Desmidiales

Closterium setaceum, copyright Protist Information Server.

Belongs within: Zygnematophyceae.
Contains: Desmidiaceae.

The Desmidiales, placoderm desmids, are filamentous or unicellular green algae with segmented, elaborately ornamented cell walls (McCourt et al. 2000).

<==Desmidiales [Desmidioideae]
    |--+--+--DesmidiaceaeMK00
    |  |  `--Penium [Peniaceae, Penieae]MK00
    |  |       |--P. closterioidesG64
    |  |       |--P. cylindrusG64
    |  |       |--P. digitusG64
    |  |       |--P. interruptumG64
    |  |       |--P. jenneriG64
    |  |       |--P. margaritaceumWM14
    |  |       |--P. naviculaP08
    |  |       |--P. spirostriolatum (see below for synonymy)P08
    |  |       `--P. truncatumG64
    |  `--GonatozygaceaeMK00
    |       |--RoyaPK96
    |       |    |--R. anglicaPK96
    |       |    `--R. obtusaWM14
    |       `--+--Genicularia De Bary 1858PK96
    |          |    `--G. spirotaeniaPK96
    |          `--Gonatozygon De Bary 1856PK96
    |               |--G. asperumG64
    |               |--G. brebissoniiSG05
    |               |--G. monotaeniumPK96
    |               |--G. pilosumSG05
    |               `--G. ralfsiiSG05
    `--Closteriaceae [Closterieae]MK00
         |--TetmemorusG64
         |    |--T. brebissoniiG64
         |    |--T. granulatusG64
         |    `--T. laevisG64
         |--DocidiumG64
         |    |--D. asperumG64
         |    |--D. baculumG64
         |    |--D. clavatumG64
         |    |--D. ehrenbergiiG64
         |    |--D. minutumG64
         |    |--D. nodulosumG64
         |    `--D. truncatumG64
         `--Closterium Nitzsch 1817M70
              |  i. s.: C. aciculare West 1860M70
              |         C. delpontei Wolle 1885 [incl. C. crassum, C. lineatum β sandvichense]P08
              |           |--C. d. var. delponteiP08
              |           |--C. d. var. elongatumP08
              |           `--C. d. var. rectum Playfair 1908P08
              |         C. gracile De Brebisson 1839M70
              |         C. lineatumP08
              |         C. littoraleOI05
              |         C. pervulumSG05
              |         C. praelongumP08
              |           |--C. p. var. praelongumP08
              |           `--C. p. var. strigosum (Brébisson) Playfair 1908 [incl. C. praelongum f. brevior]P08
              |         C. pronum De Brebisson 1856M70
              |--C. sect. ClosteriumG64
              |    |--C. acerosumG64
              |    |--C. angustatumG64
              |    |--C. attenuatumG64
              |    |--C. costatumG64
              |    |--C. dianaeG64
              |    |--C. didymotocumG64
              |    |--C. ehrenbergiiG64
              |    |--C. intermediumG64
              |    |--C. jenneriG64
              |    |--C. juncidumG64
              |    |--C. lanceolatumG64
              |    |    |--C. l. var. lanceolatumP08
              |    |    `--C. l. β coloratum (Klebs) Playfair 1908 [=C. lunula β coloratum]P08
              |    |--C. leibleinii Kutzing 1834G64, M70
              |    |--C. lunulaG64
              |    |    |--C. l. var. lunulaP08
              |    |    `--C. l. β giganteum (Bernard) Playfair 1908P08
              |    |--C. moniliferumG64
              |    |    |--C. m. var. moniliferumDI03
              |    |    `--C. m. var. submoniliferumDI03
              |    |--C. striolatumG64
              |    `--C. turgidumG64
              `--C. sect. StaurocerasG64
                   |--C. acutumG64
                   |--C. cornuG64
                   |--C. ralfsiiG64
                   |--C. rostratumG64
                   `--C. setaceumG64

Penium spirostriolatum [incl. P. margaritaceum β elongatum, P. gracillimum Playf. 1907, P. margaritaceum γ punctata]P08

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[DI03] Denboh, T., T. Ichimura, D. Hendrayanti & A. W. Coleman. 2003. Closterium moniliferum-ehrenbergii (Charophyceae, Chlorophyta) species complex viewed from the 1506 group I intron and ITS2 of nuclear rDNA. Journal of Phycology 39: 960–977.

[G64] Gray, J. E. 1864. Handbook of British Water-weeds or Algae. R. Hardwicke: London.

[MK00] McCourt, R. M., K. G. Karol, J. Bell, K. M. Helm-Bychowski, A. Grajewska, M. F. Wojciechowski & R. W. Hoshaw. 2000. Phylogeny of the conjugating green algae (Zygnemophyceae) based on rbcL sequences. Journal of Phycology 36: 747–758.

[M70] Meel, L. van. 1970. Etudes limnologiques en Belgique. VI.—Les méandres de la Durme à Hamme (Province de Flandre Orientale). Bulletin de l’Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 46 (13): 1–56.

[OI05] Okamoto, N., & I. Inouye. 2005. The katablepharids are a distant sister group of the Cryptophyta: a proposal for Katablepharidophyta divisio nova/Kathablepharida phylum novum based on SSU rDNA and beta-tubulin phylogeny. Protist 156: 163–179.

[PK96] Park, N. E., K. G. Karol, R. W. Hoshaw & R. M. McCourt. 1996. Phylogeny of Gonatozygon and Genicularia (Gonatozygaceae, Desmidiales) based on rbcL sequences. European Journal of Phycology 31: 309–313.

[P08] Playfair, G. I. 1908. Some Sydney desmids. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 33: 603–628, pls 11–13.

[SG05] Sau, A., & R. K. Gupta. 2005. Algal flora of Indian Botanic Garden, Howrah, West Bengal. Bulletin of the Botanical Survey of India 47: 63–86.

[WM14] Wickett, N. H., S. Mirarab, N. Nguyen, T. Warnow, E. Carpenter, N. Matasci, S. Ayyampalayam, M. S. Barker, J. G. Burleigh, M. A. Gitzendanner, B. R. Ruhfel, E. Wafula, J. P. Der, S. W. Graham, S. Mathews, M. Melkonian, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, N. W. Miles, C. J. Rothfels, L. Pokorny, A. J. Shaw, L. DeGeronimo, D. W. Stevenson, B. Surek, J. C. Villarreal, B. Roure, H. Philippe, C. W. dePamphilis, T. Chen, M. K. Deyholos, R. S. Baucom, T. M. Kutchan, M. M. Augustin, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, Z. Yan, X. Wu, X. Sun, G. K.-S. Wong & J. Leebens-Mack. 2014. Phylotranscriptomic analysis of the origin and early diversification of land plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111 (45): E4859–E4868.

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