Discodorididae

Discodoris boholiensis, copyright Prilfish.

Belongs within: Doridina.
Contains: Thordisa.

The Discodorididae are a group of nudibranchs united by the presence of a notched labium, small conical oral tentacles, two differentiated portions in the prostate, and two portions in the blood gland (Valdés 2002).

Discodorididae [Arginidae, Baptodorididae, Discodoridinae, Platydorididae]
    |–Otinodoris White 1948 V02
    |    `–*O. winckworthi White 1948 V02
    |–Sebadoris Marcus & Marcus 1960 V02, BR05 [Sebadorididae, Sebadoridinae]
    |    `–S. nubilosa (Pease 1871) V02 (see below for synonymy)
    |–Peltodoris Bergh 1880 [incl. Phialodoris Bergh 1889] V02
    |    |–*P. atromaculata Bergh 1880 [=Discodoris atromaculata] V02
    |    `–‘Phialodoris’ potrida Bergh 1889 V02
    |–Discodoris Bergh 1877 [incl. Erythrodoris Pruvot-Fol 1933, Fracassa Bergh 1878, Tayuva Marcus & Marcus 1967] V02
    |    |–*D. boholiensis Bergh 1877 [incl. D. meta Bergh 1877] V02
    |    |–D. cebuensis Bergh 1877 V02
    |    |–D. concinna (Alder & Hancock 1864) BD86 [=Doris concinna V02]
    |    |–‘Doris’ crucis Mörch 1863 V02
    |    |–‘*Erythrodoris’ dollfusi Pruvot-Fol 1933 (n. d.) V02
    |    |–‘Doris’ fragilis Alder & Hancock 1864 V02
    |    |–‘Doris’ granulata Ehrenberg 1831 V02
    |    |–D. heathi MacFarland 1905 B77
    |    |–D. ketos (Marcus & Marcus 1967) [=*Tayuva ketos] V02
    |    |    |–D. k. ketos V02
    |    |    |–‘Tayuva’ k. gila Marcus & Marcus 1970 V02
    |    |    `–‘Tayuva’ k. juva Marcus & Marcus 1970 V02
    |    |–D. mavis Marcus & Marcus 1967 B77
    |    |–D. modesta Bergh 1877 V02
    |    |–D. muta Bergh 1877 V02
    |    |–D. notha Bergh 1877 V02
    |    |–‘Doris’ pardalis Alder & Hancock 1864 V02
    |    |–D. schmeltziana Bergh 1877 V02
    |    |–D. stellifera (Vayssière 1904) [=Archidoris stellifera] V02
    |    `–D. zibethina (Bergh 1878) (n. d.) [=*Fracassa zibethina] V02
    `–+–+–Paradoris Bergh 1884 [incl. Percunas Marcus 1970] V02
       |  |    |–P. indecora (Bergh 1881) [=Discodoris indecora; incl. *P. granulata Bergh 1884] V02
       |  |    |–P. ceneris Ortea 1995 V02
       |  |    |–P. leuca Miller 1995 V02
       |  |    |–P. mollis Ortea 1995 V02
       |  |    `–*Percunas’ mulciber Marcus 1970 V02
       |  `–+–Geitodoris Bergh 1891 V02, BR05 (see below for synonymy)
       |     |    |–G. planata (Alder & Hancock 1846) V02 (see below for synonymy)
       |     |    |–G. bonosi Ortea & Ballesteros 1981 [=*Verrillia bonosi] V02
       |     |    |–*Carryodoris’ joubini Vayssière 1919 V02
       |     |    |–G. ohshimai Baba 1926 V02
       |     |    `–G. reticulata Eliot 1906 V02
       |     `–+–Hoplodoris Bergh 1880 V02, BR05 [Hoplodoridinae]
       |        |    |–*H. desmoparypha Bergh 1880 V02
       |        |    |–H. estrelyado Gosliner & Behrens 1998 V02
       |        |    |–H. nodulosa (Angas 1864) [=Doris nodulosa] V02
       |        |    `–H. novaezelandiae (Bergh 1904) [=Homoiodoris novaezelandiae] V02
       |        `–+–Thordisa V02
       |           `–+–Halgerda Bergh 1880 V02, BR05 [Halgerdidae, Halgerdinae]
       |              |    |–*H. formosa Bergh 1880 BR17
       |              |    |–H. rubra Bergh 1905 DSA04
       |              |    `–H. tessellata (Bergh 1880) BW09
       |              `–Asteronotus Ehrenberg 1831 V02, BR05 (see below for synonymy)
       |                   |–*A. hemprichi Ehrenberg 1831 BR17
       |                   |–A. alabastrinus (Cooper 1862) [=Doris (Asteronotus) alabastrina] C64
       |                   |–A. cespitosus (van Hasselt 1824) (see below for synonymy) V02
       |                   `–A. sanguineus (Cooper 1862) (see below for synonymy) C64
       `–+–Thorybopus Bouchet 1977 V02
          |–Taringa Marcus 1955 V02, BR05 [Taringinae]
          |    `–*T. telopia Marcus 1955 BR17
          |–Alloiodoris Bergh 1904 V02
          |    |–*A. marmorata P61
          |    `–A. lanuginata (Abraham 1877) P61
          |–Atagema Gray in Gray 1850 V02
          |    |–*A. carinata (Quoy & Gaimard 1832) [=Doris carinata] P61
          |    |–A. intecta (Kelaart 1858) BW09
          |    `–A. spongiosa (Kelaart 1858) BW09
          |–+–Diaulula Bergh 1878 V02, BR05 [Diaululidae, Diaululinae]
          |  |    `–*D. sandiegensis (Cooper 1863) BR17 [=Doris (Actinocyclus) sandiegensis BR17, C64]
          |  `–Anisodoris Bergh 1898 V02 [incl. Montereina MacFarland 1905 V03, V02]
          |       `–A. nobilis (MacFarland 1905) V03 [=*Montereina nobilis V02, DSA04, Peltodoris nobilis V02]
          |–Rostanginae [Rostangidae] V02
          |    |–Awuka Marcus 1955 V02
          |    |–Boreodoris Odhner 1939 V02
          |    `–Rostanga Bergh 1879 BR05
          |         |–*R. coccinea (Forbes 1848) [=Doris coccinea] BR17
          |         |–R. muscala (Abraham 1877) P61
          |         |–R. pulchra MacFarland 1905 H01
          |         |–R. rubicunda (Cheeseman 1881) P61
          |         `–R. rubra Risso 1818 V02
          `–+–Nophodoris Valdés & Gosliner 2001 V02
             |–Sclerodoris Eliot 1904 V02
             |    `–S. coriacea Eliot 1903 H01
             |–Kentrodoridinae [Centrodorididae, Kentrodorididae] V02
             |    |–Audura Bergh 1878 V02
             |    |–Kentrodoris Bergh 1874 BR05 [incl. Centrodoris Odhner in Franc 1968 V02]
             |    |    `–*K. rubescens Bergh 1874 BR17
             |    `–Jorunna Bergh 1876 V02
             |         |–J. pantherina (Angas 1864) BW09
             |         `–J. rubescens Bergh 1876 BW09
             `–+–Baptodoris Bergh 1884 V02, BR05 [Baptodoridinae]
                |    `–*B. cinnabarina Bergh 1884 BR17
                `–Platydoridinae V02
                     |–Gargamella Bergh 1894 V02
                     |    |–*G. immaculata P61
                     |    `–G. novozealandica Eliot 1907 P61
                     `–Platydoris Bergh 1877 BR05
                          |–*P. argo (Linnaeus 1767) [=Doris argo] BR17
                          |–P. coriacea (Abraham 1777) [=Doris coriacea] H09
                          |–P. cruenta (Gray 1850) [=Asteronotus cruentus] H09
                          |–P. dura PP64
                          `–P. infrapicta (Smith 1884) [=Doris infrapicta] H09

Discodorididae incertae sedis:
  Trippa Bergh 1877 [Trippidae, Trippinae] BR05
    `–*T. ornata (Bergh 1877) [=Doriopsis ornata] BR17
  Aporodoris Ihering 1886 V02
    `–A. rubra Bergh 1905 DSA04
  Nirva Bergh 1905 V02
  Dictyodoris Bergh 1880 V02
  Dystylodoris Odhner 1959 V02
  Carminodoris Bergh 1889 V02
    |–*C. mauritiana Bergh 1889 V02
    |–C. boucheti Ortea 1979 V02
    `–C. spinobranchialis Ortea & Martínez 1992 V02
  Gruvelia Risbec 1928 [Gruveliidae, Gruveliinae] BR05
    `–*G. spahri Risbec 1928 BR17
  Artachaea Bergh 1882 [Artachaeinae] BR05
    `–*A. rubida Bergh 1882 V02
  ‘Argus’ Bohadsch 1761 (nom. rej.) BR05

Asteronotus Ehrenberg 1831 V02, BR05 [incl. Xenodoris Odhner in Franc 1968 (n. n.) V02; Asteronotidae, Asteronotinae]

Asteronotus cespitosus (van Hasselt 1824) [incl. Doris sordida Rüppell & Leuckart 1830, *Xenodoris sordida] V02

Asteronotus sanguineus (Cooper 1862) [=Doris (Asteronotus) sanguinea non Hexabranchus sanguineus Rüppell & Leuckart 1831 (not preoc. if in dif. gen.)] C64

Geitodoris Bergh 1891 V02, BR05 [incl. Carryodoris Vayssière 1919 V02, Verrillia Ortea & Ballesteros 1981 V02; Geitodorididae]

Geitodoris planata (Alder & Hancock 1846) V02 [=Doris planata V02, Discodoris planata V02; incl. Doris complanata Verrill 1889 V02, BR17, *Geitodoris complanata V02, Doris testudinaria Risso 1818 V02]

Sebadoris nubilosa (Pease 1871) V02 [=Doris nubilosa V02; incl. Thordisa crosslandi Eliot 1903 V02, BR17, *Sebadoris crosslandi BR17, Diaulula gigantea Bergh 1905 V02]

*Type species of generic name indicated

REFERENCES

[BD86] Barash, A., & Z. Danin. 1986. Further additions to the knowledge of Indo-Pacific Mollusca in the Mediterranean Sea (Lessepsian migrants). Spixiana 9 (2): 117–141.

[B77] Bertsch, H. 1977. The Chromodoridinae nudibranchs from the Pacific coast of America.—Part I. Investigative methods and supra-specific taxonomy. Veliger 20 (2): 107–118.

[BR05] Bouchet, P., & J.-P. Rocroi. 2005. Classification and nomenclator of gastropod families. Malacologia 47 (1–2): 1–397.

[BR17] Bouchet, P., J.-P. Rocroi, B. Hausdorf, A. Kaim, Y. Kano, A. Nützel, P. Parkhaev, M. Schrödl & E. E. Strong. 2017. Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia 61 (1–2): 1–526.

[BW09] Bryce, C., & C. Whisson. 2009. The macromolluscs of Mermaid (Rowley Shoals), Scott and Seringapatam Reefs, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 77: 177–208.

[C64] Carpenter, P. P. 1864. Supplementary report on the present state of our knowledge with regard to the Mollusca of the west coast of North America. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science 33: 517–686.

[DSA04] Dayrat, B., C. Schander & K. A. Angielczyk. 2004. Suggestions for a new species nomenclature. Taxon 53 (2): 485–491.

[H09] Hedley, C. 1909. The Marine Fauna of Queensland: Address by the President of Section D. Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science: Brisbane.

[H01] Huys, R. 2001. Splanchnotrophid systematics: a case of polyphyly and taxonomic myopia. Journal of Crustacean Biology 21 (1): 106–156.

[PP64] Peres, J. M., & J. Picard. 1964. Nouveau manuel de bionomie benthique de la mer Mediterranee. Recueil des Travaux de la Station Marine d’Endoume, Bulletin 31 (27): 5–137.

[P61] Powell, A. W. B. 1961. Shells of New Zealand: An illustrated handbook 4th ed. Whitcombe and Tombs Limited: Christchurch.

[V02] Valdés, Á. 2002. A phylogenetic analysis and systematic revision of the cryptobranch dorids (Mollusca, Nudibranchia, Anthobranchia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 136: 535–636.

[V03] Valdés, Á. 2003. Preliminary molecular phylogeny of the radula-less dorids (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), based on 16S mtDNA sequence data. Journal of Molluscan Studies 69: 75–80.

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