Cypriniformes

Chinese algae eater Gyrinocheilus aymonieri, copyright Garthhh.
Belongs within: Ostariophysi.
Contains: Balitoridae, Cobitidae, Catostomidae, Puntius, Labeo, Cyprininae, Gobioninae, Acheilognathinae, Leuciscinae, Barbinae.

The Cypriniformes are a cosmopolitan group of freshwater fishes that lack teeth in the front of the mouth.

Characters (from Bond 1996): Mouth teeth absent; lower pharyngeal bones sickle-shaped, with teeth that usually bite upwards against a cartilaginous pad borne on posterior extension of basioccipital bone; dorsal fin present, adipose fin usually absent; kinethmoid bone present between mesethmoid and ascending processes of premaxillaries; orbitosphenoid, parietals, symplectics and subopercular present; third and fourth vertebrae of Weberian apparatus not fused; prominent intermuscular bones often present.

Cypriniformes [Cypriniphysi, Cyprinoidei]
|–Cobitoidea HM01
|    |  i. s.: Balitoridae B96
|    |–Cobitidae HM01
|    `–+–Catostomidae HM01
|       `–Gyrinocheilus [Gyrinocheilidae] HM01
|            `–G. aymonieri HM01
`–Cyprinidae HM01
|  i. s.: Ericymba buccata SBW95
|         Hybopsis (Hybopsis) amblops SBW95
|         Notemigonus crysoleucas SBW95
|         Scardinius erythrophthalmus (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|         Clinostomus SBW95
|           |–C. elongatus SBW95
|           `–C. funduloides SBW95
|         Exoglossum SBW95
|           |–E. laurae SBW95
|           `–E. maxillingua SBW95
|         Hybognathus SBW95
|           |–H. amarus B96
|           |–H. argyritus B96
|           |–H. nuchalis SBW95
|           `–H. regius B96
|         Macrhybopsis SBW95
|           |–M. aestivalis SBW95
|           `–M. storeriana SBW95
|         Margariscus margarita SBW95
|           |–M. m. margarita SBW95
|           `–M. m. nachtriebi SBW95
|         Semotilus SBW95
|           |–S. atromaculatus SBW95
|           |–S. bullaris F16
|           |–S. corporalis SBW95
|           `–S. lumbee SBW95
|         Iranocypris Bruun & Kaiser 1943 TP86
|           `–I. typhlops Bruun & Kaiser 1943 TP86
|         Typhlogarra Trewavas 1955 TP86
|           `–T. widdowsoni Trewavas 1955 TP86
|         Caecocypris Banister & Bunni 1980 TP86
|           `–C. basimi Banister & Bunni 1980 TP86
|         Phreatichthys Vinciguerra 1924 TP86
|           `–P. andruzzii Vinciguerra 1924 TP86
|         Puntius AJ02
|         Caecobarbus Boulenger 1921 TP86
|           `–C. geertsi Boulenger 1921 TP86
|         Barbopsis di Caporiacco 1926 TP86
|           `–B. devecchii di Caporiacco 1926 (see below for synonymy) TP86
|         Garra Hamilton 1822 TP86
|           |–G. barreimiae Fowler & Steinitz 1956 TP86
|           `–G. kalakadensis AJ02
|         Labeo B96
|         Tor AJ02
|           |–T. khudree AJ02
|           |–T. putitora RM72
|           `–T. tor PP07
|         Catlocarpio siamensis B96
|         Diptychus dipogon B96
|         Squalius cephalus B96
|         Tinca SE08
|           |–T. tinca (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|           `–T. vulgaris O97
|         Aulopyge B96
|         Discognathichthys B96
|         Aphyocypris chinensis Günther 1868 I92
|         Hemigrammocypris rasborella Fowler 1910 I92
|         Pseudorasbora SE08
|           |–P. parva (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) SE08
|           `–P. pumila Miyadi 1930 I92
|         Epalzeorhynchus kalopterus (Bleeker 1850) [=Barbus kalopterus] K55
|         Hypselobarbus AJ02
|           |–H. curmuca AJ02
|           |–H. dobsoni AJ02
|           |–H. dubius AJ02
|           `–H. kolus AJ02
|         Mylocheilus S92
|           |–M. caurinus S92
|           `–M. robustus S92
|         Acrocheilus S92
|           |–A. alutaceus S92
|           `–A. latus S92
|         Aspius aspius (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|         Leucaspius delineatus (Heckel 1843) SE08
|         Alburnus alburnus (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|         Alburnoides bipunctatus (Bloch 1782) CA00, SE08
|         Chalcalburnus chalcoides (Güldenstädt 1772) SE08
|         Vimba vimba (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|         Pelecus cultratus (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|         Chondrostoma F05
|           |  i. s.: C. almacai Coelho, Mesquita & Collares-Pereira 2005 F05
|           |         C. nasus (Linnaeus 1758) SE08
|           |–C. lusitanicum Collares-Pereira 1980 RA05
|           `–+–C. arcasii (Steindachner 1866) [=Rutilus arcasii] RA05
|              |–C. occidentale Robalo, Almada et al. 2005 RA05
|              `–C. oligolepis Robalo, Doadrio et al. 2005 (see below for synonymy) RA05
|         Aristichthys nobilis (Richardson 1845) SE08
|         Schizothorax pelzami CA00
|         Varhostichthys G88
|         Barbodes JR10
|           |–B. baoulan B50
|           |–B. binotatus B50
|           |–B. clemensi B50
|           |–B. hemictenus Jordan & Richardson 1908 JR10
|           |–B. manalak B50
|           |–B. palawanensis (Boulenger 1895) [=Barbus palawanensis] JR10
|           |–B. quinquemaculatus JR10
|           `–B. tumba B50
|         Nematabramis JR10
|           |–N. alestes [=Mearnsiella alestes] JR10
|           `–N. everetti Boulenger 1895 JR10
|         Dangila JR10
|           |–D. cyanopareia [=Cyrene cyanopareia] JR10
|           `–D. philippinia [=Cyrene philippinia] JR10
|         Parabarbus AS09
|         Stypodon signifer D81
|         Lepidomeda D81
|           |–L. altivelis D81
|           `–L. mollispinis D81
|                |–L. m. mollispinis D81
|                `–L. m. pratensis D81
|         Paraphoxinus B50
|         Mandibularia resinus B50
|–Cyprininae B96
|–Gobioninae B96
|–Acheilognathinae B96
|–Leuciscinae B96
`–Barbinae TP86

Cypriniformes incertae sedis:
Adiposia B96
Leptobotia curta (Temminck & Schlegel 1846) I92
Opsariichthys uncirostris NE12
Zacco SL86
|–Z. platypus T90
`–Z. temmincki T90
Botia K55 [Botiidae B-RB13]
|–B. horae B93
|–B. hymenophysa (Bleeker 1852) [=Cobitis hymenophysa] K55
|–B. macracantha (Bleeker 1852) [=Cobitis macracanthus] K55
`–B. striatus RM72
Barbuccidae B-RB13
Ellopostomatidae B-RB13
Psilorhynchidae B-RB13
Serpenticobitidae B-RB13
Vaillantellidae B-RB13

Barbopsis devecchii di Caporiacco 1926 [incl. Eilichthys microphthalmus Pellegrin 1929, B. stefaninii Gianferrari 1930] TP86

Chondrostoma oligolepis Robalo, Doadrio et al. 2005 [=Rutilus macrolepidotus Steindachner 1866 non Leuciscus macrolepidotus Ayres 1854, C. macrolepidotum] RA05

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[AS09] Alfaro, M. E., F. Santini, C. Brock, H. Alamillo, A. Dornburg, D. L. Rabosky, G. Carnevale & L. J. Harmon. 2009. Nine exceptional radiations plus high turnover explain species diversity in jawed vertebrates. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 106 (32): 13410–13414.

[AJ02] Arunachalam, M., & J. A. Johnson. 2002. A new species of Puntius Hamilton (Pisces: Cyprinidae) from Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 99 (3): 474–480.

[B93] Beresford, W. A. 1993. Cranial skeletal tissues: diversity and evolutionary trends. In: Hanken, J., & B. K. Hall (eds) 1993. The Skull vol. 2. Patterns of Structural and Systematic Diversity pp. 69–130. The University of Chicago Press.

[B-RB13] Betancur-R., R., R. E. Broughton, E. O. Wiley, K. Carpenter, A. López, C. Li, N. I. Holcroft, D. Arcila, M. Sanciangco, J. C. Cureton, II, F. Zhang, T. Buser, M. A. Campbell, J. A. Ballesteros, A. Roa-Varon, S. Willis, W. C. Borden, T. Rowley, P. C. Reneau, D. J. Hough, G. Lu, T. Grande, G. Arratia & G. Ortí. 2013. The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes. PLoS Currents Tree of Life April 18 2013. doi: 10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288.

[B96] Bond, C. E. 1996. Biology of Fishes 2nd ed. Saunders College Publishing: Fort Worth.

[B50] Brooks, J. L. 1950. Speciation in ancient lakes (concluded). Quarterly Review of Biology 25: 131–176.

[CA00] Coad, B. W., & A. Abdoli. 2000. Systematics of an isolated population of tooth-carp from northern Iran (Actinopterygii: Cyprinodontidae). Zoology in the Middle East 21: 87–102.

[D81] Day, D. 1981. The Doomsday Book of Animals: A unique natural history of three hundred vanished species. Ebury Press: London.

[F05] Fernández, J. 2005. Noticia de nuevos táxones para la ciencia en el ámbito Íbero-Balear y Macaronésico. Nuevos táxones animales descritos en la península Ibérica y Macaronesia desde 1994 (IX). Graellsia 61 (2): 261–282.

[F16] Fowler, H. W. 1916. Fishes from eastern Canada. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (3): 515–519.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[HM01] Harris, P. M., & R. L. Mayden. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of major clades of Catostomidae (Teleostei: Cypriniformes) as inferred from mitochondrial SSU and LSU rDNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20 (2): 225–237.

[I92] Iwahashi, J. (ed.) 1992. Reddo Deeta Animaruzu: a pictorial of Japanese fauna facing extinction. JICC: Tokyo.

[JR10] Jordan, D. S., & R. E. Richardson. 1910. Check-list of the species of fishes known from the Philippine archipelago. Bureau of Printing: Manila.

[K55] Klausewitz, W. 1955. See- und Süßwasserfische von Sumatra und Java. Senckenbergiana Biologica 36 (5–6): 309–323.

[NE12] Near, T. J., R. I. Eytan, A. Dornburg, K. L. Kuhn, J. A. Moore, M. P. Davis, P. C. Wainwright, M. Friedman & W. L. Smith. 2012. Resolution of ray-finned fish phylogeny and timing of diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109 (34): 13698–13703.

[O97] Ogilby, J. D. 1897. On some Australian Eleotrinae. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 21 (4): 725–757.

[PP07] Pandey, R. P., & P. M. Padhye. 2007. Studies on phytodiversity of Arid Machia Safari Park-Kailana in Jodhpur (Rajasthan). Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 49: 15–78.

[RM72] Rajagopal, K. V., & V. Muddanna. 1972. Two unique methods of fishing for cobitids in the Tungabhadra River. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 69 (2): 429–432.

[RA05] Robalo, J. I., V. C. Almada, C. Sousa Santos, M. I. Moreira & I. Doadrio. 2005. New species of the genus Chondrostoma Agassiz, 1832 (Actynopterigii, Cyprinidae) from western Portugal. Graellsia 61 (1): 19–29.

[SL86] Schaefer, S. A., & G. V. Lauder. 1986. Historical transformation of functional design: evolutionary morphology of feeding mechanisms in loricarioid catfishes. Systematic Zoology 35 (4): 489–508.

[SE08] Sevcsik, A., & T. Erös. 2008. A revised catalogue of freshwater fishes of Hungary and the neighbouring countries in the Hungarian Natural History Museum (Pisces). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 100: 331–383.

[S92] Smith, G. R. 1992. Introgression in fishes: significance for paleontology, cladistics, and evolutionary rates. Systematic Biology 41 (1): 41–57.

[SBW95] Stauffer, J. R., Jr, J. M. Boltz & L. R. White. 1995. The fishes of West Virginia. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 146: 1–389.

[T90] Taguchi, S. 1990. Nihon no Sakana. Kogakukan: Tokyo.

[TP86] Thinès, G., & G. Proudlove. 1986. Pisces. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 709–733. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

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