Dicranoloma billardieri, from here.

Belongs within: Dicranaceae.

Dicranoloma is a genus of mosses found primarily in Australasia and South America, with some species also found in Malesia.

Characters (from Klazenga 2003): Dioicous, generally pseudautoicous. Male plants dwarfed, up to 3 mm tall, growing in tomentum on stem of female plants; female plants more or less robust, up to 13 cm tall. Leaves long, often falcate, with limbidium present, well-differentiated alar patches, and smooth, non-papillose upper lamina cells.

<==Dicranoloma (Renauld) Renauld 1901SK02
    |--D. angustiflorum Dixon 1915SK02
    |--D. angustifolium (Hooker & Wilson) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dicranum angustifolium]SK02
    |--D. argutum (Hampe) Paris 1904 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. austroscoparium (Müll.Hal. ex Broth.) Watts & Whitel. 1906 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. bartramioides (Broth.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum bartramioides, Campylopus bartramioides, Leucoloma bartramioides]SK02
    |--D. billarderi (Brid. ex Anon.) Paris 1904 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |    |--D. b. var. billarderiSK02
    |    `--D. b. var. angustinerve (Rodway) Sainsbury ex Wijk, Margad. & Florsch. 1962 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. brachysteleumBW15
    |--D. braunii (Müll.Hal. ex Bosch & Sande Lac.) Paris 1904 [incl. D. spiniforme Bartram 1952]SK02
    |--D. burchhardtii (Paris) Paris 1906 [=Dicranum burchhardtii, Dicranoloma rigens, Leucoloma rigens]SK02
    |--D. cylindropyxisM49a
    |--D. daymannianum Bartram 1957SK02
    |--D. diaphanoneuron (Hampe) Paris 1904 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. dicarpum (Nees) Paris 1904 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. elimbatum Dixon 1942SK02
    |--D. eucamptodontoides (Broth. & Geh.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum eucamptodontoides, Leucoloma eucamptodontoides]SK02
    |--D. fasciatum (Hedw.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum fasciatum]SK02
    |--D. grossialareM49b
    |--D. integrifoliumM49b
    |--D. leichhardtii (Hampe) Watts & Whitel. 1906 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. menziesii (Taylor) Renauld 1901 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |    |--D. m. var. menziesii (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |    `--D. m. var. rigidum (Wilson) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum menziesii var. rigidum]SK02
    |--D. nelsonii (Müll.Hal.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum nelsonii, Leucoloma nelsonii]SK02
    |--D. perichaetiale Sainsbury 1953SK02
    |--D. platycaulon Dixon 1913SK02
    |--D. plurisetumM49a
    |--D. punctulactum (Hampe) Renauld ex Paris 1904 [=Dicranum punctulatum, Leucoloma punctulatum]SK02
    |--D. robustum (Hooker & Wilson) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum robustum]SK02
    |    |--D. r. var. robustumSK02 (see below for synonymy)
    |    `--D. r. var. setosum (Hooker & Wilson) Sainsbury 1931 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. rugosum (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. serratum (Broth.) Renauld 1901 (see below for synonymy)SK02
    |--D. sullivanii (Müll.Hal.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum sullivanii, Leucoloma sullivanii]SK02
    |--D. trichopodum (Mitt.) Broth. 1924 [=Dicranum trichopodum; incl. Holomitrium milliganii (nom. inv.)]SK02
    `--D. wattsii Broth. 1918SK02

Dicranoloma argutum (Hampe) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum argutum, Leucoloma argutum; incl. Dicranum chlorocladum, Dicranoloma chlorocladum, Leucoloma chlorocladum, Dicranum whiteleggei, Dicranoloma whiteleggei, Leucoloma whiteleggei]SK02

Dicranoloma austroscoparium (Müll.Hal. ex Broth.) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dicranum austroscoparium, Leucoloma austroscoparium]SK02

Dicranoloma billarderi (Brid. ex Anon.) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum billarderi, Leucoloma billarderi, Oncophorus billarderi; incl. Dicranum austrocongestum, Dicranoloma austrocongestum, Leucoloma austrocongestum, Dicranum baileyanum, Dicranoloma baileyanum, Leucoloma baileyanum, Dicranum confine, Dicranoloma confine, Leucoloma confine, Dicranum dichotomum, Dicranum billarderi var. duriusculum, Dicranum integerrimum, Dicranoloma integerrimum, Leucoloma integerrimum, Dicranum billarderi var. latifolia, Dicranum pungentella, Dicranoloma pungentella, Leucoloma pungentella, Dicranum billarderi var. rigens non Dicranoloma rigens, Dicranum weymouthii, Dicranoloma weymouthii, Leucoloma weymouthii]SK02

Dicranoloma billarderi var. angustinerve (Rodway) Sainsbury ex Wijk, Margad. & Florsch. 1962 [=Dicranum billarderi var. angustinerve, Leucoloma angustinerve]SK02

Dicranoloma diaphanoneuron (Hampe) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum diaphanoneuron, Leucoloma diaphanoneuron; incl. Dicranum austrinum, Dicranoloma austrinum (Mitt.) Watts & Whitel. 1906, Eudicranum austrinum (n. n.), Dicranum contortifolium]SK02

Dicranoloma dicarpum (Nees) Paris 1904 [=Dicranum dicarpum, Leucoloma dicarpum; incl. Dicranum polychaetum, Dicranoloma polychaetum, Dicranoloma polysetum (nom. illeg.), Leucoloma polysetum (nom. illeg.), Dicranum dicarpum var. spinosum, Dicranoloma dicarpum var. spinosum, Dicranum subaggregatum (nom. inv.)]SK02

Dicranoloma leichhardtii (Hampe) Watts & Whitel. 1906 [=Dicranum leichhardtii, Leucoloma leichhardtii (Hampe) Jaeger 1872, Poecilophyllum leichhardtii]SK02

Dicranoloma menziesii (Taylor) Renauld 1901 [=Dicranum menziesii, Leucoloma menziesii; incl. Dicranum kaiparaense (nom. illeg.)]SK02

Dicranoloma menziesii (Taylor) Renauld 1901 var. menziesii [incl. Dicranum brachypelma, Dicranum kroneanum, Dicranoloma kroneanum, Leucoloma kroneanum, Dicranum nudum, Campylopus nudus, Dicranum oedithecium, Dicranoloma oedithecium, Leucoloma oedithecium, Dicranum suberectum, Dicranoloma suberectum, Dicranum trichophyllum, Dicranoloma trichophyllum]SK02

Dicranoloma robustum (Hooker & Wilson) Paris 1904 var. robustumSK02 [incl. Dicranum leucolomoidesSK02, Dicranoloma leucolomoidesM49b, Dicranoloma pungensSK02, Dicranum robustum var. pungensSK02]

Dicranoloma robustum var. setosum (Hooker & Wilson) Sainsbury 1931 [=Dicranum setosum; incl. Dicranum calymperaceum, Dicranoloma calymperaceum, Leucoloma calymperaceum, Dicranum calymperidium (n. n.), Dicranum subpungens, Dicranoloma subpungens, Leucoloma subpungens, Dicranum subsetosum, Dicranoloma subsetosum, Leucoloma subsetosum]SK02

Dicranoloma rugosum [=Leucodon rugosus, Dicnemon rugosum (Hooker) Schwägr. 1824, Eucnemis rugosa (comb. inv.); incl. Dicnemon giganteum]SK02

Dicranoloma serratum (Broth.) Renauld 1901 [=Leucoloma serratum; incl. L. harrisii (n. n.), Dicranoloma harrisii (n. n.), Dicranum monocarpum (n. n.), Dicranoloma monocarpum (nom. inv.)]SK02

*Type species of generic name indicated


[BW15] Brotherus, V. F., & W. W. Watts. 1915. The mosses of the New Hebrides [part 1]. Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 49 (1): 127–144.

Klazenga, N. 2003. A revision of the Australasian species of Dicranoloma (Bryophyta, Dicranaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 16 (4): 427–471.

[M49a] Martin, W. 1949a. The bryophytes of Stewart Island.—Part I. Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (2): 257–277.

[M49b] Martin, W. 1949b. Distribution of the mosses indigenous to New Zealand (supplement no. 1). Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 77 (3): 355-360.

[SK02] Streimann, H., & N. Klazenga. 2002. Catalogue of Australian Mosses. Flora of Australia Supplementary Series 17. Australian Biological Resources Study: Canberra.

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