Cyrtacanthacridinae

American bird grasshopper Schistocerca americana, copyright Judy Gallagher.

Belongs within: Acridoidea.

The Cyrtacanthacridinae are a group of often large grasshoppers characterised by mesosternal lobes with their mesal margins separate and parallel or converging posteriorly with their inner posterior angles acute, and a pronotum lacking lateral carinae (Rentz 1996).

<==Cyrtacanthacridinae [Cyrtacanthacridini]
|–Valanga R96
|    |–V. irregularis R96
|    `–V. meleager K91
|–Paraidemona BM76
|–Trigonophymus BM76
|–Pezotettix giournai (Rossi 1794) E66, D95
|–Anacridium P05
|    |–A. aegyptium (Linnaeus 1764) P05
|    `–A. moestum F92
|–Nomadacris R96
|    |–N. basalis K90
|    |–N. proxima K91
|    `–N. septemfasciata Y70
|–Austracris R96
|    |–A. basalis R96
|    |–A. guttulosa R96 [=Nomadacris guttulosa R91]
|    `–A. proxima R96
|–Oedaleonotus SH72
|    |–O. borckii SH72
|    |–O. enigma SH72
|    |–O. orientis SH72
|    `–O. phryneicus SH72
`–Schistocerca Y70
|–S. americana D01
|–S. gregaria (Forskål 1775) SB05
|–S. melanocera PP72
|–S. nitens HSS13
|–S. paranensis R15
|–S. peregrina F92
|–S. piceifrons HSS13
`–S. tartarica WB37

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[D95] Damerdji, A. 1995. Bio-écologie du peuplement des orthoptères de la région de Ghazaouet (Tlemcen, Algérie). Mésogée 54: 73–80.

[D01] Dohle, W. 2001. Are the insects terrestrial crustaceans? A discussion of some new facts and arguments and the proposal of the proper name ‘Tetraconata’ for the monophyletic unit Crustacea + Hexapoda. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (N.S.) 37 (1–2): 85–103.

[E66] Evans, H. E. 1966. The Comparative Ethology and Evolution of the Sand Wasps. Harvard University Press: Cambridge (Massachusetts).

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[HSS13] Hirschfeld, E., A. Swash & R. Still. 2013. The World’s Rarest Birds. Princeton University Press: Princeton (New Jersey).

[K90] Key, K. H. L. 1990. Host relations and distribution of species of Caeculisoma (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers in Australia, with supplementary information for the genus Trombella (Trombellidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 38: 11–18.

[K91] Key, K. H. L. 1991. Host relations and distribution of Australian species of Charletonia (Acarina: Erythraeidae) parasitising grasshoppers. Australian Journal of Zoology 39: 31–43.

[P05] Papapavlou, K. P. 2005. New distributional data on the Orthoptera (Saltatoria) of the northern Dodecanese (“southern Sporadhes”) archipelago, Greece. Graellsia 61 (1): 3–11.

[PP72] Parkin, P., D. T. Parkin, A. W. Ewing & H. A. Ford. 1972. A report on the arthropods collected by the Edinburgh University Galapagos Islands expedition, 1968. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (2): 100–107.

[R15] Rehn, J. A. G. 1915. A further contribution to the knowledge of the Orthoptera of Argentina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 67 (2): 270–292.

[R91] Rentz, D. C. F. 1991. Orthoptera (grasshoppers, locusts, katydids, crickets). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers vol. 1 pp. 369–393. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[R96] Rentz, D. 1996. Grasshopper Country: The abundant orthopteroid insects of Australia. University of New South Wales Press: Sydney.

[SB05] Sala, J., & D. Boix. 2005. Presence of the Nearctic water boatman Trichocorixa verticalis verticalis (Fieber, 1851) (Heteroptera, Corixidae) in the Algarve region (S Portugal). Graellsia 61 (1): 31–36.

[SH72] Schroeter, G. L., & G. M. Hewitt. 1972. Cytology of some California grasshoppers. 1. Taxonomic considerations (Orthoptera: Acridoidea). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 48 (1): 27–36.

[WB37] Walton, W. R., & F. C. Bishopp. 1937. Dr. L. O. Howard and the Entomological Society of Washington. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 39 (6): 121–132.

[Y70] Yinon, U. 1970. Electrophysiological evidence of relationships in acridid insects. Systematic Zoology 19 (4): 397–398.

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