Dermanyssidae

Chicken mite Dermanyssus gallinae, from here.

Belongs within: Gamasina.

The Dermanyssidae are a group of ectoparasitic mites in which females have the second segment of the chelicera much longer than the basal segment. Species of the genus Dermanyssus are found only on birds whereas Liponyssoides may be found on rodents. The red mite or chicken mite Dermanyssus gallinae is a significant pest of commercial poultry, implicated in the transmission of several diseases.

Characters (from Evans & Till 1979): Tritosternum present; chelicerae in nymphal stages and female with second article conspicuously elongated, slender, stylet-like with digits minute; tarsi III and IV of male with seta pv2 modified into short tooth-like projection.

<==Dermanyssidae [Dermanyssida, Dermanyssinae]
    |--Liponyssoides Hirst 1913H98
    |    |--L. adsonis Domrow 1992H98
    |    |--L. intermediusM68
    |    |--L. lukoschusi Domrow 1979H98
    |    |--L. sanguineusR01
    |    `--L. warnekei Domrow 1963H98
    |--Laelaptoseius novaezelandiae Womersley 1960SL71
    `--Dermanyssus Dugès 1834H98
         |  i. s.: D. intermedius Evans & Till 1964ET64
         |         D. lacertarum (Contarini 1843) [=Ricinus lacertarum]CF77
         |         D. laniusCF77
         |         D. richiardii Canestrini & Fanzago 1877CF77
         |--D. (Dermanyssus)ET79
         |    |--*D. (D.) gallinae (De Geer 1778)ET79 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--D. (D.) chelidonisET79
         |    |--D. (D.) grochovskaeM68
         |    |--D. (D.) hirsutusM68
         |    |--D. (D.) hirundinis (Hermann 1804)M68, H98 [=Acarus hirundinisH98]
         |    |--D. (D.) prognephilusM68
         |    |--D. (D.) quintusM68
         |    |--D. (D.) transvaalensisM68
         |    `--D. (D.) triscutatusM68
         |--D. (Allodermanyssus) sanguineusH23
         `--D. (Microdermanyssus Moss 1967)ET79
              |--D. (*M.) alaudae (Schrank 1781) [=Acarus alaudae]ET79
              |--D. (M.) americanus Ewing 1923M68, H98
              `--D. (M.) brevisM68

*Dermanyssus (Dermanyssus) gallinae (De Geer 1778)ET79 [=Acarus gallinaeH98, Gamasus gallinaeCF77, Pulex gallinaeCF77; incl. Dermanyssus avium Dugès 1834H98]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[CF77] Canestrini, G., & F. Fanzago. 1877. Intorno agli Acari Italiani. Atti del Reale Istituto Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti, Serie 5, 4: 69–208, pls 2–7.

[ET64] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1964. A new species of Dermanyssus and a redescription of Steatonyssus superans Zemskaya (Acari: Mesostigmata). Acarologia 6 (4): 624–631.

[ET79] Evans, G. O., & W. M. Till. 1979. Mesostigmatic mites of Britain and Ireland (Chelicerata: Acari-Parasitiformes). An introduction to their external morphology and classification. Transactions of the Zoological Society of London 35: 139–270.

[H98] Halliday, R. B. 1998. Mites of Australia: A checklist and bibliography. CSIRO Publishing: Collingwood.

[H23] Hirst, S. 1923. On some new or little-known species of Acari. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 971–1000.

[M68] Moss, W. W. 1968. Experiments with various techniques of numerical taxonomy. Systematic Zoology 17 (1): 31–47.

[R01] Russell, R. C. 2001. The medical significance of Acari in Australia. In: Halliday, R. B., D. E. Walter, H. C. Proctor, R. A. Norton & M. J. Colloff (eds) Acarology: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress pp. 535–546. CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne.

[SL71] Spain, A. V., & M. Luxton. 1971. Catalog and bibliography of the Acari of the New Zealand subregion. Pacific Insects Monograph 25: 179–226.

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