Cuspidaria sp., from the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.

Belongs within: Pholadomyoida.

The Cuspidariidae are a group of carnivorous bivalves with an ovate, more or less posteriorly rostrate shell.

Cuspidariidae [Cuspidarioidea]
    |–Myonera MG-H11
    |–Pseudoneaera MG-H11
    |    |–P. trigonalis Tate 1897 MG-H11
    |    `–P. wellmani [=Cuspidaria (Pseudoneaera) wellmani] PG98
    |–Austroneaera Powell 1937 P61
    |    |–*A. brevirostris Powell 1937 P61
    |    |–A. finlayi Powell 1937 P61
    |    `–A. wellmani Fleming 1948 P61
    |–Cardiomya Adams 1864 P61
    |    |–*C. gouldiana [=Neaera gouldiana] P61
    |    |–C. bruuni Dell 1956 P61
    |    |–C. californica [=Cuspidaria (Cardiomya) californica] B56
    |    |–C. perrostrata WE63
    |    |–C. pinna (Verco 1908) MG-H11
    |    `–C. planetica Dall 1908 R78
    `–Cuspidaria Nardo 1840 P61
         |–*C. cuspidata [=Tellina cuspidata] P61
         |–C. abbreviata N00
         |–C. aupouria Dell 1950 P61
         |–C. brazieri (Smith 1885) [=Neaera brazieri] H09
         |–C. costellata N00
         |–C. fairchildi Suter 1908 P61
         |–C. fallax (Smith 1885) [=Neaera fallax] H09
         |–C. inflata (Sowerby 1827) F27 [=Nucula tenuis var. inflata U79, F27, Neaera inflata F27]
         |–‘Neaera inflata’ Jeffreys 1882 non Nucula inflata Sowerby 1827 F27
         |–C. kyushuensis Okutani 1962 MG-H11
         |–C. lamellosa F27
         |–C. latesulcata (Tenison Woods 1878) [=Neaera latesulcata] H09
         |–C. martini Finlay 1927 (see below for synonymy) F27
         |–C. morelandi Dell 1956 P61
         |–C. morioria Dell 1956 P61
         |–C. morrisae Poultiers & Bernard 1995 MG-H11
         |–C. prolatissima Poultiers 1981 MG-H11
         |–C. rostrata PC11
         |–C. trailli (Hutton 1873) P61
         |–C. triassica (Stoppani 1865) SB93
         `–C. willetti Fleming 1948 P61

Cuspidaria martini Finlay 1927 [=C. inflata Martin 1886 nec Nucula inflata Sowerby 1827 nec Neaera inflata Jeffreys 1882] F27

*Type species of generic name indicated


[B56] Berry, S. S. 1956. Mollusca dredged by the Orca off the Santa Barbara Islands, California, in 1951. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 46 (5): 150–157.

[F27] Finlay, H. J. 1927. New specific names for austral Mollusca. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 488–533.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[MG-H11] McEnnulty, F. R., K. L. Gowlett-Holmes, A. Williams, F. Althaus, J. Fromont, G. C. B. Poore, T. D. O’Hara, L. Marsh, P. Kott, S. Slack-Smith, P. Alderslade & M. V. Kitahara. 2011. The deepwater megabenthic invertebrates on the western continental margin of Australia (100–1100 m depths): composition, distribution and novelty. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 80: 1–191.

[N00] Norman, A. M. 1900. British Amphipoda: families Pontoporeidae to Ampeliscidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 5: 326–346.

[PC11] Plazzi, F., A. Ceregato, M. Taviani & M. Passamonti. 2011. A molecular phylogeny of bivalve mollusks: ancient radiations and divergences as revealed by mitochondrial genes. PLoS One 6 (11): e27147.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[PG98] Probert, P. K., & S. L. Grove. 1998. Macrobenthic assemblages of the continental shelf and upper slope off the west coast of South Island, New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 28: 259–280.

[R78] Reid, R. G. B. 1978. The systematic, adaptive and physiological significance of proteolytic enzyme distribution in bivalves. Veliger 20 (3): 260–265.

[SB93] Skelton, P. W., & M. J. Benton. 1993. Mollusca: Rostroconchia, Scaphopoda and Bivalvia. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 237–263. Chapman & Hall: London.

[U79] d’Urban, W. S. M. 1879. The Mollusca of Barents Sea, between Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemblia. Journal of Conchology 2: 88–94.

[WE63] Warmke, G. L., & D. S. Erdman. 1963. Records of marine mollusks eaten by bonefish in Puerto Rican waters. Nautilus 76 (4): 115–120.

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