Desmognathus

Northern dusky salamander Desmognathus fuscus, copyright Andrew Hoffman.

Belongs within: Plethodontidae.

Desmognathus, the dusky salamanders, is a genus of lungless salamanders found in eastern North America. Species exhibit a distinctive jaw-opening mechanism wherein the lower jaw remains stationary and the skull swings upwards.

<==Desmognathus Baird 1850 [Desmognathina]FG06
|--D. wrightiPW11
`--+--D. folkertsiPW11
`--+--+--D. marmoratusPW11
| `--D. quadramaculatus (Holbrook 1840)PW11, W08
`--+--+--D. aeneusPW11
| `--D. imitatorPW11
`--+--+--D. carolinensisPW11
| `--D. monticola Dunn 1916PW11, W08
`--+--D. brimleyorumPW11
`--+--+--D. planicepsPW11
| |--D. welteriPW11
| `--+--D. auriculatus (Holbrook 1838)PW11, W08
| `--D. fuscus (Green 1818)PW11, W08
`--+--+--D. apalachicolaePW11
| `--+--D. conanti Rossman 1958PW11, W08 [=D. fuscus conantiW08]
| `--D. santeetlahPW11
`--+--D. ocoeePW11
`--+--D. ochrophaeus Cope 1859PW11, W08
`--D. orestesPW11

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[FG06] Frost, D. R., T. Grant, J. Faivovich, R. H. Bain, A. Haas, C. F. B. Haddad, R. O. de Sá, A. Channing, M. Wilkinson, S. C. Donnellan, C. J. Raxworthy, J. A. Campbell, B. L. Blotto, P. Moler, R. C. Drewes, R. A. Nussbaum, J. D. Lynch, D. M. Green & W. C. Wheeler. 2006. The amphibian tree of life. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 297: 1–370.

[PW11] Pyron, R. A., & J. J. Wiens. 2011. A large-scale phylogeny of Amphibia including over 2800 species, and a revised classification of extant frogs, salamanders, and caecilians. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 543–583.

[W08] Warburg, M. R. 2008. Temporal variations in body dimensions followed for 25 years in a breeding population of adult salamanders, with a partial review on other Urodela (Amphibia, Urodela, Salamandridae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 88 (1): 81–101.

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