Discodorididae

Discodoris boholiensis, copyright Prilfish.

Belongs within: Doridina.
Contains: Thordisa.

The Discodorididae are a group of nudibranchs united by the presence of a notched labium, small conical oral tentacles, two differentiated portions in the prostate, and two portions in the blood gland (Valdés 2002).

Discodorididae [Arginidae, Baptodorididae, Discodoridinae, Platydorididae]
|--Otinodoris White 1948V02
| `--*O. winckworthi White 1948V02
|--Sebadoris Marcus & Marcus 1960V02, BR05 [Sebadorididae, Sebadoridinae]
| |--S. nubilosa (Pease 1871)V02 (see below for synonymy)
| `--S. fragilis (Alder & Hancock 1864)WBS-S15
|--Peltodoris Bergh 1880 [incl. Phialodoris Bergh 1889]V02
| |--*P. atromaculata Bergh 1880 [=Discodoris atromaculata]V02
| `--‘Phialodoris’ potrida Bergh 1889V02
|--Discodoris Bergh 1877 [incl. Erythrodoris Pruvot-Fol 1933, Fracassa Bergh 1878, Tayuva Marcus & Marcus 1967]V02
| |--*D. boholiensis Bergh 1877 [incl. D. meta Bergh 1877]V02
| |--D. cebuensis Bergh 1877V02
| |--D. concinna (Alder & Hancock 1864)BD86 [=Doris concinnaV02]
| |--‘Doris’ crucis Mörch 1863V02
| |--‘*Erythrodoris’ dollfusi Pruvot-Fol 1933 (n. d.)V02
| |--‘Doris’ fragilis Alder & Hancock 1864V02
| |--‘Doris’ granulata Ehrenberg 1831V02
| |--D. heathi MacFarland 1905B77
| |--D. ketos (Marcus & Marcus 1967) [=*Tayuva ketos]V02
| | |--D. k. ketosV02
| | |--‘Tayuva’ k. gila Marcus & Marcus 1970V02
| | `--‘Tayuva’ k. juva Marcus & Marcus 1970V02
| |--D. mavis Marcus & Marcus 1967B77
| |--D. modesta Bergh 1877V02
| |--D. muta Bergh 1877V02
| |--D. notha Bergh 1877V02
| |--‘Doris’ pardalis Alder & Hancock 1864V02
| |--D. schmeltziana Bergh 1877V02
| |--D. stellifera (Vayssière 1904) [=Archidoris stellifera]V02
| `--D. zibethina (Bergh 1878) (n. d.) [=*Fracassa zibethina]V02
`--+--+--Paradoris Bergh 1884 [incl. Percunas Marcus 1970]V02
| | |--P. indecora (Bergh 1881) [=Discodoris indecora; incl. *P. granulata Bergh 1884]V02
| | |--P. ceneris Ortea 1995V02
| | |--P. leuca Miller 1995V02
| | |--P. mollis Ortea 1995V02
| | `--*Percunas’ mulciber Marcus 1970V02
| `--+--Geitodoris Bergh 1891V02, BR05 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--G. planata (Alder & Hancock 1846)V02 (see below for synonymy)
| | |--G. bonosi Ortea & Ballesteros 1981 [=*Verrillia bonosi]V02
| | |--*Carryodoris’ joubini Vayssière 1919V02
| | |--G. ohshimai Baba 1926V02
| | `--G. reticulata Eliot 1906V02
| `--+--Hoplodoris Bergh 1880V02, BR05 [Hoplodoridinae]
| | |--*H. desmoparypha Bergh 1880V02
| | |--H. estrelyado Gosliner & Behrens 1998V02
| | |--H. nodulosa (Angas 1864) [=Doris nodulosa]V02
| | `--H. novaezelandiae (Bergh 1904) [=Homoiodoris novaezelandiae]V02
| `--+--ThordisaV02
| `--+--Halgerda Bergh 1880V02, BR05 [Halgerdidae, Halgerdinae]
| | |--*H. formosa Bergh 1880BR17
| | |--H. brycei Fahey & Gosliner 2001WBS-S15
| | |--H. carlsoni Rudman 1978WBS-S15
| | |--H. punctata Farran 1905WBS-S15
| | |--H. rubra Bergh 1905DSA04
| | `--H. tessellata (Bergh 1880)BW09
| `--Asteronotus Ehrenberg 1831V02, BR05 (see below for synonymy)
| |--*A. hemprichi Ehrenberg 1831BR17
| |--A. alabastrinus (Cooper 1862) [=Doris (Asteronotus) alabastrina]C64
| |--A. cespitosus (van Hasselt 1824) (see below for synonymy)V02
| `--A. sanguineus (Cooper 1862) (see below for synonymy)C64
`--+--Thorybopus Bouchet 1977V02
|--Taringa Marcus 1955V02, BR05 [Taringinae]
| `--*T. telopia Marcus 1955BR17
|--Alloiodoris Bergh 1904V02
| |--*A. marmorataP61
| `--A. lanuginata (Abraham 1877)P61
|--Atagema Gray in Gray 1850V02
| |--*A. carinata (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Doris carinata]P61
| |--A. intecta (Kelaart 1858)BW09
| `--A. spongiosa (Kelaart 1858)BW09
|--+--Diaulula Bergh 1878V02, BR05 [Diaululidae, Diaululinae]
| | `--*D. sandiegensis (Cooper 1863)BR17 [=Doris (Actinocyclus) sandiegensisBR17, C64]
| `--Anisodoris Bergh 1898V02 [incl. Montereina MacFarland 1905V03, V02]
| |--A. nobilis (MacFarland 1905)V03 [=*Montereina nobilisV02, DSA04, Peltodoris nobilisV02]
| `--‘Montereina’ concinna (Alder & Hancock 1864)WBS-S15
|--Rostanginae [Rostangidae]V02
| |--Awuka Marcus 1955V02
| |--Boreodoris Odhner 1939V02
| `--Rostanga Bergh 1879BR05
| |--*R. coccinea (Forbes 1848) [=Doris coccinea]BR17
| |--R. bifurcata Rudman & Avern 1989WBS-S15
| |--R. muscala (Abraham 1877)P61
| |--R. pulchra MacFarland 1905H01
| |--R. rubicunda (Cheeseman 1881)P61
| `--R. rubra Risso 1818V02
`--+--Nophodoris Valdés & Gosliner 2001V02
|--Sclerodoris Eliot 1904V02
| `--S. coriacea Eliot 1903H01
|--Kentrodoridinae [Centrodorididae, Kentrodorididae]V02
| |--Audura Bergh 1878V02
| |--Kentrodoris Bergh 1874BR05 [incl. Centrodoris Odhner in Franc 1968V02]
| | `--*K. rubescens Bergh 1874BR17
| `--Jorunna Bergh 1876V02
| |--J. funebris (Kelaart 1859)WBS-S15
| |--J. pantherina (Angas 1864)BW09
| `--J. rubescens Bergh 1876BW09
`--+--Baptodoris Bergh 1884V02, BR05 [Baptodoridinae]
| `--*B. cinnabarina Bergh 1884BR17
`--PlatydoridinaeV02
|--Gargamella Bergh 1894V02
| |--*G. immaculataP61
| `--G. novozealandica Eliot 1907P61
`--Platydoris Bergh 1877BR05
|--*P. argo (Linnaeus 1767) [=Doris argo]BR17
|--P. coriacea (Abraham 1777) [=Doris coriacea]H09
|--P. cruenta (Gray 1850) [=Asteronotus cruentus]H09
|--P. dierythros Fahey & Valdés 2003WBS-S15
|--P. duraPP64
|--P. formosa (Alder & Hancock 1864)WBS-S15
|--P. infrapicta (Smith 1884) [=Doris infrapicta]H09
`--P. scabra (Cuvier 1804)WBS-S15

Discodorididae incertae sedis:
Trippa Bergh 1877 [Trippidae, Trippinae]BR05
`--*T. ornata (Bergh 1877) [=Doriopsis ornata]BR17
Aporodoris Ihering 1886V02
`--A. rubra Bergh 1905DSA04
Nirva Bergh 1905V02
Dictyodoris Bergh 1880V02
Dystylodoris Odhner 1959V02
Carminodoris Bergh 1889V02
|--*C. mauritiana Bergh 1889V02
|--C. boucheti Ortea 1979V02
`--C. spinobranchialis Ortea & Martínez 1992V02
Gruvelia Risbec 1928 [Gruveliidae, Gruveliinae]BR05
`--*G. spahri Risbec 1928BR17
Artachaea Bergh 1882 [Artachaeinae]BR05
`--*A. rubida Bergh 1882V02
‘Argus’ Bohadsch 1761 (nom. rej.)BR05

Asteronotus Ehrenberg 1831V02, BR05 [incl. Xenodoris Odhner in Franc 1968 (n. n.)V02; Asteronotidae, Asteronotinae]

Asteronotus cespitosus (van Hasselt 1824) [incl. Doris sordida Rüppell & Leuckart 1830, *Xenodoris sordida]V02

Asteronotus sanguineus (Cooper 1862) [=Doris (Asteronotus) sanguinea non Hexabranchus sanguineus Rüppell & Leuckart 1831 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.)]C64

Geitodoris Bergh 1891V02, BR05 [incl. Carryodoris Vayssière 1919V02, Verrillia Ortea & Ballesteros 1981V02; Geitodorididae]

Geitodoris planata (Alder & Hancock 1846)V02 [=Doris planataV02, Discodoris planataV02; incl. Doris complanata Verrill 1889V02, BR17, *Geitodoris complanataV02, Doris testudinaria Risso 1818V02]

Sebadoris nubilosa (Pease 1871)V02 [=Doris nubilosaV02; incl. Thordisa crosslandi Eliot 1903V02, BR17, *Sebadoris crosslandiBR17, Diaulula gigantea Bergh 1905V02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

References

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[DSA04] Dayrat, B., C. Schander & K. A. Angielczyk. 2004. Suggestions for a new species nomenclature. Taxon 53 (2): 485–491.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

[V03] Valdés, Á. 2003. Preliminary molecular phylogeny of the radula-less dorids (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), based on 16S mtDNA sequence data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 75–80.

[WBS-S15] Willan, R. C., C. Bryce & S. M. Slack-Smith. 2015. Kimberley marine biota. Historical data: molluscs. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 84: 287–343.

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