Cupressophyta

Common yew Taxus baccata, copyright Sitomon.

Belongs within: Coniferophyta.
Contains: Araucariaceae, Podocarpaceae, Cupressaceae.

The Cupressophyta are a clade of plants including all living conifers excluding Pinaceae. They were defined by Cantino et al. (2007) as the least inclusive clade including Cupressus sempervirens, Podocarpus macrophyllus and Araucaria araucana but not Pinus strobus.

<==Cupressophyta [Taxoideae]CD07
    |--+--AraucariaceaeMM12
    |  `--PodocarpaceaeMM12
    `--+--Sciadopitys Siebold & Zuccarini 1870MM12, C93 [Sciadopityaceae]
       |    |--S. lagerheimii (Johansson) Manum 1987C93
       |    |--S. macrophylla (Florin) Manum 1987C93
       |    |--S. scania Florin 1922C93
       |    `--S. verticillataMM12
       `--+--CupressaceaeMM12
          `--Taxaceae [Cephalotaxaceae, Taxales]MM12
               |  i. s.: Palaeotaxus rediviva Nathorst 1908C93
               |         TorreyaH93
               |           |--T. californicaH93
               |           |--T. nuciferaLO98
               |           `--T. taxifoliaW92
               |         Cephalotaxospermum Berry 1910C93
               |         Elatocladus Halle 1913C93, K-CB01
               |           |--E. australisF71
               |           |--E. confertusK-CB01
               |           |--E. planusF71
               |           `--E. zamioides (Leckenby) Seward 1919C93
               |--CephalotaxusMM12
               |    |--C. harringtoniana [incl. C. drupacea]LO98
               |    `--C. sinensisMM12
               `--+--Amentotaxus [Amentotaxaceae]MM12
                  |    `--A. argotaeniaMM12
                  `--TaxusMM12
                       |--T. baccata Linnaeus 1753CD07
                       |--T. brevifoliaH93
                       |--T. canadensisHXD06
                       |--T. cuspidataLO98
                       |    |--T. c. var. cuspidataLO98
                       |    `--T. c. var. nana [incl. T. tardiva]LO98
                       |--T. mediaMS98
                       |--T. sumatranaH03
                       `--T. wallichianaMM12 [=T. baccata ssp. wallichianaSN88]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CD07] Cantino, P. D., J. A. Doyle, S. W. Graham, W. S. Judd, R. G. Olmstead, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis & M. J. Donoghue. 2007. Towards a phylogenetic nomenclature of Tracheophyta. Taxon 56 (3): E1–E44.

[C93] Cleal, C. J. 1993. Gymnospermophyta. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 795–808. Chapman & Hall: London.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[HXD06] Hajibabaei, M., J. Xia & G. Drouin. 2006. Seed plant phylogeny: gnetophytes are derived conifers and a sister group to Pinaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 40 (1): 208–217.

[H03] Heads, M. 2003. Ericaceae in Malesia: vicariance biogeography, terrane tectonics and ecology. Telopea 10 (1): 311–449.

[H93] Hickman, J. C. (ed.) 1993. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press: Berkeley (California).

[K-CB01] Konijnenburg-van Cittert, H. van, & K. Bandel. 2001. Jurassic plants from Djebel Tih, Sinai. Mitteilungen aus dem Geologisch-Paläontologischen Institut der Universität Hamburg 85: 47–64.

[LO98] Lack, H. W., & H. Ohba. 1998. Die Xylothek des Chikusai Kato. Willdenowia 28: 263–276.

[MM12] Mao, K., R. I. Milne, L. Zhang, Y. Peng, J. Liu, P. Thomas, R. R. Mill & S. S. Renner. 2012. Distribution of living Cupressaceae reflects the breakup of Pangea. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (20): 7793–7798.

[MS98] Margulis, L., & K. V. Schwartz. 1998. Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth 3rd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company: New York.

[SN88] Suzuki, M., & S. Noshiro. 1988. Wood structure of Himalayan plants. In: Ohba, H., & S. B. Malla (eds) The Himalayan Plants vol. 1. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Bulletin 31: 341–379.

[W92] Wilson, E. O. 1992. The Diversity of Life. Harvard University Press: Belknap (USA).

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