rey 1883]RC02
| | `--P. (P.) othonusRC02
| `--P. (Chloropachys Rey 1883)RC02
`--CryptocephalinaRC02
|--Diachus LeConte 1880 [incl. Fabricianus Weise 1895]RC02
| `--D. auratus (Fabricius 1801)RC02
|--Triachus LeConte 1880 [incl. Parephistemus Casey 1924]RC02
| `--T. peninsularis Schaeffer 1906RC02
|--Bassareus Haldeman 1849RC02
| |--B. brunnipesRC02
| |--B. croceipennisAT01
| `--B. lituratusRC02
`--Cryptocephalus Geoffroy 1762 (nom. cons.) [Cryptocephalina]ES06
| i. s.: C. aeneipennis Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
| C. asturiensis Heyden 1870BN04
| C. aureolus Suffrian 1847BN04
| C. australis Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
| C. bilineatus [incl. C. bilineatus var. armeniacus]C01
| C. bioculatus Lefèvre 1889L89
| C. bipunctatusC01
| C. bipustulatusLC40
| C. birmanicus Jacoby 1889J89
| C. cantabricus Franz 1958BN04
| C. carnifexB70
| C. consors Boisduval 1835B35
| C. cordigerC01
| C. convergens Sassi 2001BN04
| C. coryliLC40
| C. crucicollis Boisduval 1835B35
| C. decastictusF89
| C. discoderus Fairmaire 1889F89
| C. duodecatus Fairmaire 1889F89
| C. elegantulusC01
| C. exilis Suffr. 1852FS90
| C. flavipes [incl. C. flavipes var. nigrescens]C01
| C. geminusLC40
| C. globicollis Suffrian 1847BN04
| C. globus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
| C. grammicus Suffr. 1851FS90
| C. guadeloupensis Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
| C. haematodes Boisduval 1835B35
| C. histrioLC40
| C. hypochaeridis (Linné 1758)BN04
| |--C. h. hypochaeridisBN04
| |--C. h. cristula Dufour 1843BN04
| `--C. h. transiens Franz 1949BN04
| C. indicusJ89
| C. janthinusC01
| C. labiatusC01
| C. laevicollisC01
| C. minutusLC40
| C. monochroa Boisduval 1835B35
| C. moraeiC01
| C. multiplexJ89
| C. ocellatusC01
| C. ovatus Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
| C. parentheticusLB91
| C. pygmaeusLC40
| C. quadriguttatus Laporte de Castelnau 1840LC40
| C. regalisF89
| C. rubiginosus [incl. C. gigas]B35
| C. sannio [incl. C. interjectus]J89
| C. sexpustulatusC01
| C. speciosus d’Urville in Boisduval 1835B35
| C. swinhoei Bates 1866B66
| C. tibialis Brisout 1866BN04
| C. tricinctusJ89
| C. trifasciatus [incl. C. orientalis Hope 1831]L89
| C. unifasciatus Jacoby 1889J89
| C. venustusRC02
| C. violaceus Laicharting 1781BN04
| C. vitraci Fleutiaux & Sallé 1890FS90
| C. vittatusLC40
| C. zambanellusB14
|--C. (Cryptocephalus) (see below for synonymy)RC02
| |--*C. (C.) decemmaculatus (Linnaeus 1758)ES06
| `--C. (C.) sericeus (Linné 1758)G20, BN04 [incl. C. sericeus var. coeruleusC01, C. sericeus var. pratorumC01]
|--C. (Asionus Lopatin 1988) (see below for synonymy)RC02
|--C. (Bertiellus Lopatin 1977)RC02
|--C. (Burlinius)ES06
|--C. (Cerodens Burlini 1969) [incl. Ceropachys Burlini 1953 non Costa 1847]RC02
|--C. (Cryptodontus Burlini 1969)RC02
|--C. (Disopus Chevrolat 1836) [incl. Taxaris Gistel 1847]RC02
|--C. (Heterichnus Warchalowski 1991) [incl. Heterodactylus Medvedev 1963 non Spix 1825]RC02
|--C. (Lamellosus Tomov 1979)RC02
`--C. (Protophysus Chevrolat 1836) [=Proctophysus (l. c.)]RC02

Cryptocephalus (Asionus Lopatin 1988) [incl. Aryana Berti & Rapilly 1973 non Pate 1943, Asiopus Lopatin 1965 non Sharp 1892]RC02

Cryptocephalus Geoffroy 1762 (Cryptocephalus) [incl. Anodonta Saunders 1845 non Lamarck 1799, Canthostethus Haldeman 1849, Dicenopsis Saunders 1842, Euphyma Baly 1877, Homalopus Chevrolat 1836, Idiocephala Saunders 1845, Mecostethus Stål 1857, Mitocera Saunders 1842, Ochrosopsis Saunders 1843, Ochrosopsus (l. c.), Physicerus Chevrolat 1836, Strigophorus Chevrolat 1836 (n. n.)]RC02

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[AT01] Arnett, R. H., Jr & M. C. Thomas (eds) 2001. American Beetles vol. 1. Archostemata, Myxophaga, Adephaga, Polyphaga: Staphyliniformia. CRC Press: Boca Raton.

[BN04] Baselga, A., & F. Novoa. 2004. La colección del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (Madrid) de Cryptocephalus Geoffroy, 1762 (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) de los grupos de C. sericeus (Linné, 1758), C. hypochaeridis (Linné, 1758) y C. violaceus Laicharting, 1781. Graellsia 60 (1): 95–99.

[B66] Bates, H. W. 1866. On a collection of Coleoptera from Formosa sent home by R. Swinhoe, Esq., H. B. M. Consul, Formosa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 339–355.

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[B14] Bouchard, P. (ed.) 2014. The Book of Beetles: A lifesize guide to six hundred of nature’s gems. Ivy Press: Lewes (United Kingdom).

[B70] Britton, E. B. 1970. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 495–621. Melbourne University Press.

[C01] Csiki, E. 1901. Bogarak [Coleopteren]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 75–120. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[ES06] Erber, D., & M. Schöller. 2006. Revision of the Cryptocephalus-species of the Canary Islands and Madeira (Insecta, Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae, Cryptocephalinae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 86 (1): 85–107.

[F89] Fairmaire, L. 1889. Coléoptères de l’intérieur de la Chine. 5e partie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 5–84.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[J89] Jacoby, M. 1889. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XVII.—List of the phytophagous Coleoptera obtained by Signor L. Fea at Burmah and Tenasserim, with descriptions of the new species. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, Serie 2a, 7: 147–237.

[LC40] Laporte de Castelnau, F. 1840. Histoire Naturelle des Insectes Coléoptères vol. 2. P. Duménil: Paris.

[LB91] Lawrence, J. F., & E. B. Britton. 1991. Coleoptera (beetles). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 543–683. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[L89] Lefèvre, É. 1889. Contribution a la faune Indo-Chinoise. 4e mémoire. Cryptocéphalides, clytrides et eumolpides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 287–299.

[QI93] Quicke, D. L. J., & S. N. Ingram. 1993. Braconine wasps of Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33 (1): 299–336.

[RC02] Riley, E. G., S. M. Clark, R. W. Flowers & A. J. Gilbert. 2002. Chrysomelidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 617–691. CRC Press.

[SW07] Schöller, M., & V. Witte. 2007. A review of the genus Clytrasoma Jacoby 1908, with description of a new species collected within a Camponotus sp. ant-nest (Insecta: Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae; Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 87 (1): 51–61.

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