Cuspidaria sp., from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Belongs within: Pholadomyoida.

The Cuspidariidae are a group of carnivorous bivalves with an ovate, more or less posteriorly rostrate shell.

Cuspidariidae [Cuspidarioidea]
|--Protocuspidaria Allen & Morgan 1981BRW98
|--Plectodon Carpenter 1864BRW98, C64
| `--*P. scaber Carpenter 1864C64
| |--P. trigonalis Tate 1897MG-H11
| `--P. wellmani [=Cuspidaria (Pseudoneaera) wellmani]PG98
|--Austroneaera Powell 1937P61
| |--*A. brevirostris Powell 1937P61
| |--A. finlayi Powell 1937P61
| `--A. wellmani Fleming 1948P61
|--Cardiomya Adams 1864P61
| |--*C. gouldiana (Hinds 1843)P61, H43 [=Neaera gouldianaP61]
| |--C. bruuni Dell 1956P61
| |--C. californica [=Cuspidaria (Cardiomya) californica]B56
| |--C. pectinataBRW98
| |--C. perrostrataWE63
| |--C. pinna (Verco 1908)MG-H11
| `--C. planetica Dall 1908R78
`--Cuspidaria Nardo 1840P61
|--*C. cuspidataP61 [=Tellina cuspidataP61, Erycina cuspidataH43, Neaera cuspidataH43]
|--C. abbreviataN00
|--C. altaBRW98
|--C. angasiiBRW98
|--C. aupouria Dell 1950P61
|--C. brazieri (Smith 1885) [=Neaera brazieri]H09
|--C. costellataN00
|--C. dorsirectaBRW98
|--C. exarataBRW98
|--C. fairchildi Suter 1908P61
|--C. fallax (Smith 1885) [=Neaera fallax]H09
|--C. inflata (Sowerby 1827)F27 [=Nucula tenuis var. inflataU79, F27, Neaera inflataF27]
|--‘Neaera inflata’ Jeffreys 1882 non Nucula inflata Sowerby 1827F27
|--C. kerguelensisBRW98
|--C. kyushuensis Okutani 1962MG-H11
|--C. lamellosaF27
|--C. latesulcata (Tenison Woods 1878) [=Neaera latesulcata]H09
|--C. levifronsBRW98
|--C. martini Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy)F27
|--C. morelandi Dell 1956P61
|--C. morioria Dell 1956P61
|--C. morrisae Poultiers & Bernard 1995MG-H11
|--C. parvaBRW98
|--C. pinnaBRW98
|--C. plicataBRW98
|--C. prolatissima Poultiers 1981MG-H11
|--C. rosBRW98
|--C. rostrataPC11
|--C. subrostrataBRW98
|--C. trailli (Hutton 1873)P61 [=Neaera trailliD56]
|--C. triassica (Stoppani 1865)SB93
|--C. trigonalisBRW98
`--C. willetti Fleming 1948P61

Cuspidaria martini Finlay 1927 [=C. inflata Martin 1886 nec Nucula inflata Sowerby 1827 nec Neaera inflata Jeffreys 1882]F27

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BRW98] Beesley, P. L., G. J. B. Ross & A. Wells (eds) 1998. Fauna of Australia vol. 5. Mollusca: The Southern Synthesis. Part A. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

[B56] Berry, S. S. 1956. Mollusca dredged by the Orca off the Santa Barbara Islands, California, in 1951. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (5): 150–157.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[D56] Dell, R. K. 1956. The archibenthal Mollusca of New Zealand. Dominion Museum Bulletin 18: 1–235.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H43] Hinds, R. B. 1843. On new species of Neaera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 11: 75–79.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[N00] Norman, A. M. 1900. British Amphipoda: families Pontoporeidae to Ampeliscidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 326–346.

[PC11] Plazzi, F., A. Ceregato, M. Taviani & M. Passamonti. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bivalve mollusks: ancient radiations and divergences as revealed by mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 6 (11): e27147.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[PG98] Probert, P. K., & S. L. Grove. 1998. Macrobenthic assemblages of the continental shelf and upper slope off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28: 259–280.

[R78] Reid, R. G. B. 1978. The systematic, adaptive and physiological significance of proteolytic enzyme distribution in bivalves. Veliger 20 (3): 260–265.

[SB93] Skelton, P. W., & M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 237–263. Chapman & Hall: London.

[U79] d’Urban, W. S. M. 1879. The Mollusca of Barents Sea, between Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemblia. Journal of Conchology 2: 88–94.

[WE63] Warmke, G. L., & D. S. Erdman. 1963. Records of marine mollusks eaten by bonefish in Puerto Rican waters. Nautilus 76 (4): 115–120.

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