Cypridinidae

Left view of female Vargula norvegica, from Benson et al. (1961).

Belongs within: Myodocopida.

The Cypridinidae are a group of relatively large planktic ostracods, often over two millimetres in length.

Characters (from Benson et al. 1961, as Cypridininae): Carapace more or less strongly calcified, usually smooth; dorsal border arched, anterior margin of rostrum evenly curved or sinuous. Mostly rather large forms (more than 2 mm); sexual dimorphism weak or absent.

<==Cypridinidae [Cypridinadae, Cypridininae]
    |–Codonocera Brady 1902 BB61
    |    `–*C. cruenta Brady 1902 BB61
    |–Gigantocypris Müller 1895 BB61
    |    `–*G. agassizi Müller 1895 BB61
    |–Eocypridina Kesling & Ploch 1960 LH61
    |    `–*E. campbelli Kesling & Ploch 1960 LH61
    |–Cyprosis Jones 1881 M61, BB61
    |    `–*C. haswelli Jones 1881 BB61
    |–Azygocypridina Sylvester-Bradley 1950 [=Crossophorus Brady 1880 non Hemprich & Ehrenberg 1828] BB61
    |    |–*A. imperator (Brady 1880) [=*Crossophorus imperator] BB61
    |    `–A. gibber BB61
    |–Heterodesmus Brady 1865 [incl. Siphonostra Skogsberg 1920] BB61
    |    |–*H. adamsi Brady 1866 BB61
    |    `–H. spinifer BB61
    |–Cypridina Milne Edwards 1840 (see below for synonymy) BB61
    |    |–C. inermis [incl. *C. reynaudi Milne Edwards 1840] BB61
    |    |–C. globosa BK77
    |    `–C. homoedwardsiana S61
    `–Vargula Skogsberg 1920 BB61
         |  i. s.: V. bullae M83
         |         V. hilgendorfi (Müller 1890) HM03
         |–*V. (Vargula) norvegica (Baird 1860) [=Cypridina norvegica] BB61
         `–V. (Doloria Skogsberg 1920) BB61
              `–V. (*D.) levis (Skogsberg 1920) [=Cypridina (*D.) levis] BB61

Cypridina Milne Edwards 1840 [incl. Daphnia M’Coy 1844 non Müller 1776, Eupathistoma Brady 1898, Pyrocypris Müller 1890] BB61

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BK77] Barel, C. D. N., & P. G. N. Kramers. 1977. A survey of the echinoderm associates of the north-east Atlantic area. Zoologische Verhandelingen 156: 1–159.

[BB61] Benson, R. H., J. M. Berdan, W. A. van den Bold, T. Hanai, I. Hessland, H. V. Howe, R. V. Kesling, S. A. Levinson, R. A. Reyment, R. C. Moore, H. W. Scott, R. H. Shaver, I. G. Sohn, L. E. Stover, F. M. Swain & P. C. Sylvester-Bradley. 1961. Systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q99–Q421. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[HM03] Hanamura, Y., & M. Matsuoka. 2003. Feeding habits of the sand shrimp, Crangon uritai Hayashi & Kim, 1999, in the central Seto Inland Sea, Japan. Crustaceana 76 (8): 1017–1024.

[LH61] Levinson, S. A., & H. V. Howe. 1961. Addendum. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q421–Q422. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[M61] Moore, R. C. 1961. Supplement—USSR treatise on Ostracoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q422–Q429. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[M83] Morin, J. G. 1983. Coastal bioluminescence: patterns and functions. Bulletin of Marine Science 33 (4): 787–817.

[S61] Scott, H. W. 1961. Shell morphology of Ostracoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q21–Q37. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *