Uramya halisidotae, copyright Phil Huntley-Franck.

Belongs within: Tachinidae.
Contains: Dufouriini, Dexiini.

The Dexiinae are a group of tachinid flies united by the presence of a hinge in the phallus together with close association of the postgonites with the base of the phallus. Females possess a uterus and deposit eggs containing a developed embryo (Wood & Zumbado 2010). The majority of species parasitise Lepidoptera though certain subgroups attack Coleoptera or Heteroptera. Parasitoids of adult Heteroptera form a clade including the Epigrimyiini and Euthera. The host of the sister taxon of this clade, Litophasia, is as yet unknown (Stireman et al. 2019).

<==Dexiinae [Dufouriinae, Proseninae, Voriini, Wagneriini]WZ10
    |  `--+--EpigrimyiiniSC19
    |     |    |--EpigrimyiaSC19
    |     |    |    |--E. illinoensisSC19
    |     |    |    `--E. politaW87
    |     |    `--Beskia aelopsSC19
    |     `--Euthera [Eutherini]SC19
    |          |--E. setifaciesSC19
    |          `--E. tentatrixWZ10
    `--+--+--+--Microsoma exiguaSC19
       |  |  `--Freraea [Freraeini]SC19
       |  |       `--F. montanaW87
       |  `--+--Xanthobasis angustifronsSC19
       |     `--Eutrixa exilisSC19
       `--+--+--Chaetonopsis spinosaSC19
          |  `--StominaSC19
             |  `--+--Telothyria [Telothyriini]SC19
             |     |    `--T. thecata [=Leskiopsis thecata]WZ10
             |     `--EriothrixSC19
             |          |--E. monticolaSC19
             |          `--E. penitalisW87
                `--+--Phyllomya [Phyllomyina, Phyllomyini]SC19
                   |    |--P. volvulusSC19
                   |    `--P. washingtonianaW87
                   `--+--+--+--Periscepsia Gistel 1848SC19, F92 (see below for synonymy)
                      |  |  |    |--*P. carbonaria (Panzer 1798) (see below for synonymy)F92
                      |  |  |    |--P. helymusWZ10
                      |  |  |    `--P. stylata [=Petinarctia stylata]W87
                      |  |  `--+--MyiotrixiniSC19
                      |  |     |    |--MyiotrixaSC19
                      |  |     |    `--ObscuromyiaSC19
                      |  |     `--Campylocheta [Campylochetini]SC19
                      |  |          |--C. plathypenaeSC19
                      |  |          `--C. semiothisaeWZ10
                      |  `--+--+--MuscopteryxSC19
                      |     |  |    |--M. costalis [=Websteriana costalis]W87
                      |     |  |    |--M. evexus [=Tarassophorus evexus]W87
                      |     |  |    `--M. hilarisSC19
                      |     |  `--Metopomuscopteryx tibialisSC19
                      |     `--+--TrafoiaSC19
                      |        |    |--T. arcticaWZ10 [=Tenuirostra arcticaW87]
                      |        |    `--T. rufipalpisSC19
                      |        `--+--Micronychiops aurescensSC19
                      |           `--+--Uramya [Uramyini]SC19
                      |              |    |--U. aldrichiW87
                      |              |    |--U. halisidotaeT81
                      |              |    `--U. pristisSC19
                      |              `--Thelairaporia brasiliensisSC19
Dexiinae incertae sedis:
  Hystricodexia echinataWZ10
  Voria Robineau-Desvoidy 1830F92
    `--*V. ruralis (Fallén 1810) (see below for synonymy)F92
  Hyleorus Aldrich 1926 [incl. Neuroplagia Townsend 1933, Steiniomyia Townsend 1932]F92
    `--*H. elatus (Meigen 1838) [incl. Tachina setosa Brischke 1885]F92
  Kirbya [incl. Coleophasia, Hesperophasia, Hesperophasiopsis; Hesperophasiini]W87
    |--K. aldrichiW87
    |--K. pacificaWZ10
    `--K. setosaWZ10
    |--W. pacataW87
    `--W. vernataW87
  Peteina Meigen 1838F92
    |--*P. erinaceus Fabricius 1794F92
    `--P. hyperdiscalis Aldrich 1926F92
    |--Thelaira nigripesP93
    `--Halydaia Egger 1856 [incl. Anaperistommyia Townsend 1926, Macropia Malloch 1930]F92
         |--*H. aurea Egger 1856F92
         `--H. luteicornis Walker 1861 [incl. Anaperistommyia optica Townsend 1926]F92
  *Argyromima mirabilisWZ10, SC19, WZ10

Periscepsia Gistel 1848SC19, F92 [incl. Phorichaeta Rondani 1861F92, Scopolia Robineau-Desvoidy 1830 nec Forster & Forster 1776 (ICBN) non Jaquin 1764 (ICBN)F92]

*Periscepsia carbonaria (Panzer 1798) [incl. Phorichaeta fuliginaria Rondani 1861, Wagneria nigrans Meigen 1826]F92

*Voria ruralis (Fallén 1810) [incl. V. ciliata d’Aguilar 1957, V. edentata Baranov 1932, Tachina spinicosta Palm 1876]F92

*Type species of generic name indicated


[A71] Askew, R. R. 1971. Parasitic Insects. Heinemann Educational Books: London.

[CM70] Colless, D. H., & D. K. McAlpine. 1970. Diptera (flies). In: CSIRO. The Insects of Australia: A textbook for students and research workers pp. 656–740. Melbourne University Press.

[F92] Fan Z. 1992. Key to the Common Flies of China 2nd ed. Science Press: Beijing.

[P93] Pittaway, A. R. 1993. The Hawkmoths of the Western Palaearctic. Harley Books: Colchester.

[SC19] Stireman, J. O., III, P. Cerretti, J. E. O’Hara, J. D. Blaschke & J. K. Moulton. 2019. Molecular phylogeny and evolution of world Tachinidae (Diptera). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 139: 106358.

[T81] Teskey, H. J. 1981. Key to families—larvae. In: McAlpine, J. F., B. V. Peterson, G. E. Shewell, H. J. Teskey, J. R. Vockeroth & D. S. Wood (eds) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 1 pp. 125–147. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[W87] Wood, D. M. 1987. Tachinidae. In: McAlpine, J. F. (ed.) Manual of Nearctic Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1193–1269. Research Branch, Agriculture Canada.

[WZ10] Wood, D. M., & M. A. Zumbado. 2010. Tachinidae (tachinid flies, parasitic flies). In: Brown, B. V., A. Borkent, J. M. Cumming, D. M. Wood, N. E. Woodley & M. A. Zumbado (eds) Manual of Central American Diptera vol. 2 pp. 1343–1417. NRC Research Press: Ottawa.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *