Cunoniaceae

Tineo Weinmannia trichosperma, copyright Dick Culbert.

Belongs within: Oxalidales.

The Cunoniaceae are a group of flowering trees and shrubs, usually with opposite, toothed leaves, found in temperate and tropical regions of the Southern Hemisphere. Members include coachwood Ceratopetalum apetalum which is used for its timber (Harden 1990).

Characters (from Harden 1990): Trees or shrubs, rarely climbers. Leaves opposite, rarely whorled, margins toothed (occasionally entire), simple or compound, often 3-foliolate, sometimes 1-foliolate, pinnate or palmate; stipules usually interpetiolar, often conspicuous, falling early and leaving distinctive scars between petiole bases. Inflorescence usually cymose, sometimes flowers in racemes or clustered in heads, rarely solitary. Flowers actinomorphic, generally bisexual; floral parts hypogynous, perigynous or epigynous. Sepals 4-6, sometimes basally fused and enlarging during fruit formation. Petals absent or 4-6, usually small. Stamens 8-20. Ovary usually superior or rarely half-inferior, 2-5-locular. Fruit a capsule, a nut or drupaceous.

<==Cunoniaceae
    |--EucryphiaH08 [Eucryphiaceae, EucryphioideaeT00]
    |    |--E. lucidaWM09
    |    `--E. mooreiH90
    |--DavidsoniaH90 [Davidsoniaceae, DavidsonioideaeT00]
    |    `--D. pruriensH90
    |         |--D. p. var. pruriensH90
    |         `--D. p. var. jerseyanaH90
    |--BaueraH08 [Baueraceae, BaueroideaeT00]
    |    |--B. capitataH90
    |    |--B. microphylla [=B. rubioides var. microphylla]H90
    |    `--B. rubioidesS09
    `--Cunonieae [Cunonioideae]T00
         |--Vesselowskya rubifoliaH08, H90
         |--Pancheria mcphersoniiH08
         |--CunoniaH08
         |    |--C. capensisK02
         |    |--C. macrophyllaH08
         |    |--C. purpureaH08
         |    `--C. schinzianaH08
         `--Weinmannia Linnaeus 1759H08, A61
              |--W. mariquitaeR96
              |--W. paniculosa [incl. Ackama muelleri]H97
              |--W. pinnataJ87
              |--W. racemosa Linn. f. 1781 [=Leiospermum racemosum Don 1830]A61
              |--W. rollotiR96
              |--W. silvicola Sol. ex Cunningham 1839 [incl. W. fuchsioides Cunningham 1839]A61
              |    |--W. s. var. silvicolaA61
              |    `--W. s. var. betulina (Cunningham) Hooker 1852 [=W. betulina Cunningham 1839]A61
              |--W. tolimensisR96
              `--W. trichospermaD03
Cunoniaceae incertae sedis:
  MacrodendronYY22
  SpiraeopsisH08
  SpiraeanthemumH08
  GeissoieaeH08
    |--LamanoniaH08
    |--Pseudoweinmannia lachnocarpaH08, W95
    `--GeissoisH08
         |--G. balansaeH08
         |--G. benthamianaH08
         |--G. biagianaH08
         |--G. bradfordiiH08
         |--G. denhamiiH08
         |--G. hippocastanifoliaH08
         |--G. hirsutaH08
         |--G. imthurniiH08
         |--G. intermediaH08
         |--G. lanceolataH08
         |--G. magnificaH08
         |--G. montanaH08
         |--G. polyphyllaH08
         |--G. pruinosaH08
         |--G. racemosaH08
         |--G. stipularisH08
         |--G. superbaH08
         |--G. ternataH08
         `--G. velutinaH08
  Schizomeria ovataH08, BR00
  CodiaH08
  Callicoma serratifoliaH08, B00
  GillbeeaH08
  Ackama Cunn. 1839A61
    `--A. rosaefolia Cunn. 1839A61 [=Weinmannia rosaefoliaC06]
  OpocunoniaH08
  AistopetalumH08
  AcsmithiaH08
  Anodopetalum Cunningham ex Endlicher 1839BR00
    `--*A. biglandulosum (Cunningham) Hooker 1856 (see below for synonymy)BR00
  Ceratopetalum Sm. 1793CD02
    |--*C. gummiferum Sm. 1793CD02
    |--C. apetalumH90
    |--C. gilesii Ettingshausen 1886F71
    |--C. maslinensis Barnes & Hill 1999CD02
    |--C. priscum Holmes & Holmes 1992CD02
    |--C. succirubrumBR00
    |--C. virchowiiCD02
    |--C. westermanii Barnes & Hill 1999CD02
    `--C. wilkinsonii [=Getonites wilkinsonii]CD02
  Caldcluvia paniculosa [=Ackama paniculata]H90
  HooglandiaH08
  CunonioxylonCBH93
  Acrophyllum australe [=Calycomis australis]H90

*Anodopetalum biglandulosum (Cunningham) Hooker 1856 [=Weinmannia biglandulosum Cunningham ex Hooker 1840, A. glandulosum (l. c.)]BR00

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A61] Allan, H. H. 1961. Flora of New Zealand vol. 1. Indigenous Tracheophyta: Psilopsida, Lycopsida, Filicopsida, Gymnospermae, Dicotyledones. R. E. Owen, Government Printer: Wellington (New Zealand).

[BR00] Barnes, R. W., & A. C. Rozefelds. 2000. Comparative morphology of Anodopetalum (Cunoniaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 13 (2): 267–282.

[B00] Braby, M. F. 2000. Butterflies of Australia: their identification, biology and distribution vol. 1. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood (Victoria).

[C06] Cheeseman, T. F. 1906. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. John Mackay, Government Printer: Wellington.

[CD02] Clifford, H. T., & M. E. Dettmann. 2002. A winged fruit from the Tertiary of Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 48: 79–83.

[CBH93] Collinson, M. E., M. C. Boulter & P. L. Holmes. 1993. Magnoliophyta (‘Angiospermae’). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 809–841. Chapman & Hall: London.

[D03] Dusén, P. 1903. The vegetation of western Patagonia. In: Scott, W. B. (ed.) Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896–1899 vol. 8. Botany pp. 1–34. The University: Princeton (New Jersey).

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[H97] Hamilton, A. G. 1897. On domatia in certain Australian and other plants. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 758–792, pl. 57.

[H90] Harden, G. J. (ed.) 1990. Flora of New South Wales vol. 1. New South Wales University Press.

[H08] Hopkins, H. C. F. 2008. The morphology of stipules and inflorescences in Geissois sensu stricto (Cunoniaceae). Kew Bulletin 63 (4): 625–638.

[J87] Judd, W. S. 1987. Floristic study of Morne La Visite and Pic Macaya National Parks, Haiti. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum—Biological Sciences 32 (1): 1–136.

[K02] Krüger, M. 2002. Revision of the Afrotropical Ennominae of the Drepanogynis group IV: the genus Drepanogynis Guenée (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Transvaal Museum Monograph 13: 1–220.

[R96] Righi, G. 1996. Colombian earthworms. Studies on Tropical Andean Ecosystems 4: 485–607.

[S09] Stephens, T. 1909. Notes on the geology of the north-west coast of Tasmania from the River Tamar to Circular Head. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 752–767, pls 24–30.

[T00] Thorne, R. F. 2000. The classification and geography of the flowering plants: dicotyledons of the class Angiospermae (subclasses Magnoliidae, Ranunculidae, Caryophyllidae, Dilleniidae, Rosidae, Asteridae, and Lamiidae). The Botanical Review 66: 441–647.

[W95] Walter, D. E. 1995. Dancing on the head of a pin: mites in the rainforest canopy. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 49–53.

[WM09] Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester & D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (10): 3853–3858.

[YY22] Yampolsky, C., & H. Yampolsky. 1922. Distribution of sex forms in the phanerogamic flora. Bibliotheca Genetica 3: 1–62.

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