Deinacridinae

Cook Strait giant weta Deinacrida rugosa, copyright Peter Reese.

Belongs within: Anostostomatidae.

The Deinacridinae is a group of orthopterans endemic to New Zealand, including the tree wetas (Hemideina) and giant wetas (Deinacrida).

Characters (from Gorochov 2001): Mandibles of male with sexual specialisation (increased length) or without it as well as those of female. Wings absent. Upper side of hind tibiae with large subapical spines; fore and mid tibiae without subapical spines. Tympana and femoro-abdominal stridulatory apparatus developed; abdominal stridulatory areas with ridges. Male genital plate with styles, paraprocts with specialised processes. Ovipositor developed.

<==Deinacridinae
    |--HemideinaGo01
    |    |--H. broughiGi01
    |    |--H. crassidens (Blanchard 1851)H04
    |    |    |--H. c. crassidensM-RKT01
    |    |    `--H. c. crassicrurisM-RKT01
    |    |--H. femorata Hutton 1897H82
    |    |--H. maoriH04
    |    |--H. rictaGi01
    |    |--H. thoracica (White 1845)H04 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--H. trewicki Morgan-Richards 1995H04
    `--DeinacridaGi01
         |--D. carinataGi01
         |--D. connectens (Ander 1939) [=D. connectans (l. c.); incl. D. sonitospina (Salmon 1950)]Gi01
         |--D. elegansGi01
         |--D. fallaiGi01
         |--D. heteracanthaGi01
         |--D. mahoenuiGi01
         |--D. parva (Buller 1895)Gi01
         |--D. pluvialisGi01
         |--D. rugosa Buller 1871H82
         |--D. talpaGi01
         `--D. tibiospinaGi01

Hemideina thoracica (White 1845)H04 [=Deinacrida thoracicaM27; incl. D. ligata Brunner 1888M27, D. megacephala Buller 1867M27, Hemideina megacephalaM27]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[Gi01] Gibbs, G. W. 2001. Habitats and biogeography of New Zealand’s deinacridine and tusked weta species. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 35–55. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[Go01] Gorochov, A. V. 2001. The higher classification, phylogeny and evolution of the superfamily Stenopelmatoidea. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 3–33. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

[H04] Harris, A. C. 2004. Hemideina crassidens (Blanchard) and not Hemideina maori (Pictet & Saussure) (Anostostomatidae: Deinacridinae) established at Anderson’s Bay, Dunedin. Weta 27: 41–42.

[H82] Helmore, D. W. 1982. Drawings of New Zealand insects. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 8: 1–52.

[M27] Maskell, F. G. 1927. The anatomy of Hemideina thoracica. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 57: 637–670.

[M-RKT01] Morgan-Richards, M., T. King & S. Trewick. 2001. The evolutionary history of tree weta: a genetic approach. In: Field, L. H. (ed.) The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and Their Allies pp. 111–124. CABI Publishing: Wallingford (UK).

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *