Deilephila

Elephant hawkmoth Deilephila elpenor, copyright Gail Hampshire.

Belongs within: Macroglossini.

Deilephila is a Palaearctic genus of hawk moths with larvae feeding on herbaceous plants, mainly Onagraceae and Rubiaceae (Pittaway 1993).

Characters (from Pittaway 1993): Imago with labial palpus rough, with long lateral hairs. Eyelashes very distinct. Female antenna clubbed, male almost filiform; terminal segment short. Spines on abdomen numerous. First row of spines of first protarsal segment doubled at base. Pulvillus always present. Genitalia with uncus slender, much narrower than gnathos; gnathos flat or slightly convex beneath, not keeled or boat-shaped, rounded-truncate or rounded at end. Valva broadly sole-shaped, with a dozen or more friction scales. Sacculus ending in more or less spatulate process, which is concave on upper side and slightly curved upwards. Aedeagus without apical process but with strong, subapical, oblique, dentate ridge. Ovum ovoid, pale glossy green. Larva not typically sphingiform; anal horn reduced or absent; thoracic segments and head retractile in eyespot-bearing first and second abdominal segments. Oblique lateral bars present. Pupa with proboscis fused with body, weakly carinate. Dorso-lateral transverse row of fine, caudad-pointing hooks on each motile abdominal segment. Cremaster broadly triangular and down-curving, without terminal spines.

<==Deilephila Laspeyres 1809 (see below for synonymy)P93
    |--*D. elpenor (Linnaeus 1758)P93 [=Sphinx elpenorP93, Chaerocampa elpenorF92]
    |    |--D. e. elpenor (see below for synonymy)P93
    |    |--D. e. macromera (Butler 1875)P93
    |    `--D. e. szechuana (Chu & Wang 1980)P93
    |--‘Chaerocampa’ elatiorD51
    |--D. euphorbiaeD37
    |--‘Chaerocampa’ evana Druce 1889H01
    |--D. galiiD37
    |--D. hipophaesF92
    |--D. hypothousDS73
    |--D. neriiDS73
    |--D. porcellus (Linnaeus 1758)P93 [=Sphinx porcellusP93, Metopsilus porcellusD51]
    |    |--D. p. porcellus (see below for synonymy)P93
    |    |--D. p. colossus (Bang-Haas 1906) [=Metopsilus porcellus colossus]P93
    |    `--D. p. suellus Staudinger 1878 (see below for synonymy)P93
    |--D. rivularis (Boisduval in Boisduval & Guenée 1875) (see below for synonymy)P93
    `--‘Chaerocampa’ swinhoei Moore in Wallace & Moore 1866WM66

Deilephila Laspeyres 1809 [incl. Choerocampa Duponchel in Godart & Duponchel 1835 (nom. inv.), Cinogon Butler 1881, Elpenor Agassiz 1846, Eumorpha Hübner 1806 (nom. inv.), Metopsilus Duncan in Jardine 1836]P93

Deilephila elpenor elpenor (Linnaeus 1758) [incl. Chaerocampa lewisii Butler 1875, D. elpenor lewisii, Sphinx porcus Retzius 1758, Elpenor vitis Oken 1815 (nom. inv.)]P93

Deilephila porcellus porcellus (Linnaeus 1758) [incl. D. porcellus porcellus f. indistincta, Pergesa porcellus porca Bang-Haas 1927 non Sphinx porcus Retzius 1758]P93

Deilephila porcellus suellus Staudinger 1878 [incl. Eumorpha suellus gissarodarvasica Shchetkin 1981, D. suellus kashgoulii Ebert 1976, Pergesa suellus kuruschi Bang-Haas 1938, P. suellus rosea Zerny 1933, P. porcellus sinkiangensis Chu & Wang 1980, P. suellus sus Bang-Haas 1927]P93

Deilephila rivularis (Boisduval in Boisduval & Guenée 1875) [=Chaerocampa rivularis, D. elpenor rivularis; incl. C. fraterna Butler 1875]P93

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[DS73] Dickens, M., & E. Storey. 1973. The World of Moths. Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.: New York.

[D37] Dobzhansky, T. 1937. Genetics and the Origin of Species. Columbia University Press: New York.

[D51] Dobzhansky, T. 1951. Genetics and the Origin of Species 3rd ed. Columbia University Press: New York.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[H01] Hampson, G. F. 1901. The Lepidoptera-Phalaenae of the Bahamas. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 7, 7: 246–261.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

[WM66] Wallace, A. R., & F. Moore. 1866. List of lepidopterous insects collected at Takow, Formosa, by Mr. R. Swinhoe. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1866: 355–365.

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