Cynipini

Galls of Cynips divisa, copyright Arnstein Staverløkk.

Belongs within: Cynipidae.
Contains: Andricus (Andricus).

The Cynipini, oak gall wasps, are a tribe of cynipids that induce galls in species of Fagaceae.

<==CynipiniRN-A01
    |--DisholcaspisRN-A01
    |    |--D. lasiaBD17
    |    `--D. quercusmammaBD17
    |--AndricusRN-A01 [incl. AphilotrixA81]
    |    |  i. s.: A. kollari [=Adleria kollari; incl. An. circulans]RD77
    |    |         A. quercuscalicisPK17
    |    |         A. quercusradicisAN-A04
    |    |         A. vectensisGE05
    |    |--A. (Andricus)A81
    |    `--A. (Callirhytis)A81
    |         |--A. (C.) agrifoliaeA81
    |         |--A. (C.) clavulaA81
    |         |--A. (C.) cornigeraA81
    |         |--A. (C.) futilisA81
    |         |--A. (C.) glandiumA81
    |         |--A. (C.) hartigiA81
    |         |--A. (C.) operator [=Cynips operator; incl. C. operatola]A81
    |         |--A. (C.) punctataA81
    |         |--A. (C.) quercuspalustrisA81
    |         |--A. (C.) scitulaA81
    |         |--A. (C.) seminatorA81
    |         |--A. (C.) similisA81
    |         |--A. (C.) spongificaA81
    |         |--A. (C.) suttoniA81
    |         `--A. (C.) tumificaA81
    `--Cynips Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. abbreviator [=Ophion abbreviator]L02
         |--C. adonidumL02
         |--C. aenea [=Chrysis aenea]L02
         |--C. affinisL02
         |--C. amblyceraA81
         |--C. amerinae Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. aptera Bosc 1802B02
         |--C. argentea [incl. C. rosenhaneri]A81
         |--C. ariesA81
         |--C. caliciformisA81
         |--C. calicisA81
         |--C. capreaeR26
         |--C. caputmedusaeA81
         |--C. chrysis [=Ichneumon chrysis]L02
         |--C. conglomerataA81
         |--C. conificaA81
         |--C. coriariaA81
         |--C. corruptrixA81
         |--C. crassicornis [=Ichneumon crassicornis]L02
         |--C. divisaA71
         |--C. galeataA81
         |--C. glechomae Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. glutinosaA81
         |--C. hartigiiA81
         |--C. hieracii Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. hungaricaA81
         |--C. inanisA81
         |--C. kollari [incl. C. hispanica]A81
         |--C. larvarum (Linnaeus 1758)L02, L58 [=Ichneumon larvarumL02]
         |--C. lignicolaA81
         |--C. obsoletaR26
         |--C. plumata [=Chrysis plumata]L02
         |--C. polyceraA81
         |--C. prunusA81
         |--C. purpurascensR26
         |--C. quadrum [=Ichneumon quadrum]L02
         |--C. quercusbaccarum Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. quercusgemmae Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. quercuspedunculi Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. quercuspetioli Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. ramicornis [=Ichneumon ramicornis]L02
         |--C. rosae Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. rufescens [=Ichneumon rufescens]L02
         |--C. salicisstrobili Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. strobilanaA81
         |--C. succineaP92
         |--C. sycomori Linnaeus 1758L58
         |--C. tinctoriaA81
         |--C. verticillata [=Ichneumon verticillatus]L02
         `--C. viminalis Linnaeus 1758L58

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[A81] Adler, H. 1881. Les Cynipides. 1re partie. Introduction. La génération alternante chez les cynipides, traduit et annoté par J. Lichtenstein, suivi de la classification des cynipides d’après le Dr G. Mayr. C. Coulet: Montpellier.

[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[AN-A04] Askew, R. R., & J. L. Nieves-Aldrey. 2004. Further observations on Eupelminae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea, Eupelmidae) in the Iberian Peninsula and Canary Islands, including descriptions of new species. Graellsia 60 (1): 27–39.

[B02] Bosc, C. 1802. Description d’un Phalangium et d’un Cinips. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societé Philomathique de Paris 1 (Bulletin de la Société Philomathique, a ses correspondans): 18′.

[BD17] Branstetter, M. G., B. N. Danforth, J. P. Pitts, B. C. Faircloth, P. S. Ward, M. L. Buffington, M. W. Gates, R. R. Kula & S. G. Brady. 2017. Phylogenomic insights into the evolution of stinging wasps and the origins of ants and bees. Current Biology 27: 1019–1025.

[GE05] Grimaldi, D., & M. S. Engel. 2005. Evolution of the Insects. Cambridge University Press: New York.

[L02] Latreille, P. A. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, générale et particulière des crustacés et des insectes vol. 3. Familles naturelles des genres. F. Dufart: Paris.

[L58] Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii: Holmiae.

[PK17] Peters, R. S., L. Krogmann, C. Mayer, A. Donath, S. Gunkel, K. Meusemann, A. Kozlov, L. Podsiadlowski, M. Petersen, R. Lanfear, P. A. Diez, J. Heraty, K. M. Kjer, S. Klopfstein, R. Meier, C. Polidori, T. Schmitt, S. Liu, X. Zhou, T. Wappler, J. Rust, B. Misof & O. Niehuis. 2017. Evolutionary history of the Hymenoptera. Current Biology 27 (7): 1013–1018.

[RD77] Richards, O. W., & R. G. Davies. 1977. Imms’ General Textbook of Entomology 10th ed. vol. 2. Classification and Biology. Chapman and Hall: London.

[R26] Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes vol. 5. F.-G. Levrault: Paris.

[RN-A01] Ronquist, F., & J. L. Nieves-Aldrey. 2001. A new subfamily of Figitidae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 133: 483–494.

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