Deltaproteobacteria

Fruiting bodies of Myxococcus xanthus, copyright Michiel Vos.

Belongs within: Gracilicutes.
Contains: Desulfobacterota.

The Deltaproteobacteria are an ecologically diverse assemblage of bacteria united by molecular data. They include the Myxococcota, myxobacteria, soil-dwelling bacteria exhibiting gliding motility that aggregate in swarms to produce fruiting bodies. Members of the Myxococcales produce myxospores within the fruiting bodies via substantial shortening and flattening of the cells whereas Polyangia change little in shape.

<==Deltaproteobacteria [Deltabacteria]
| i. s.: Desulfonatronovibrio hydrogenovoransC-LM04
| Desulfovirga adipicaC-LM04
| Nitrospina gracilisMK03
|--+--DesulfobacterotaCD21
| `--Desulfuromonadia [Desulfuromonadota]CD21
| |--Desulfuromonadaceae [Desulfuromonadales]CD21
| | |--DesulfuromusaGH01
| | `--DesulfuromonasPHK96
| | |--D. acetoxidansPHK96
| | |--D. palmitatisHP98
| | |--D. soudanensisCD21
| | `--D. succinoxidansWH92
| `--GeobacteralesCD21
| |--Geobacter [Geobacteraceae]WK13
| | |--G. metallireducensHP98
| | `--G. uraniireducensWK13
| `--PelobacteraceaeCD21
| |--MalonomonasGH01
| `--PelobacterIM01
| |--P. acetylenicusIM01
| |--P. acidigalliciS92
| |--P. carbinolicusS92
| `--P. venetianusSC03
`--+--BdellovibrionotaCD21
| |--BacteriovoraxIJ03 [BacteriovoracaceaeCD21, Bacteriovoracales, Bacteriovoracia]
| | `--B. stolpiiIJ03
| `--Bdellovibrionaceae [Bdellovibrionales, Bdellovibrionia]GH01
| |--MicavibrioGH01
| `--BdellovibrioWK13
| |--*B. bacteriovorusDMD91
| `--+--B. starriiDMD91
| `--B. stolpiiDMD91
`--MyxococcotaCD21
|--Myxococcales [Cystobacteraceae, Cystobacterineae, Myxobacteriae, Myxococcaceae, Myxococcia]IJ03
| | i. s.: Polycephalum Kalchbr. & Cooke 1880 (n. d.) [incl. Gremlia Nieuwl. 1916]KC01
| | ItersoniaKC01
| | VulgatibacteraceaeCD21
| |--Stigmatella Berk. & Curtis 1857IJ03, KC01
| | |--S. aurantiacaIJ03
| | `--S. erectaD92
| `--+--+--Cystobacter Schröt. 1886IJ03, KC01
| | | `--C. fuscusIJ03
| | `--+--Angiococcus Jahn 1924IJ03, KC01
| | | `--A. disciformisIJ03
| | `--Archangium [Archangiaceae]IJ03
| | `--A. gephyraIJ03
| `--+--Melittangium lichenicolaIJ03
| `--MyxococcusIJ03
| |--M. coralloidesIJ03
| |--M. fulvusPHK96
| |--M. stipitatusPHK96
| `--M. xanthusIJ03
`--+--Bradymonas [Bradimonadia, Bradymonadaceae, Bradymonadales]CD21
| `--B. sediminisCD21
`--Polyangia [Polyangiaceae, Sorangineae]CD21
|--+--‘Sorangium cellulosum’IJ03
| `--ChondromycesIJ03
| |--C. apiculatusIJ03
| `--C. crocatusIJ03
`--+--+--Plesiocystis Iizuka, Jojima et al. 2003IJ03
| | `--*P. pacifica Iizuka, Jojima et al. 2003IJ03
| `--Nannocystis [Nannocystaceae, Nannocystales]IJ03
| |--‘N. aggregans’IJ03
| `--N. exedensIJ03
`--+--Polyangium Link 1809IJ03, KC01
| |--P. violaceumMS98
| `--P. vitellinumIJ03
`--Haliangium [Haliangiaceae, Haliangiales]IJ03
|--H. ochraceumIJ03
`--H. tepidumIJ03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CD21] Coleman, G. A., A. A. Davín, T. A. Mahendrarajah, L. L. Szánthó, A. Spang, P. Hugenholtz, G. J. Szöllősi & T. A. Williams. 2021. A rooted phylogeny resolves early bacterial evolution. Science 372: 588.

[C-LM04] Cravo-Laureau, C., R. Matheron, J.-L. Cayol, C. Joulian & A. Hirschler-Réa. 2004. Desulfatibacillum aliphaticivorans gen. nov., sp. nov., an n-alkane- and n-alkene-degrading, sulfate-reducing bacterium. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 54: 77–83.

[DMD91] Donze, D., J. A. Mayo & D. L. Diedrich. 1991. Relationships among the bdellovibrios revealed by partial sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA. Current Microbiology 23: 115–119.

[D92] Dworkin, M. 1992. Prokaryotic diversity. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 48–74. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[GH01] Garrity, G. M., & J. G. Holt. 2001. The road map to the Manual. In: Boone, D. R., R. W. Castenholz & G. M. Garrity (eds) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology 2nd ed. vol. 1. The Archaea and the Deeply Branching and Phototrophic Bacteria pp. 119–166. Springer.

[HP98] Hugenholtz, P., C. Pitulle, K. L. Hershberger & N. R. Pace. 1998. Novel division level bacterial diversity in a Yellowstone hot spring. Journal of Bacteriology 180 (2): 366–376.

[IJ03] Iizuka, T., Y. Jojima, R. Fudou, A. Hiraishi, J.-W. Ahn & S. Yamanaka. 2003. Plesiocystis pacifica gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine myxobacterium that contains dihydrogenated menaquinone, isolated from the Pacific coasts of Japan. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 189–195.

[IM01] Ivanova, E. P., & V. V. Mikhaylov. 2001. Novoe semejstvo Alteromonadaceae fam. nov., ob”edinâûŝee morskie proteobakterii rodov Alteromonas, Pseudoalteromonas, Idiomarina i Colwellia. Mikrobiologiya 70 (1): 15–23.

[KC01] Kirk, P. M., P. F. Cannon, J. C. David & J. A. Stalpers. 2001. Ainsworth & Bisby’s Dictionary of the Fungi 9th ed. CAB International: Wallingford (UK).

[MS98] Margulis, L., & K. V. Schwartz. 1998. Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth 3rd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company: New York.

[MK03] Miroshnichenko, M. L., N. A. Kostrikina, N. A. Chernyh, N. V. Pimenov, T. P. Tourova, A. N. Antipov, S. Spring, E. Stackebrandt & E. A. Bonch-Osmolovskaya. 2003. Caldithrix abyssi gen. nov., sp. nov., a nitrate-reducing, thermophilic, anaerobic bacterium isolated from a Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal vent, represents a novel bacterial lineage. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 53: 323–329.

[PHK96] Prescott, L. M., J. P. Harley & D. A. Klein. 1996. Microbiology 3rd ed. Wm. C. Brown Publishers: Dubuque (Iowa).

[S92] Schink, B. 1992. Syntrophism among prokaryotes. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 276–299. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[SC03] Sjöling, S., & D. A. Cowan. 2003. High 16S rDNA bacterial diversity in glacial meltwater lake sediment, Bratina Island, Antarctica. Extremophiles 7: 275–282.

[WH92] Widdel, F., & T. A. Hansen. 1992. The dissimilatory sulfate- and sulfur-reducing bacteria. In: Balows, A., H. G. Trüper, M. Dworkin, W. Harder & K.-H. Schleifer (eds) The Prokaryotes: A handbook on the biology of bacteria: Ecophysiology, isolation, identification, applications 2nd ed. vol. 1 pp. 583–624. Springer-Verlag: New York.

[WK13] Williams, K. P., & D. P. Kelly. 2013. Proposal for a new class within the phylum Proteobacteria, Acidithiobacillia classis nov., with the type order Acidithiobacillales, and emended description of the class Gammaproteobacteria. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 63 (8): 2901–2906.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *