Desidae

Myro kerguelenensis, from here.

Belongs within: Amaurobioidea.
Contains: Hapona, Gasparia, Goyenia.

The Desidae is a heterogeneous family of free-living or snare-building spiders, mostly found in the Southern Hemisphere. Members of the type genus Desis are found in the marine intertidal and have large, anterior-directed chelicerae. Badumna, the house spiders, is an Indo-Australian genus of dark-coloured spiders of which the species B. insignis and B. longinqua have been widely introduced in association with humans.

Characters (from Jocqué & Dippenaar-Schoeman 2007): Small to large; eight eyes present; legs with three tarsal claws; inner and outer pair of tracheae branched; cribellate or ecribellate; entelegyne.

<==Desidae [Desiae, Toxopidae]
    |--Toxopinae [Toxopidae]PVD10
    |    |--Toxops montanusJD-S07, FF99
    |    |--HaponaPVD10
    |    |--Toxopsoides Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    `--*T. huttoni Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    `--Laestrygones Urquhart 1894PVD10
    |         |--*L. albiceris Urquhart 1894PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--L. chathamensis Forster 1970PVD10
    |         |--L. minutissimus (Hogg 1909)PVD10 [=Stiphidion minutissimumF64, Stiphidiellum minutissimumF64]
    |         |--L. otagoensis Forster 1970PVD10
    |         `--L. westlandicus Forster 1970PVD10
    |--MyroninaePVD10
    |    |--GaspariaPVD10
    |    |--Neomyro Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    |--*N. scitulus (Urquhart 1891)PVD10
    |    |    |--N. amplius Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    `--N. circe Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |--Otagoa Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--*O. nova Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--O. chathamensis Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    `--O. wiltoni Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |--Hulua Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    |--*H. convoluta Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    |--H. manga Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    |--H. minima Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |    `--H. pana Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
    |    |--Lamina Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--*L. minor Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--L. montana Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--L. parana Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    `--L. ulva Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |--Gohia de Dalmas 1917PVD10
    |    |    |--*G. falxiata (Hogg 1909)PVD10 [=Rubrius falxiatusF64, G. falcataF64]
    |    |    |--G. clarki Forster 1964PVD10
    |    |    |--G. enderbyensis Forster 1964F64
    |    |    |--G. isolata Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    |--G. parisolata Forster 1970PVD10
    |    |    `--G. wenhami (Forster 1955) [=Chiracanthium wenhami]F64
    |    `--Myro Pickard-Cambridge 1876PVD10
    |         |--*M. kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876F64 (see below for synonymy)
    |         |--M. extinctus Petrunkevitch 1942S93
    |         |--M. hirsutus Petrunkevitch 1942S93
    |         |--M. kirki Hogg 1909F64
    |         |--M. manneringi Forster 1964F64
    |         |--M. marinus (Goyen 1890)PVD10 [=Habronestes marinusFF99]
    |         `--M. ovalis Hogg 1909F64
    `--Desinae [Matachiinae]PVD10
         |--GoyeniaPVD10
         |--Helsonia Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--*H. plata Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Nuisiana Forster & Wilton 1973PVD10
         |    `--*N. arboris (Marples 1959)PVD10
         |--Rapua Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--*R. australis Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Mangareia Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--*M. maculata Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--M. motu Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Tuakana Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--*T. wiltoni Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--T. mirada Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Mesudus Özdikmen 2007 [=Manawa Forster 1970 non Hornibrook 1949]PVD10
         |    |--*M. solitarius (Forster 1970) [=*Manawa solitaria]PVD10
         |    |--M. frondosus (Forster 1970)PVD10
         |    `--M. setosus (Forster 1970)PVD10
         |--Notomatachia Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--*N. hirsuta (Marples 1962)PVD10
         |    |--N. cantuaria Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--N. wiltoni Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Desis Walckenaer 1837PVD10
         |    |--D. formidabilisJD-S07
         |    |--D. marina (Hector 1877)PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
         |    |--D. martensii Koch 1872T94
         |    `--D. vorax K. 1871R13
         |--Panoa Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--*P. contorta Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--P. fiordensis Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--P. mora Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--P. tapanuiensis Forster 1970PVD10
         |--Matachia de Dalmas 1917PVD10
         |    |--*M. ramulicola de Dalmas 1917PVD10
         |    |--M. australis Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--M. livor (Urquhart 1893)PVD10 [=Tegenaria livorisNS00]
         |    |--M. magna Forster 1970PVD10
         |    |--M. marplesi Forster 1970PVD10
         |    `--M. similis Forster 1970PVD10
         `--Badumna Thorell 1890PVD10 [incl. IxeuticusF64]
              |--B. candidaGC99 [incl. Phryganoporus tubicola Simon 1908M90]
              |--B. insignis (Koch 1872)PVD10 [incl. Ixeuticus robustus (Koch 1872)PVD10, B. robustaFF99]
              |--B. longinqua (Koch 1867)PVD10 (see below for synonymy)
              |--B. senilellus (Strand 1907) [=Amaurobius senilellus, Ixeuticus senilellus]J98
              |--B. senilis [=Amaurobius senilis]S99
              |--B. socialisD95
              |--B. subfasciata Simon 1899S99
              `--B. (Aphyctoschaema) veliferum (Simon 1908) [=Aphyctoschaema veliferum]M90

Desidae incertae sedis:
  Cedicus Simon 1875MG03
    |--*C. flavipes Simon 1875MG03
    |--C. dubius Strand 1907MG03
    `--C. pumilus Thorell 1895MG03
  Paracedicus Fet 1993MG03
    |--*P. ephthalitus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus ephthalitus]MG03
    |--P. feti Marusik & Guseinov 2003MG03
    `--P. gennadii (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus gennadii]MG03
  Cedicoides Charitonov 1946MG03
    |--*C. simoni (Charitonov 1946) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) simoni]MG03
    |--C. maerens (Simon 1889) [=Cedicus maerens]MG03
    |--C. parthus (Fet 1993) [=Cedicus parthus]MG03
    `--C. pavlovskii (Spassky 1941) [=Cedicus (Cedicoides) pavlovskii]MG03
  ParatheumaJD-S07
  ParamatachiaJD-S07
  ForsterinaMC13

Badumna longinqua (Koch 1867)PVD10 [=Ixeuticus longiquusE95; incl. *I. martius (Simon 1899)F64, PVD10, Hesperauximus sternitzkiiF64]

Desis marina (Hector 1877)PVD10 [=Argyroneta marinaFF99, Robsonia marinaS99; incl. Dandridgia dysderoides White 1849 (preoc.)W49, S99, Desis robsoni Powell 1879S99]

*Laestrygones albiceris Urquhart 1894PVD10 [incl. Lycosa proxima Urquhart 1886 non Koch 1847NS00, La. urquhartii Bryant 1933NS00]

*Myro kerguelenensis Cambridge 1876F64 [=M. kerguelensis (l. c.)H39; incl. M. kerguelensis crozetensis Enderlein 1909H39, M. hamiltoni Hogg 1909H39]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[D95] Downes, M. F. 1995. Australasian social spiders: what is meant by ‘social’? Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 25–32.

[E95] Elgar, M. A. 1995. The duration of copulation in spiders: comparative patterns. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 52: 1–11.

[F64] Forster, R. R. 1964. The Araneae and Opiliones of the subantarctic islands of New Zealand. Pacific Insects Monograph 7: 58–115.

[FF99] Forster, R., & L. Forster. 1999. Spiders of New Zealand and their World-wide Kin. University of Otago Press: Dunedin (New Zealand).

[GC99] Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, N. I. Platnick & R. R. Forster. 1999. Towards a phylogeny of entelegyne spiders (Araneae, Araneomorphae, Entelegynae). Journal of Arachnology 27: 53–63.

[H39] Hickman, V. V. 1939. Opiliones and Araneae. British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition Reports Series B 4: 157–188.

[J98] Jäger, P. 1998. Das Typenmaterial der Spinnentiere (Arachnida: Acari, Amblypygi, Araneae, Opiliones, Pseudoscorpiones, Scorpiones, Uropygi) aus dem Museum Wiesbaden. Jahrbuecher des Nassauischen Vereins fuer Naturkunde 119: 81–91.

[JD-S07] Jocqué, R., & A. S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2007. Spider Families of the World. Royal Museum for Central Africa: Tervuren (Belgium).

[M90] Main, B. Y. 1990. Spiders of the Shark Bay area, Western Australia. In: Berry, P. F., S. D. Bradshaw & B. R. Wilson (eds) Research in Shark Bay: Report of the France-Australe Bicentenary Expedition Committee pp. 231–236. Western Australian Museum.

[MC13] Majer, J. D., S. K. Callan, K. Edwards, N. R. Gunawardene & C. K. Taylor. 2013. Baseline survey of the terrestrial invertebrate fauna of Barrow Island. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 83: 13–112.

[MG03] Marusik, Yu. M., & E. F. Guseinov. 2003. Spiders (Arachnida: Aranei) of Azerbaijan. 1. New family and genus records. Arthropoda Selecta 12 (1): 29–46.

[NS00] Nicholls, D. C., P. J. Sirvid, S. D. Pollard & M. Walker. 2000. A list of arachnid primary types held in Canterbury Museum. Records of the Canterbury Museum 14: 37–48.

[PVD10] Paquin, P., C. J. Vink & N. Dupérré. 2010. Spiders of New Zealand: annotated family key and species list. Manaaki Whenua Press: Lincoln (New Zealand).

[R13] Rainbow, W. J. 1913. Arachnida from the Solomon Islands. Records of the Australian Museum 10 (1): 1–16.

[S99] Simon, E. 1899. Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896–1897). Arachnoideen. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie un Biologie der Thiere 12 (4): 411–437.

[T94] Thorell, T. 1894. Förteckning öfver Arachnider från Java och närgränsande öar, insamlade af docenten D:r Carl Aurivillius; jemte beskrifingar å några sydasiatiska och sydamerikanska Spindlar. Bihang till K. Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 20 pt 4 (4): 1–63.

[W49] White, A. 1849. Descriptions of apparently new species of Aptera from New Zealand. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 17: 3–6 (reprinted: 1850. Annals & Magazine of Natural History series 2, 5: 50–53).

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