Darwinulocopina

Darwinula stevensoni, copyright Robin James Smith.

Belongs within: Ostracoda.

The Darwinulidae are a group of ostracods living in fresh or brackish waters, known from the Upper Carboniferous (possibly the Ordovician) to the present (Benson et al. 1961).

<==DarwinulocopinaL05
|--Darwinuloidea [Darwinulacea]L05
| |--DarwinulidaeS61
| | |--VestalenulaEHH05
| | | |--V. marmonieriPH10
| | | `--V. matildaePH10
| | |--MicrodarwinulaL05
| | |--Darwinula Brady & Robertson 1885CC02 (see below for synonymy)
| | | |--*D. stevensoni (Brady & Roberston 1870) [=*Polycheles stevensoni, *Darwinella stevensoni]BB61
| | | |--D. australis Chapman 1909F71
| | | |--D. boteai Danielopol 1970DH86
| | | |--D. impudicaHH09
| | | |--D. magnaHH09
| | | |--D. protacta Rome 1953DH86
| | | `--D. sarytirmenensisHH09
| | |--Penthesilenula brasiliensisPH10
| | `--Isabenula humphreysi Rossetti et al. 2011JG19
| `--Suchonella Spizharsky 1937BB61 [SuchonellidaeL05]
| |--*S. typica Spizharsky 1937BB61
| `--S. blomiTT05
`--CarbonitoideaL05
|--CarbonitidaeWSB93
| |--Carbonita Strand 1928 [=Carbonia Jones 1870 non Robineau-Desvoidy 1863]BB61
| | |--*C. agnes (Jones 1870) [=*Carbonia agnes]BB61
| | |--C. fabulinaG88
| | `--C. humilisL05
| `--Gutschickia Scott 1944WSB93, BB61
| |--*G. ninevehensis (Holland 1934) [=Whipplella ninevehensis]BB61
| `--G. convexa Tasch 1963WSB93
`--DarwinuloididaeL05
|--Darwinuloides Mandelstam 1956BB61
| |--*D. oviformis (Mandelstam 1947) [=Darwinula oviformis]BB61
| `--D. sentjakensisTT05
`--Whipplella Holland 1934L05, BB61
`--*W. cuneiformis Holland 1934BB61

Darwinula Brady & Robertson 1885CC02 [=Darwinella Brady & Robertson 1872 non Müller 1865BB61, Polycheles Brady 1870 non Heller 1862BB61; incl. Cyprione Jones 1885BB61]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BB61] Benson, R. H., J. M. Berdan, W. A. van den Bold, T. Hanai, I. Hessland, H. V. Howe, R. V. Kesling, S. A. Levinson, R. A. Reyment, R. C. Moore, H. W. Scott, R. H. Shaver, I. G. Sohn, L. E. Stover, F. M. Swain & P. C. Sylvester-Bradley. 1961. Systematic descriptions. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q99–Q421. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[CC02] Cabral, M. C., & J.-P. Colin. 2002. Taxonomie et paléoécologie de nouveaux ostracodes limniques Candonidae dans l’Oxfordien (Jurassique supérieur) du Portugal. Geodiversitas 24: 61–76.

[DH86] Danielopol, D. L., & G. Hartmann. 1986. Ostracoda. In: Botosaneanu, L. (ed.) Stygofauna Mundi: A Faunistic, Distributional, and Ecological Synthesis of the World Fauna inhabiting Subterranean Waters (including the Marine Interstitial) pp. 265–294. E. J. Brill/Dr W. Backhuys: Leiden.

[EHH05] Eberhard, S. M., S. A. Halse & W. F. Humphreys. 2005. Stygofauna in the Pilbara region, north-west Western Australia: a review. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 88 (4): 167–176.

[F71] Fletcher, H. O. 1971. Catalogue of type specimens of fossils in the Australian Museum, Sydney. Australian Museum Memoir 13: 1–167.

[G88] Gray, J. 1988. Evolution of the freshwater ecosystem: the fossil record. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 62: 1–214.

[HH09] Hu, D., L. Hou, L. Zhang & X. Xu. 2009. A pre-Archaeopteryx troodontid theropod from China with long feathers on the metatarsus. Nature 461: 640–643.

[JG19] James, D. J., P. T. Green, W. F. Humphreys & J. C. Z. Woinarski. 2019. Endemic species of Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Records of the Western Australian Museum 34 (2): 55–114.

[L05] Liebau, A. 2005. A revised classification of the higher taxa of the Ostracoda (Crustacea). Hydrobiologia 538: 115–137.

[PH10] Pinder, A. M., S. A. Halse, R. J. Shiel & J. M. McRae. 2010. An arid zone awash with diversity: patterns in the distribution of aquatic invertebrates in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 78 (1): 205–246.

[S61] Scott, H. W. 1961. Classification of Ostracoda. In: Moore, R. C. (ed.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology pt Q. Arthropoda 3: Crustacea: Ostracoda pp. Q74–Q92. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press.

[TT05] Tverdokhlebov, V. P., G. I. Tverdokhlebova, A. V. Minikh, M. V. Surkov & M. J. Benton. 2005. Upper Permian vertebrates and their sedimentological context in the South Urals, Russia. Earth-Science Reviews 69: 27–77.

[WSB93] Whatley, R. C., D. J. Siveter & I. D. Boomer. 1993. Arthropoda (Crustacea: Ostracoda). In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 343–356. Chapman & Hall: London.

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