Desmidiaceae

Micrasterias furcata, copyright NEON.

Belongs within: Desmidiales.
Contains: Cosmarium, Euastrum, Staurastrum.

The Desmidiaceae are a family of desmids in which the cell has elaborately sculptured walls and is divided between two semicells connected by a narrow isthmus.

<==Desmidiaceae [Cosmarieae, Desmidieae, Xanthidieae]MK00
    |--ArthrodesmusMK00
    |    |--A. convergensG64
    |    |--A. gibberulusP08
    |    |    |--A. g. var. gibberulusP08
    |    |    `--A. g. var. ellipticus Playfair 1907P08
    |    `--A. incusG64
    `--+--CosmariumMK00
       `--+--+--EuastrumMK00
          |  `--Xanthidium Ehrenberg 1834MK00, FT93
          |       |--X. aculeatumG64
          |       |--X. armatumG64
          |       |--X. brebissoniiG64
          |       |--X. cristatumg64
          |       |--X. exileP08
          |       |--X. fasciculatumG64
          |       |--X. gloriosum [incl. X. pulcherrimum Playfair 1907]P08
          |       |--X. inchoatumP08
          |       |    |--X. i. var. inchoatumP08
          |       |    `--X. i. β mammillatum Playfair 1908P08
          |       |--X. octocorneG64
          |       |--X. octonariumP08
          |       |    |--X. o. var. octonariumP08
          |       |    `--X. o. var. cornutum Playfair 1908P08
          |       |--X. sexmamillatumRA05
          |       |--X. simpliciusP08
          |       |    |--X. s. var. simpliciusP08
          |       |    |--X. s. var. botanicum (Playfair) Playfair 1908 [=X. botanicum Playfair 1907]P08
          |       |    `--X. s. var. intermedium Playfair 1908P08
          |       |--X. smithiiG64
          |       `--X. subhastiferumMK00
          `--+--+--PleurotaeniumMK00
             |  |    |--P. ehrenbergiiSG05
             |  |    `--P. trabeculaMK00
             |  `--+--+--CosmocladiumMK00
             |     |  |    |--C. perissumMK00
             |     |  |    `--C. saxonicumSG99
             |     |  `--+--Groenbladia undulataMK00
             |     |     `--SphaerozosmaMK00
             |     |          |--S. granulatumSG99
             |     |          |--S. excavatumG64
             |     |          `--S. vertebratumG64
             |     `--+--Spondylosium pulchellumMK00
             |        `--+--DesmidiumMK00
             |           |    |--D. cylindriumMS98
             |           |    |--D. quadrangulareG64
             |           |    `--D. swartziiG64
             |           `--+--OnychonemaMK00
             |              `--HyalothecaMK00
             |                   |--H. dissiliensMK00
             |                   `--H. mucosaG64
             `--+--StaurastrumMK00
                `--MicrasteriasMK00
                     |--M. americanaG64
                     |--M. crenataG64
                     |--M. crux-melitensisG64
                     |--M. denticulataH04
                     |--M. fimbriataG64
                     |--M. furcataG64
                     |--M. jenneriG64
                     |--M. laticipesP08
                     |--M. morsaG64
                     |--M. rotataG64
                     |--M. meissaSG05
                     |--M. melitensisH04
                     |--M. oscitans [=M. (Tetrachastrum) oscitans]G64
                     |--M. papilliferaG64
                     |--M. pinnatifida [=M. (Tetrachastrum) pinnatifida]G64
                     |--M. radiosaG64
                     |--M. rotataMK00
                     |--M. thomasianaSBM11
                     |--M. trigeminaH04
                     `--M. truncataP08
                          |--M. t. var. truncataP08
                          |--M. t. var. australica Playfair 1908P08
                          |--M. t. var. decemdentataP08
                          `--M. t. var. laticipiformis Playfair 1908P08
Desmidiaceae incertae sedis:
  BambusinaMK00
  TeilingiaMK00
  HaplozygaMK00
  PhymatodocisMK00
  Paleoclosterium leptum Baschnagel 1966EB93
  Didymocladon furcigerusG64
  DidymopriumG64
    |--D. borreriG64
    `--D. grevilliiG64
  Aptogonum desmidiumG64

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[EB93] Edwards, D., J. G. Baldauf, P. R. Brown, K. J. Dorning, M. Feist, L. T. Gallagher, N. Grambast-Fessard, M. B. Hart, A. J. Powell & R. Riding. 1993. ‘Algae’. In: Benton, M. J. (ed.) The Fossil Record 2 pp. 15–40. Chapman & Hall: London.

[FT93] Fensome, R. A., F. J. R. Taylor, G. Norris, W. A. S. Sarjeant, D. I. Wharton & G. L. Williams. 1993. A classification of living and fossil dinoflagellates. Micropaleontology Special Publication 7: i–viii, 1–351.

[G64] Gray, J. E. 1864. Handbook of British Water-weeds or Algae. R. Hardwicke: London.

[H04] Haeckel, E. 1899–1904. Kunstformen der Natur. Bibliographisches Institut: Leipzig und Wien.

[MS98] Margulis, L., & K. V. Schwartz. 1998. Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth 3rd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company: New York.

[MK00] McCourt, R. M., K. G. Karol, J. Bell, K. M. Helm-Bychowski, A. Grajewska, M. F. Wojciechowski & R. W. Hoshaw. 2000. Phylogeny of the conjugating green algae (Zygnemophyceae) based on rbcL sequences. Journal of Phycology 36: 747–758.

[P08] Playfair, G. I. 1908. Some Sydney desmids. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 603–628, pls 11–13.

[RA05] Rath, J., & S. P. Adhikary. 2005. A check list of algae from Chilika Lake, Orissa. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 101–114.

[SG05] Sau, A., & R. K. Gupta. 2005. Algal flora of Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 63–86.

[SG99] Sluiman, H. J., & C. Guihal. 1999. Phylogenetic position of Chaetosphaeridium (Chlorophyta), a basal lineage in the Charophyceae inferred from 18S rDNA sequences. Journal of Phycology 35: 395–402.

[SBM11] Solomon, E. P., L. R. Berg & D. W. Martin (eds) 2011. Biology 9th ed. Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.

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