Cyphaleus

Cyphaleus childreni, copyright Julie Newton.

Belongs within: Heleini.

Cyphaleus is a diverse Australian genus of tenebrionid beetles with relatively long appendages (Matthews & Bouchard 2008). The species C. childreni bears a remarkable lichen-like covering on the elytra.

Characters (from Matthews & Bouchard 2008): Length 11–35 mm. Third antennomere twice as long as fourth and antennae able to reach well beyond base of prothorax. Clypeal margin not excised, clypeolabral membrane wholly uncovered. Lacinia armed with uncus. Pronotum more flattened than bases of elytra. Scutellum subequilateral. Prosternum costate and deeply interlocking with mesoventrite. Metaventrite about as long as first ventrite. Femora projecting well beyond body outline. Wings fully developed. Aedeagus with short, blunt apical piece.

<==Cyphaleus Hope 1840 (see below for synonymy)MB08
|--*C. rugosus (Gray 1832) [=Helops rugosus; incl. H. aterrimus Gray 1832]MB08
|--C. aereus Waterhouse 1877MB08
|--C. binodosus (Pascoe 1862) [=Chartopteryx binodosus, *Altes binodosus]MB08
|--C. blackburni (Carter 1913) [=Chartopteryx blackburni]MB08
|--C. brevicostatus (Carter 1922) [=Prophanes brevicostatus]MB08
|--C. brevispinosus (Carter 1913) [=Prophanes brevispinosus]MB08
|--C. browni (Carter 1914) [=Prophanes browni]MB08
|--C. carteri Matthews 2004 [=Oremasis formosus Carter 1927 non C. formosus Westwood 1841]MB08
|--C. childreni (Westwood 1841) [=*Chartopteryx childreni]MB08
|--C. cupreus (Gray 1832) [=Adelium cupreum, *Oremasis cupreus]MB08
|--C. cupricollis Macleay 1872MB08
|--C. ducalis (Carter 1913) [=Prophanes ducalis]MB08
|--C. femoralis (Haag-Rutenberg 1878) [=*Trisilus femoralis]MB08
|--C. formosus Westwood 1841 [incl. C. insignitus Pascoe 1862, C. iopterus Westwood 1841]MB08
|--C. georgemastersi Matthews 2004 [=Chartopteryx mastersi Macleay 1872 non Cy. mastersi Pascoe 1871]MB08
|--C. glaber (Macleay 1887) [=Chartopteryx glaber]MB08
|--C. gloriosus (Carter 1913) [=Cyclophanes gloriosus]MB08
|--C. haagi (Bates 1873) [=Oremasis haagi]MB08
|--C. imperialis (Carter 1908) [=Chartopteryx imperialis]MB08
|--C. insignis (Carter 1927) [=Trisilus insignis]MB08
|--C. macleayi (Bates 1873) [=*Anausis macleayi]MB08
|--C. mastersi Pascoe 1871 [incl. C. chalybeipennis Macleay 1872]MB08
|--C. metallescens (Westwood 1849) [=Prophanes metallescens; incl. P. spinosus Waterhouse 1874]MB08
|--C. planus (Cater 1913) [=Chartopteryx planus]MB08
|--C. quadrispinosus Waterhouse 1874 [incl. Prophanes tricolor Haag-Rutenberg 1878]MB08
|--C. schmelzi Haag-Rutenberg 1878MB08
|--C. valdivianus Philippi 1864M86
|--C. versicolor (Carter 1928) [=Prophanes versicolor]MB08
|--C. victoriensis (Blackburn 1892) [=Chartopteryx victoriensis]MB08
`--C. westwoodi (Bates 1873) [=*Apomestris westwoodi]MB08

Cyphaleus Hope 1840 [incl. Altes Pascoe 1869, Anausis Bates 1873, Apomestris Bates 1873, Chartopteryx Westwood 1841, Oremasis Pascoe 1866, Trisilus Haag-Rutenberg 1878]MB08

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[M86] Masters, G. 1886. Catalogue of the described Coleoptera of Australia. Part IV. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, series 2, 1 (2): 259–380.

[MB08] Matthews, E. G., & P. Bouchard. 2008. Tenebrionid Beetles of Australia: Descriptions of tribes, keys to genera, catalogue of species. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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