Discocyrtus

Teratological male (with abnormally small dorsal spines) of Discocyrtus testudineus, copyright Daniel N. Proud.

Belongs within: Gonyleptidae.

Discocyrtus is a diverse but poorly defined genus of gonyleptid harvestmen found in southern South America.

<==Discocyrtus Holmberg 1878K03 (see below for synonymy)
    |--*D. testudineus (Holmberg 1876) (see below for synonymy)K03
    |--D. affinis Roewer 1913K03
    |--D. alticola Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. antiquus Soares 1946K03
    |--D. areolatus Piza 1938 [incl. D. sulcatus Soares 1944]K03
    |--D. armatissimus Roewer 1913K03
    |--D. banhado Kury 2003 [=Lyopachylus canalsi Soares 1945 non D. canalsi Roewer 1943]K03
    |--D. boraceae Soares 1942K03
    |--D. bos Roewer 1929K03
    |--D. brevifemur Soares & Soares 1947K03
    |--D. bucki Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. calcarifer Roewer 1917K03
    |--D. canalsi Roewer 1943K03
    |--D. carvalhoi Mello-Leitão 1941K03
    |--D. catharinensis (Mello-Leitão 1923) (see below for synonymy)K03
    |--D. cervus Roewer 1929K03
    |--D. clarus Roewer 1943K03
    |--D. confusus Kury & Alonso-Zarazaga 2011KA-Z11
    |--D. cornutus Piza 1940 (see below for synonymy)K03
    |--D. coronatus Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. coxalis Roewer 1929K03
    |--D. crenulatus Roewer 1913K03
    |--D. dilatatus Sørensen 1884K03 (see below for synonymy)
    |--D. dubius Soares 1945K03
    |--D. elegantulus Mello-Leitão 1939K03
    |--D. emydeus Sørensen 1884K03
    |--D. fazi Piza 1942K03
    |--D. fimbriatus Mello-Leitão 1939K03
    |--D. flavigranulatus Soares 1944K03 [incl. Gonyleptes curvipes Koch 1839 non Guérin-Méneville 1838KM20, D. curvipesK03]
    |--D. goodnighti Soares & Soares 1945K03
    |--D. goyazius (Roewer 1929) [=*Discocyrtanus goyazius]K03
    |--D. granulatus Soares & Soares 1970K03
    |--D. guarauna Piza 1940K03
    |--D. guttatus Roewer 1927K03
    |--D. hamatus Roewer 1915K03
    |--D. heteracanthus Mello-Leitão 1936K03
    |--D. iguapei Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. infelix Mello-Leitão 1940 [incl. D. textor Piza 1943]K03
    |--D. invalidus Piza 1938K03
    |--D. langei Mello-Leitão 1936K03
    |--D. latus Mello-Leitão 1935 [incl. D. dualis Piza 1943]K03
    |--D. leonardosi Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. lisei Tavares 1981K03
    |--D. littoralis Mello-Leitão 1932K03
    |--D. longicornis (Mello-Leitão 1922) [=Gonyleptes longicornis; incl. D. transversalis Piza 1940]K03
    |--D. longispinus (Mello-Leitão 1949) [=Propachylus longispinus]K03
    |--D. magnicalcar (Roewer 1943) [=*Bunopachylus magnicalcar]K03
    |--D. melanacanthus Mello-Leitão 1932K03
    |--D. milloti Roewer 1943K03
    |--D. moraesianus Mello-Leitão 1923K03
    |--D. niger Mello-Leitão 1923K03
    |--D. nigerrimus Roewer 1943K03
    |--D. nigrolineatus (Mello-Leitão 1935) [=Discocyrtanus nigrolineatus]K03
    |--D. nigrosulcatus (Mello-Leitão 1932) [=*Heteropucrolia nigrosulcata]K03
    |--D. oliverioi Soares 1945K03
    |--D. orientalis (Roewer 1913) [=Pachyloides orientalis]K03
    |--D. pectinifemur Mello-Leitão 1937 [=D. pectiniferus (l. c.)]K03
    |--D. pedrosoi Kury 2008P-GC17
    |--D. perfidus Mello-Leitão 1932K03
    |--D. pertenuis Mello-Leitão 1935K03
    |--D. pizai Mello-Leitão 1949K03
    |--D. prospicuus (Holmberg 1876) (see below for synonymy)K03
    |--D. rarus Soares 1944K03
    |--D. rectipes Roewer 1913K03
    |--D. semipartitus Mello-Leitão 1932K03
    |--D. serrifemur Roewer 1943K03
    |--D. simplex Soares 1943K03
    |--D. singularis (Roewer 1913) [=*Propachylus singularis]K03
    |--D. spinifemur Soares 1945K03
    |--D. subinermis Mello-Leitão 1936K03
    |--D. tenuis Roewer 1917K03
    |--D. terezopolis Soares & Soares 1948K03
    |--D. vegetus Canals 1939K03
    |--D. vestitus Mello-Leitão 1922K03
    `--D. wygodzinskyi Soares & Soares 1948K03

Discocyrtus Holmberg 1878K03 [incl. Bunopachylus Roewer 1943K03, Discocyrtanus Roewer 1929K03, Discocyrtulusoma Piza 1943K03, KA-Z11, Discocyrtulosoma (l. c.)KA-Z11, Heteropucrolia Mello-Leitão 1932K03, Microgoniosoma Mello-Leitão 1930K03, Opisthoplatus Holmberg 1878K03, Pachylobos Piza 1940K03, Parasadocus Mello-Leitão 1927K03, Propachylus Roewer 1913K03]

Discocyrtus catharinensis (Mello-Leitão 1923) [=Sadocus catharinensis, *Parasadocus catharinensis; incl. S. aquifugus Mello-Leitão 1931, Gonyleptes pugilator Mello-Leitão 1932]K03

Discocyrtus cornutus Piza 1940 [incl. *Pachylobos areolatus Piza 1940, Discocyrtus areolatus non D. areolatus Piza 1938, *Discocyrtulosoma soaresi Piza 1943, Discocyrtulosoma searesi (l. c.)]K03

Discocyrtus dilatatus Sørensen 1884K03 [incl. Pachyloides fischeri Müller 1917K03, KA-Z11, Pachylus spinosus Canestrini 1888K03, Pachyloides spinosusK03, Pachyloides tuberculatus Müller 1918K03]

Discocyrtus prospicuus (Holmberg 1876) [=Gonyleptes prospicuus, D. propicuus (l. c.), D. propincuus (l. c.), *Opisthoplatus prospicuus; incl. D. argentinus Mello-Leitão 1930, D. exceptionalis Mello-Leitão 1933, D. frersi Mello-Leitão 1933, D. luteipalpis Mello-Leitão 1931, D. spinosus Roewer 1917]K03

*Discocyrtus testudineus (Holmberg 1876) [=Gonyleptes testudineus; incl. *Microgoniosoma fuscum Mello-Leitão 1930, Discocyrtus laevis Mello-Leitão 1931, D. minutus Roewer 1913]K03

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[K03] Kury, A. B. 2003. Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología, volumen especial monográfico 1: 1–337.

[KA-Z11] Kury, A. B., & M. A. Alonso-Zarazaga. 2011. Addenda and corrigenda to the “Annotated catalogue of the Laniatores of the New World (Arachnida, Opiliones)”. Zootaxa 3034: 47–68.

[KM20] Kury, A. B., A. C. Mendes, L. Cardoso, M. S. Kury & A. A. Granado. 2020. WCO-Lite: Online world catalogue of harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones). Version 1.0—Checklist of all valid nomina in Opiliones with authors and dates of publication up to 2018. Published by the author: Rio de Janeiro.

[P-GC17] Pérez-González, A., F. S. Ceccarelli, B. G. O. Monte, D. N. Proud, M. B. DaSilva & M. E. Bichuette. 2017. Light from dark: a relictual troglobite reveals a broader ancestral distribution for kimulid harvestmen (Opiliones: Laniatores: Kimulidae) in South America. PLoS One 12 (11): e0187919.

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