Delphax collina, copyright Gernot Kunz.

Belongs within: Auchenorrhyncha.

The Delphacidae are a group of planthoppers, characterised by the presence of a large movable spur at the apex of the hind tibia, that mostly feed on monocots (Carver et al. 1991). Many species exhibit intraspecific dimorphism with both macropterous and brachypterous forms occurring in a population. Some are significant agricultural pests and may act as vectors for viral diseases. These include the sugarcane planthopper Perkinsiella saccharicida and the brown planthopper Nilaparvata lugens.

<==Delphacidae [Araeopidae, Asiracidae]
    |–Asiraca Latreille 1802 L02 [Asiracinae CGW91]
    |    |–A. clavicornis [=Delphax clavicornis] L02
    |    |–A. crassicornis [=Delphax crassicornis] L02
    |    `–A. longicornis [=Delphax longicornis] L02
    `–Delphacini [Delphacinae] CGW91
         |–Toya drope GF13, K89
         |–Sardia GF13
         |    |–S. pluto (Kirkaldy 1906) K08 [=Hadeodelphax pluto K08, S. rostrata pluto MC13]
         |    `–S. rostrata MC13
         `–Delphax H01
              |–D. collina H01
              |–D. disonymos Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |–D. dryope Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |–D. eupompe Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |–D. flaveola H01
              |–D. limbata G20
              |–D. matanitu Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |–D. ochrias Kirkaldy 1907 K08
              |–D. pellucida H01
              |–D. puella K08
              `–D. striatella H01

Delphacidae incertae sedis:
  Conomelus anceps A71
  Neopunana saba E02
  Eumetopina flavipes MHG04
  Notuchus larvalis RH88
  Nesodyne O94
  Sogata BM76
    |–S. furcifera BM76
    `–S. orizicola AS07
  Sulix M83
    |–S. insecutor M83
    `–S. tasmani (Muir 1923) H82
  Alohini F62
    |–Nesothoe F62
    |–Nesodryas laocoon F62
    `–Nesorthia Fennah 1962 F62
         `–*N. paronychiae Fennah 1962 F62
  Nilaparvata lugens K91
  Javesella K91
    |–J. dubia K91
    `–J. pellucida K91
  Sogatella K91
    |–S. furcifera K91
    `–S. kolophon K91
  Ugyops K08
    |–U. kinbergi E02
    `–U. vitiensis Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Melanesia pacifica Kirkaldy 1907 [incl. M. pacifica var. strigata Kirkaldy 1907] K08
  Peregrinus maidis K08
  Dicranotropis K08
    |–D. anderida Kirkaldy 1907 K08
    |–D. flavipes H01
    |–D. koebelei Kirkaldy 1906 K08
    `–D. muiri A71
  Perkinsiella Kirkaldy 1903 DFP08
    |–P. pseudomaidis Kirkaldy 1906 K08
    |–P. saccharicida Kirkaldy 1903 DFP08
    |–P. vastatrix B88
    `–P. vitiensis Kirkaldy 1906 K08
  Stenocranus pacificus Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Megamelus proserpina Kirkaldy 1907 K08
  Delphacodes striatella WEE70

*Type species of generic name indicated


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[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[BM76] Bohart, R. M., & A. S. Menke. 1976. Sphecid Wasps of the World. University of California Press: Berkeley.

[B88] Bouček, Z. 1988. Australasian Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera): A biosystematic revision of genera of fourteen families, with a reclassification of species. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[CGW91] Carver, M., G. F. Gross & T. E. Woodward. 1991. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, cicadas, aphids, scale insects etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 429–509. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[DFP08] Dyková, I., I. Fiala & H. Pecková. 2008. Neoparamoeba spp. and their eukaryotic endosymbionts similar to Perkinsela amoebae (Hollande, 1980): coevolution demonstrated by SSU rRNA gene phylogenies. European Journal of Protistology 44 (4): 269–277.

[E02] Emeljanov, A. F. 2002. Contribution to classification and phylogeny of the family Cixiidae (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha). Denisia 2002: 103–112.

[F62] Fennah, R. G. 1962. A new alohine delphacid from San Ambrosio I. (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 75: 177–180.

[G20] Goldfuss, G. A. 1820. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte vol. 3. Handbuch der Zoologie pt 1. Johann Leonhard Schrag: Nürnberg.

[GF13] Gopurenko, D., M. Fletcher, H. Löcker & A. Mitchell. 2013. Morphological and DNA barcode species identifications of leafhoppers, planthoppers and treehoppers (Hemiptera: Auchenorrhyncha) at Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 253–285.

[H82] Helmore, D. W. 1982. Drawings of New Zealand insects. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 8: 1–52.

[H01] Horváth, G. 1901. Hemipterák [Hemiptera]. In: Horváth, G. (ed.) Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazása [Dritte Asiatische Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] vol. 2. Zichy Jenő Gróf Harmadik Ázsiai Utazásának Állattani Eredményei [Zoologische Ergebnisse der Dritten Asiatischen Forschungsreise des Grafen Eugen Zichy] pp. 245–274. Victor Hornyánszky: Budapest, and Karl W. Hierseman: Leipzig.

[K89] Kathirithamby, J. 1989. Descriptions and biological notes of the Australian Elenchidae (Strepsiptera). Invertebrate Taxonomy 3: 175–195.

[K91] Kathirithamby, J. 1991. Strepsiptera. In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers 2nd ed. vol. 2 pp. 684–695. Melbourne University Press: Carlton (Victoria).

[K08] Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A catalogue of the Hemiptera of Fiji. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 345–391, pl. 4.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[M83] Martin, N. A. 1983. Miscellaneous observations on a pasture fauna: an annotated species list. DSIR Entomology Division Report 3: 1–98.

[MHG04] Maynard, G. V., J. G. Hamilton & J. F. Grimshaw. 2004. Quarantine—phytosanitary, sanitary and incursion management: an Australian entomological perspective. Australian Journal of Entomology 43 (3): 318–328.

[O94] Otte, D. 1994. The Crickets of Hawaii: origin, systematics and evolution. The Orthopterists’ Society: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.

[RH88] Remane, R., & H. Hoch. 1988. Cave-dwelling Fulguroidea (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha) from the Canary Islands. Journal of Natural History 22: 403–412.

[WEE70] Woodward, T. E., J. W. Evans & V. F. Eastop. 1970. Hemiptera (bugs, leafhoppers, etc.) In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 387–457. Melbourne University Press.

Last updated: 7 May 2022.

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