Cryptorhynchus

Poplar and willow borer Cryptorhynchus lapathi, copyright Macro Owadziarnia.

Belongs within: Cryptorhynchina.

Cryptorhynchus is a genus of weevils often associated with dead or dying trees (Anderson 2002).

Characters (from Anderson 2002): Pronotum not produced over head, head visible in dorsal view; rostrum more or less evenly curved; mandible prominent when closed, with obvious acute tooth on inner margin, angle between basal and apical cusps acute; antenna with funicle of seven articles; eyes moderately separated by slightly less than width of rostrum at base, only partially covered by postocular lobes when rostrum is in repose; elytra with intervals of more or less equal height, although alternate intervals 3, 5 and 7 may possess patches of suberect or erect broad scales giving an elevated appearance; hind femur with ventral margin simple or with one or two separate acute teeth; hind tibia with apical comb of stout setae; tarsi with claws separate, not connate at base.

Cryptorhynchus Illiger 1807 (see below for synonymy)A02
|--*C. lapathi (Linnaeus 1758)M78, D09
|--C. albicollis Germ. 1848M86
|--C. antares Erichs. 1842M86
|--C. apicalis Boisduval 1835B35
|--C. australis Boisduval 1835M86
|--‘Calandra’ bituberculataB35
|--C. capucinus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. cariosus Erichs. 1842M86
|--C. cingillum Gyll. 1837 [=C. cingulum]FS90
|--C. claviger (Chv. 1880) [=Coelosternus claviger]FS90
|--C. clericus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. corticalis Boh. 1837FS90
|--‘Calandra’ cruciataB35
|--C. decemguttatus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. dentatus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. dromedarius Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
|--C. ephippiger Boisduval 1835M86
|--C. femoralis Erichs. 1842M86
|--C. fuliginosus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
|--C. fuscatus LeConte 1876A02
|--C. guadelupensis Rosensch. 1837 [=C. guadulpensis; incl. C. graphonotus]FS90
|--C. helvus LeConte 1878A02
|--C. hurdi Zimmerman 1971P92
|--C. infernalis (Chv. 1880) [=Coelosternus infernalis]FS90
|--C. insularis Rosensch. 1837 [incl. C. maculicollis, C. semicarinatus]FS90
|--C. lithodermus Boisduval 1835M86
|--C. longimanus Bohem. 1859M86
|--‘Rhynchaenus’ luridusB35
|--C. mangiferae [=Rhynchaenus mangiferae]B35
|--‘Rhynchaenus’ meditabundusB35
|--C. minutissimus LeConte 1876A02
|--C. moestusM86 [=Curculio modestusB35]
|--C. monachus Dejean in Boisduval 1835B35
|--C. nodulosus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. pericarpius (Linnaeus 1758)G20, L58 [=Curculio pericarpiusG20]
|--C. quadrifoveatus Chv. 1880 [incl. C. pallidicornis Chv. 1880]FS90
|--C. quadripunctatus Chv. 1880FS90
|--C. sexcostatus (Chv. 1880) [=Rhyssomatus sexcostatus; incl. R. fasciatus Chv. 1880]FS90
|--C. sirius Erichs. 1842M86
|--C. stigmaticus Pascoe 1870M86
|--‘Rhynchaenus’ strepidusB35
|--C. succisus Erichs. 1842M86
|--C. teter Boisduval 1835M86
`--C. vacillatus Boh. 1837 (see below for synonymy)FS90

Cryptorhynchus Illiger 1807 [=Cryptorrhynchus Bedel 1884; incl. Arachnipes Villa & Villa 1833, Atrichopsis Voss 1954, Cryptorhynchidius Pierce 1919, Cryptorrhynchobius Voss 1965]A02

Cryptorhynchus vacillatus Boh. 1837 [incl. C. vacillatus var. delumbatus Rosensch. 1837, Euscepes fur Chv. 1880, C. latio, Acalles leporinus Chv. 1879, C. vacillatus var. leporinus, Euscepes ornatipennis Chv. 1879, C. vacillatus var. ornatipennis]FS90

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A02] Anderson, R. S. 2002. Curculionidae Latreille 1802. In: Arnett, R. H., Jr, M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley & J. H. Frank (eds) American Beetles vol. 2. Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea pp. 722–815. CRC Press.

[B35] Boisduval, J. B. 1835. Voyage de Découvertes de l’Astrolabe. Exécuté par ordre du Roi, pendant les années 1826–1827–1828–1829, sous le commandement de M. J. Dumont d’Urville. Faune entomologique de l’océan Pacifique, avec l’illustration des insectes nouveaux recueillis pendant le voyage vol. 2. Coléoptères et autres ordres. J. Tastu: Paris.

[D09] Davis, S. R. 2009. Morphology of Baridinae and related groups (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). ZooKeys 10: 1–136.

[FS90] Fleutiaux, E., & A. Sallé. 1890. Liste des coléoptères de la Guadeloupe et descriptions d’espèces nouvelles. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France, 6e série 9: 351–484.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part V. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (3): 585–686.

[M78] Morimoto, K. 1978. On the genera of Oriental Cryptorhynchinae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Esakia 11: 121–143.

[P92] Poinar, G. O., Jr. 1992. Life in Amber. Stanford University Press: Stanford.

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